Jordan Hejaz Railway. Reality & Aspiration. Dr.A.MALKAWI. Deputy General Director. Jordan Hejaz Railway. 1. Eskisehir,17-21 June 2013. Presentation Layout: Introduction. Jordan Hejaz Railway Corporation. Plans and Aspirations of JHR. 3.
Reality & Aspiration
Deputy General Director
Jordan Hejaz Railway
Eskisehir,17-21 June 2013
in the field of transport . The leaders of the Arab countries
took strategic decision in linking all Arab countries with
railway. we look forward to the day when Arab world will
connect with Europe via Jordan, Syria, Turkey and in the
end with Europe with a modern rail system with
Although I will talk to you today about the oldest railway
line from history of the Arab region, which have
been established 112 years ago in 1900 of the last
century that the Hejaz railway, which represents an era of
our history and might the latest revolution in the transport
sector at that time.
countries with large area and sprawling.
Taking into account the pillar of Hajj in Islam, and
overcome all the difficulties that were exposed to the
pilgrims, Sultan Abdul Hamid in September 1900 (June
first 1317 AH) has started work on a project to establish a
railway up to the Hejaz, during the celebration of the
twenty-fifth anniversary of his accession to the throne.
Sultan Abdul Hamid appeal to all Muslim countries and Muslims all over
the world to raise funds to Hejaz rail way project construction, in order to
facilitate the transfer of Muslim pilgrims to the Holy Land in Hejaz/
Saudi Arabia. all Muslim countries at that time support Sultan Abdul
Hamid in the construction of HR which was (narrow (105 cm) weight of
a central (10.5 tons)), with total long (1303) km, the project was
completed in 1908. The maximum speed was 40 km / h while the normal
speed was 25 km / h for pilgrims trips.
Estimated cost of the project about five million Muslims all over
Ottoman gold liras which provided from:
2- Revenues of the Ottoman Empire:
- Sale of stamps
- Phosphate near Salt.
- Mineral water in Hamma area in Jordan.
3. Ottoman government impose a special tax for HR .
The following factors reduced the expenses of Muslims all over
1- The use of military personnel in the project
2- The participation of many volunteers in the
3- Donated materials from adjacent areas of the line .
The project also faced many difficulties: Muslims all over
1- Attacks of the southern Bedouin who opposed the project
2- High temperatures.
3- Diseases that affect the workers.
4- Lack of water sources.
5- The difficulty of transporting materials to the project
The total number of HR stations are 59, starting from Muslims all over
Al- Kadam station in Damascus up to the last station
in Al-Madina Al- Munawara city with total length
(1302.5)KM , and the length of the JH section in
Jordan about (452).
The number of steam locomotives (130) and
passenger vehicles (116) The baggage and mail cars
(35) and one mosque vehicle and truck (1048) trucks
of various types.
The line have been worked for seven years (1908-1914), the Muslims all over
highest number of passengers was transferred are (360 657) in
1914 (1332 AH) and the largest amount of goods that were
transported (112 007) tons in 1913 (1331 AH), and the trains were
moving at a rate (3) trains a week note that the maximum power
line 10 trains.
Successive administrations to manage the line following Muslims all over
- Administration of Turkey: From 1900 to 1917AD
- Administration of the Government of the British Mandate over
Palestine represented in the management of railways in Palestine
until 1948 (1367 AH).
- Jordan Arab Army from 1948 until 1950 (1367-1369 H).
- In 1952 (1371 AH) Jordan Hejaz Railway corporation (JHR)
was established and still up to these days responsible of manage
and invest property of HR within the territory of Jordan.
Jordan Hijaz Railway Corporation (1367-1371
Jordan Hejaz railway corporation was established under
Jordanian Law No. (23) in 1952 AD (1371 AH), and
entrusted with the task of investing the Hejaz railway
property located within the territory of the Hashemite
Kingdom of Jordan from the Jordanian-Syrian border in
the north up to Al-Mudawara station in the south of
- Investment of the assets of JHR.
- Reserve the heritage of JHR .
comfortable tourism by train and increase revenues from
JHR investments , and preserve the heritage.
- Transporting goods and passengers from Jordan to Syria
and vice versa.
- Highlight the institution as befits its history linked on
- Management and investment property JHR.
- Strengthening the national economy by contributing to
the service of the transport sector for exports and imports.
Following stations are spread (1367-1371
Al-Mafraq, Khirbet Al-Samra, Al-
Zarqa, Amman, Al- Qaser, Al-
Lubban, Al-Gizah, Dabba,
Khan Al- Zabib, Swaqah,
Al-Qatraneh, Al-Manzel, Al-Hasa,
Jurf Al-Darawish, Onaizah,
Jerdan, Maan, Bear Shideah,
Baten Al-Ghoul, Mudawarah.
Khirbet Al-Samra (1367-1371
Al- Jizah (1367-1371
Jurf Al- Darawish (1367-1371
of the public by various categories of trains, diesel and steam
through the reconstruction of locomotives and passenger
coaches and wagons for goods.
- Maintain of railway infrastructure from north of Jordan up
to south to insure the safe movement of trains .
marketing to the private sector for the establishment of
centers of attraction of the tourist hotels, restaurants and
- Restoration and expansion of the railway museum in
Amman station to reflect the history and heritage of Hijaz
line to be a center of attraction for foreign and domestic
institution in connection with establishment of the
Association of Friends of Hejaz railway to promote
awareness and culture of the role and importance of the
Hejaz railway in Jordanian society
- JHR and some of cement factories in Jordan studying a
possibility of the transfer cement to a number of cities
within Jordan and to Syria
areas of the capital and tourist areas in the Jordan as train
Railway Corporation for interested in the tourism sector,
investors, businessmen and various institutions to
participate in JHR investment and to highlight the
important heritage of the Hejaz railway and historical
[email protected] demands