Caves. A cave is defined as an underground passage large enough for a person to crawl into, naturally formed, and in complete darkness. How does a cave form?. Rain dissolves Carbon Dioxide into Carbonic acid Carbonic acid dissolves minerals in rock Rock is sculpted in weak spots
A cave is defined as an underground passage large enough for a person to crawl into, naturally formed, and in complete darkness.
Formed by water that drops from the top of the cave that contains calcite
The calcite is left when the water drops
Constant winds blowing cause stalactites to grow in crooked.
Occasionally, stalactites will grow together with the stalagmites and will create a column.Stalactites
Form from the bottom of the cave
They grow about 1 cm every 1000 years because it is hard for water to evaporate in the moist caveStalagmites
Erosional- formed by the action of water or wind, carrying abrasive particles capable of carving rockTypes of Caves
Sea Caves- form from wave actions along the coast where areas are weak in sea cliffsTypes of Caves
Solution Caves- form where rock is dissolved awayTypes of Caves
2. Troglophiles: “cave lovers” can live part or all of their lives in caves
3. Trogloxenes: “cave guests”
Have horseshoe shaped structure around their nostrils to help direct sound for echo location
They wrap their wings around themselves to keep warm during hibernation
When they are asleep, they tuck their wings to their sidesHorse-shoe Bats