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Young Planners Working Group Planning and territorial cohesion. Lille metropolis area cohesion. Third phase of Workshop: SWOT analysis. French team june 2012. SWOT analysis. Analysis of each item Governance Mobility Housing ( coming soon : economic !).

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lille metropolis area cohesion

Young Planners Working Group

Planning and territorial cohesion

Lille metropolis area cohesion

Third phase of Workshop: SWOT analysis


june 2012

swot analysis
SWOT analysis
  • Analysis of each item
    • Governance
    • Mobility
    • Housing
    • (comingsoon : economic !)
local governance between the administrative division and the metropolitan polarization
Local Governance: between the administrative division and the metropolitanpolarization

Reminder: in France, intercommunal cooperation structures have not local government, they are cooperation structures

  • The MLA is not an administrative or planning entity
  • An association providing good practices, a study area to support the metropolitan dynamism
  • The democratic process tend to justify the classic administrative entities
  • No policy maker is elected to conduct Lille Metropolis or MLA, the citizens may find the policies a bit technocratic or incomprehensible.
  • Administration and planning, two warring brothers ?
  • A legal process in favour metropolitan planning but an administration that will not disappear
planning as a key factor to enhance local dynamism
Planning as a key factor to enhance local dynamism
  • SCOT (coherent territorial plan): ties together the various public urban planning policies

A kind of large scale masterplan providing objectives in attempt to guarantee territory cohesion through sectorial policies

  • The local urbanism plan (PLU) at a communal regulatory level

Lille Metropolis’ PLU is made at an intercommunal level

  • Cooperation beyond boundaries
      • Planning and development agency of Lille Metropolis and Coalfield Mission conducting studies for AML
      • Commercial chambers concerting economic world
      • Stakeholders meeting in Grand Lille Committee
  • Toward planning supported by AML ?
mobility and main infrastructures
Mobility and main infrastructures
    • LMA is particularly well placed on the north-european high-speed train netwok
        • Eurallile district as a symbol of Lille as triangle center of Brussels/London/Paris
        • High-speed train-plane relationship via Paris or Brussels Airport improve area accessibility
          • Lille Airport isn’t efficient due to accessibility to this two airports and railway network
    • Regional railway network is quite efficient but a lake of links between LMA french and belgium regions
        • RET-GV : using high-speed trains to intern transportation is a cohesion factor…and also is too expensive
mobility and main infrastructures1
Mobility and main infrastructures
  • LMA is a hub for freight :
    • Easy acces to northern range of sea ports
      • (like Antwerp, Rotterdam,..)
    • Array of waterway, road and rail services
        • Delta 3 Dourges hub
        • North seine europe canal in 2017
    • Interface of motorways
    • Traffic congestion around Lille due to :
        • Many people and goods
        • Urban developments where car is needed each day
    • Need to develop offer(bus and tram-train routes)
    • Try to facilitate mobility :
        • New hubs
        • Combined prices
  • Inside a territory of cohesion, the residentialmobility must be possible sothat a feeling of commonidentityexists and sothat do not developsectorshollow of a territorial cohesion on a widerterritory.
  • Weshall observe the sectorswhere the housing stock presentsspecificities susceptible to reveal a defect of territorial cohesion.
    • The constitution of the housing stock:
        • smallhousing in city center and bighousing in periphery. This factdetermines on the French part more than on the Belgian part the choices of residentiallocalization of the residents, according to theirage.
        • On this point, an interview with a propertydevelopercould let us understand the logics of construction whichtakes to thisspecialization.
    • The state of the housing stock:
        • wecan observe a deterioration of housing on someoldworkerresidential areas. In the centers-city of the UrbanCommunity of Lille, bighousingexist, but because of their state they are unhabited.
        • An interview with an association whichworks in urbanregenerationthenwith the UrbanCommunity of Lille couldallow us to know the means and the actorsimplied in the answer to thisphenomenon.
    • The price of housing:
        • according to places, the prices of housings are verydiversified.
        • An interview with a social sociallessorcouldallow us to understand the possibilities of rebalancing of the offer of housing.
    • The localization of housing and the access to the services and to the jobs:
        • big infrastructures of transport keepsomeresidential areas at a distance. Thesesame infrastructures connectresidential areas in pole of jobs.
        • An analysis of the territorywill have to allow us to understandthis point.
  • The disparities of territoriesseemless important on the Belgian part. Theyseemparticularly important inside of the territory of the UrbanCommunity of Lille. It isalso the mosturbanterritory of the metropolitan Area of Lille.