the tragedy of romeo and juliet
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The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet

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The Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet. William Shakespeare. DIALOGUE. The conversation between characters Provides the substance of a play Can further the plot Provide clues about character or theme (indirect characterization) Heighten the overall dramatic effect. STAGE DIRECTIONS.

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  • The conversation between characters
    • Provides the substance of a play
      • Can further the plot
      • Provide clues about character or theme (indirect characterization)
      • Heighten the overall dramatic effect
stage directions
  • The written instructions that explain how to perform a play
  • Stage directions contain crucial information that will help you visualize the action
    • Includes how the characters should look, speak, move, and behave
    • Stage directions can also specify details of the setting and scenery
    • Usually written in italics & within parentheses
  • Establishes the setting
  • Introduces main characters
  • Explains background
  • Introduces character’s main conflict
  • Spoken by the chorus
  • During the Elizabethan era in England, the chorus was portrayed by one actor
    • Spoke the prologue and epilogue to the play
    • Spoke directly to the audience
  • Establishes the setting and the characters
  • Introduces the conflict
rising action
Rising Action
  • Consists of a series of complications
  • These occur as the main characters take action to resolve their problems
  • Turning point
  • Moment when a choice is made by the main character
  • Determines the direction of the action
  • Dramatic and tense moment when the forces of conflict come together
falling action
Falling Action
  • Presents events that result from the action taken at the turning point
  • Usually lock the characters deeper and deeper into disaster
  • Occurs at the end of the play
  • Usually ends in tragedy with the death of the main characters
  • Play ends with the resolution immediately follows & ties up the loose ends of the play
  • A play in which the main character suffers a downfall
  • In most tragedies, the main characters are in some ways responsible for their downfall
    • Tragic hero
    • Tragic Flaw
aristotle s six elements of tragedy
Aristotle’s Six Elements of Tragedy
  • Plot
  • Diction/Language/Dialogue
  • Music/Rhythm
  • Theme
  • Spectacle
  • Character
elements of tragedy plot
Elements of Tragedy: Plot
  • Plot: what happens in a play
elements of tragedy
Elements of Tragedy
  • Diction/Language/Dialogue
    • The playwrights’ word choices and the actor’s enunciation while delivering the lines
elements of tragedy16
Elements of Tragedy
  • Music/Rhythm
    • Not music as we think of it, but rather the sound, rhythm, and melody of the speeches
elements of tragedy17
Elements of Tragedy
  • Theme:
    • What a play means, as opposed to what happens
elements of tragedy18
Elements of Tragedy
  • Spectacle
    • the scenery, costumes, and special effects in a play
elements of tragedy19
Elements of Tragedy
  • Character
    • The person an actor represents in a play
romeo and juliet
Romeo and Juliet
  • Romeo and Juliet is based on a long narrative poem by Arthur Brooke
    • Published in 1562
    • Based on popular Italian stories
romeo and juliet21
Romeo and Juliet
  • Romeo was a very young man
  • Juliet was a 14-year-old girl
  • They fall in love at first sight
  • Caught up in an idealized, almost unreal, passionate love
  • In-love with love
star crossed lovers
Star-crossed lovers
  • Shakespeare presents Romeo and Juliet as “star-crossed lovers”
  • Doomed to disaster by fate
  • In Shakespeare’s time, they believed in astrology
  • (Zodiac signs)
  • More than mere victims of fate
  • Romeo and Juliet make decisions that lead to their disaster