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Freshwater Fish of the Northern U.S. & Canada. Joel Berry Topic # 1164 E. Freshwater Fish of the Northern U.S. & Canada. Key Focus Points. Correctly identify 7 species of fish Know 2-3 distinctive traits of each fish Correctly label the anatomy of a fish.

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key focus points
Key Focus Points
  • Correctly identify 7 species of fish
  • Know 2-3 distinctive traits of each fish
  • Correctly label the anatomy of a fish
catfish
CATFISH
  • Binomial Name: Ictalurus punctatus
  • Native Range: From Canada to Mexico
  • Habitat: Catfish prefer deep rivers and lakes.
  • www.eopb.org
catfish1
CATFISH
  • Food Choice: Catfish are considered scavengers that eat mostly animal matter.
  • Catfish are identifiable by their; barbels that are often called “whiskers”, thick skin instead of scales, and bony spines found near each gill plate and one located on the back.
  • www.xanga.com
largemouth bass
LARGEMOUTH BASS
  • Binomial Name: Micropterus salmoides
  • Native Range: Eastern United States and Canada
  • Habitat: Quiet lakes and ponds with plenty of aquatic plant life
  • www.krisweb.com
largemouth bass1
LARGEMOUTH BASS
  • Food Choice: Bass prey mainly on aquatic animal such as minnows.
  • Largemouth Bass are identifiable by the large horizontal black line down its side and for the jaw that extends beyond the eye.
  • www.droppinaline.com
smallmouth bass
SMALLMOUTH BASS
  • Binomial Name: Micropterus dolomieu
  • Native Range: Southern Canada to the Central United States
  • Habitat: clean flowing streams and shallow lakes
  • www.wdaweb.com
smallmouth bass1
SMALLMOUTH BASS
  • Food Choice: Like its close relative the largemouth, the smallmouth feeds on small fish.
  • Smallmouth can be identified by their brownish color and yellowish green color sides
  • www.dnrec.state.de.us
walleye
WALLEYE
  • Binomial Name: Stizostedion vitreum
  • Native Range: Canada and the Central U.S.
  • Habitat: rivers, lakes, and pools that are clear and have brushy banks
  • www.gov.mb.ca
walleye1
WALLEYE
  • Food Choice: most often includes minnows and small perch
  • Walleye can be distinguished by their amazing night vision. The tapetum lucidum is a light gathering tissue that allows walleye to hunt their prey at night.
  • www.wildlifedepartment.com
perch
PERCH
  • Binomial Name: Perca flavescens
  • Native Range: Canada to Northeastern U.S.
  • Habitat: ponds, lakes, rivers, and deep pools
  • www.assabetriver.org
perch1
PERCH
  • Food Choice: Perch feed mostly on aquatic insects and small minnows.
  • Perch are fairly smaller in size averaging only 4-10” and have vertical bars down their sides.
  • www.canadianbiodiversity.mcgill.ca
slide15
PIKE
  • Binomial Name: Esox lucius
  • Native Range: most of the continental U.S., Canada, and into Alaska
  • Habitat: marshes, ponds, rivers, and lakes, that have heavy vegetation
  • www.wdaweb.com
slide16
PIKE
  • Food Choice: Pike prey mainly on other fish including other pike.
  • Pike can be identified by their sleek body that is built for speed and massive jaws that can swallow prey whole.
  • cwr.ucdavis.edu
bluegill
BLUEGILL
  • Binomial Name: Lepomis macrochirus
  • Native Range: Canada to Mexico
  • Habitat: ponds, swamps, lakes, and pools with heavy vegetation
  • www.ligtel.com
bluegill1
BLUEGILL
  • Food Choice: Bluegills feed mainly on aquatic vegetation and fry
  • Bluegills have an elaborate mating ritual and are often referred to as “panfish”.
  • www.kentuckyawake.org
conclusion
Conclusion
  • While these fish coexist in the same habitats they demonstrate amazing diversity within themselves.
  • Continue on from this lecture by further investigation of distinguishing traits.
  • *Hint* - practice labeling the anatomy of the fish
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