The principal parts of verbs
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THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF VERBS. EVERY VERB HAS 4 PRINCIPAL PARTS. PART iciples are actually PARTS of verbs. When the present participle and the past participle are used to form verbs in sentences THEY ALWAYS TAKE AUXILIARY (HELPING) VERBS.

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THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF VERBS

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The principal parts of verbs

THE PRINCIPAL PARTS OF VERBS


Every verb has 4 principal parts

EVERY VERB HAS 4 PRINCIPAL PARTS


Part iciples are actually parts of verbs

PARTiciples are actually PARTS of verbs

  • When the present participle and the past participle are used to form verbs in sentences THEY ALWAYS TAKE AUXILIARY (HELPING) VERBS.


These principal parts are used to make all of the verb tenses

These principal parts are used to make all of the verb tenses.

  • Present tense I find

  • Past tense I found

  • Future tense I will/shall find

  • Present perfect tense I have found

  • Past perfect tense I had found

  • Future perfect tense I will/shall have found


There are 2 kinds of verbs

THERE ARE 2 KINDS OF VERBS

  • REGULAR VERBS - form their past and past participle by adding -ed or -d to the present.


There are 2 kinds of verbs1

THERE ARE 2 KINDS OF VERBS

  • IRREGULAR VERBS - form their past and past participle in some other way than adding -ed or -d.

  • Check out page 131 of your grammar book and the handout!


Irregular verbs group 1

IRREGULAR VERBS GROUP 1

  • The forms of the present, the past, and the past participle are the same.


Irregular verbs group 2

IRREGULAR VERBSGROUP 2

  • The forms of the past and the past participle are the same.


Irregular verbs group 3

IRREGULAR VERBSGroup 3

  • The vowel changes from ito a to u.


Irregular verbs group 4

IRREGULAR VERBSGROUP 4

  • The past participle is formed by adding -n or -en to the past.


Irregular verbs group 5

IRREGULAR VERBSGROUP 5

  • The past participle is formed from the present - often by adding -n, -en, or -ne.


Give the principal parts of these verbs

Give the principal parts of these verbs

PRESENT

PRESENT

PARTICLE

PAST

PAST

PARTICIPLE

BEGIN

(is) beginning

(has) begun

began

BEND

(is) bending

*bent

*(has) bent

BLEED

(is) bleeding

bled

(has) bled

BRING

(is) bringing

brought

(has) brought

CATCH

(is) catching

caught

(has) caught

DIG

(is) digging

dug

(h)as dug

DRAW

(is) drawing

drew

(has) drawn


Give the principal parts of these verbs1

Give the principal parts of these verbs

Present

Present participle

Past

Past participle

(is) dreaming

*dreamed

*(has)

dreamed

DREAM

EAT

(is) eating

ate

(has) eaten

DRIVE

(is) driving

drove

(has) driven

FLY

(is) flying

flew

(has) flown

FORGET

(is) forgetting

forgot

(has) forgotten


Give the principal parts of these verbs2

Give the principal parts of these verbs

PRESENT

PRESENT

PARTICIPLE

PAST

PAST PARTICIPLE

FLY

(is) flying

flew

(has) flown

FREEZE

(is) freezing

froze

(has) frozen

HIDE

(is) hiding

hid

(has)hidden

KNOW

(is)knowing

knew

(has)known

KEEP

(is)keeping

kept

(has)kept

RUN

(is)running

ran

(has)run

SHAKE

(is)shaking

shook

(has)shaken


Give the principal parts of these verbs3

Give the principal parts of these verbs

Present

Present participle

Past

Past participle

SINK

(is)sinking

sank

(has)sunk

SPRING

(is)springing

*sprang

(has)sprung

STEAL

(is)stealing

stole

(has)stolen

SWING

(is)swinging

*swung

(has)swung

WRITE

(is)writing

wrote

(has)written


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