Freshwater fish of the northern u s canada
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Freshwater Fish of the Northern U.S. & Canada. Joel Berry Topic # 1164 E. Freshwater Fish of the Northern U.S. & Canada. Key Focus Points. Correctly identify 7 species of fish Know 2-3 distinctive traits of each fish Correctly label the anatomy of a fish.

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Key focus points
Key Focus Points

  • Correctly identify 7 species of fish

  • Know 2-3 distinctive traits of each fish

  • Correctly label the anatomy of a fish



Catfish
CATFISH

  • Binomial Name: Ictalurus punctatus

  • Native Range: From Canada to Mexico

  • Habitat: Catfish prefer deep rivers and lakes.

  • www.eopb.org


Catfish1
CATFISH

  • Food Choice: Catfish are considered scavengers that eat mostly animal matter.

  • Catfish are identifiable by their; barbels that are often called “whiskers”, thick skin instead of scales, and bony spines found near each gill plate and one located on the back.

  • www.xanga.com


Largemouth bass
LARGEMOUTH BASS

  • Binomial Name: Micropterus salmoides

  • Native Range: Eastern United States and Canada

  • Habitat: Quiet lakes and ponds with plenty of aquatic plant life

  • www.krisweb.com


Largemouth bass1
LARGEMOUTH BASS

  • Food Choice: Bass prey mainly on aquatic animal such as minnows.

  • Largemouth Bass are identifiable by the large horizontal black line down its side and for the jaw that extends beyond the eye.

  • www.droppinaline.com


Smallmouth bass
SMALLMOUTH BASS

  • Binomial Name: Micropterus dolomieu

  • Native Range: Southern Canada to the Central United States

  • Habitat: clean flowing streams and shallow lakes

  • www.wdaweb.com


Smallmouth bass1
SMALLMOUTH BASS

  • Food Choice: Like its close relative the largemouth, the smallmouth feeds on small fish.

  • Smallmouth can be identified by their brownish color and yellowish green color sides

  • www.dnrec.state.de.us


Walleye
WALLEYE

  • Binomial Name: Stizostedion vitreum

  • Native Range: Canada and the Central U.S.

  • Habitat: rivers, lakes, and pools that are clear and have brushy banks

  • www.gov.mb.ca


Walleye1
WALLEYE

  • Food Choice: most often includes minnows and small perch

  • Walleye can be distinguished by their amazing night vision. The tapetum lucidum is a light gathering tissue that allows walleye to hunt their prey at night.

  • www.wildlifedepartment.com


Perch
PERCH

  • Binomial Name: Perca flavescens

  • Native Range: Canada to Northeastern U.S.

  • Habitat: ponds, lakes, rivers, and deep pools

  • www.assabetriver.org


Perch1
PERCH

  • Food Choice: Perch feed mostly on aquatic insects and small minnows.

  • Perch are fairly smaller in size averaging only 4-10” and have vertical bars down their sides.

  • www.canadianbiodiversity.mcgill.ca


PIKE

  • Binomial Name: Esox lucius

  • Native Range: most of the continental U.S., Canada, and into Alaska

  • Habitat: marshes, ponds, rivers, and lakes, that have heavy vegetation

  • www.wdaweb.com


PIKE

  • Food Choice: Pike prey mainly on other fish including other pike.

  • Pike can be identified by their sleek body that is built for speed and massive jaws that can swallow prey whole.

  • cwr.ucdavis.edu


Bluegill
BLUEGILL

  • Binomial Name: Lepomis macrochirus

  • Native Range: Canada to Mexico

  • Habitat: ponds, swamps, lakes, and pools with heavy vegetation

  • www.ligtel.com


Bluegill1
BLUEGILL

  • Food Choice: Bluegills feed mainly on aquatic vegetation and fry

  • Bluegills have an elaborate mating ritual and are often referred to as “panfish”.

  • www.kentuckyawake.org


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • While these fish coexist in the same habitats they demonstrate amazing diversity within themselves.

  • Continue on from this lecture by further investigation of distinguishing traits.

  • *Hint* - practice labeling the anatomy of the fish


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