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Bellringer. Please complete the thesis and paragraphs sheet on Hinduism and Buddhism that you picked up at the front door. This is to be done individually! You have 8 minutes. BJOTD: What do you feed an invisible cat?. The Geography and Early Cultures of Ancient Greece. Geography.

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  • Please complete the thesis and paragraphs sheet on Hinduism and Buddhism that you picked up at the front door.
  • This is to be done individually!
  • You have 8 minutes.
  • BJOTD: What do you feed an invisible cat?
  • Mainland Greece is very mountainous
    • Affected Greece by splitting it into different regions which
      • Helped city-states gain individuality
      • Hindered their ability to work together
      • Each city-state thought it was better than others
    • Limited amount of farmland
      • Led to the Greeks colonizing new lands for farming

Two Major Peninsulas

    • Balkan and Peloponnesus
  • Varied Waterways
    • Dardanelles
      • Strait that connects the Aegean Sea to the Black Sea
      • Strait: thin area of water connecting two other waterways

Seas and Waterways affected Greece

    • Causing them to trade primarily by water
      • Profitable trade through Mediterranean, Aegean, and Ionian Seas
      • Made Greeks great sailors with a strong navy
    • Waterways connected Greeks to Italy, Egypt
      • Harbors kept boats safe overnight

Moderate Temperatures

    • 48° F in the Winter and 80° F in the Summer allowed the Greeks to have an outdoor life
processing map
Processing: Map
  • Complete the map using the book and your groupmates. You have 10 minutes to do this.
the early people of greece
The Early People of Greece
  • Minoans
  • Mycenaeans ruled from 2000 BCE-1200 BCE
      • Location: Greece and Crete
      • Cities included Athens and were ruled by kings (monarchy)
    • Trojan War weakens Mycenaens and causes collapse
trojan war
Trojan War
  • 1200 BCE: Mycenaean Kings fought 10 year war against Troy (located in Anatolia)
  • According to legend, Paris, a Prince of Troy, stole Helen, the wife of a Mycenaean King , away starting the war
  • Dorians move in after Mycenaeans
    • Less advanced--little writing
      • Because the Dorians lost the skill of writing, the Greeks learned about the Trojan War through oral traditions
    • After Dorians, Greeks split into city-states
greek religion and mythology
Greek Religion and Mythology
  • Polytheistic
  • Mythology had 3 purposes:
    • Explaining natural phenomena (Storms, thunder, lightning, etc)
    • Explaining human qualities (speed, knowledge, strength, sight, etc)
    • Explaining life events (births, deaths, marriages, etc. )
  • Greek gods spread to Rome and can still be seen in everyday life
    • Literature, art, monuments, politics, architecture
mythology in the world today
Mythology in the World Today
major greek gods goddesses
Major Greek Gods & Goddesses
  • Zeus- King of the Gods, lives on Mt. Olympus
    • God of thunder and the sky
  • Hera- wife of Zeus
    • Goddess of marriage and birth
  • Aphrodite- goddess of love and beauty
major greek gods goddesses1
Major Greek Gods & Goddesses
  • Artemis- goddess of the hunt
  • Apollo- god of medicine, sun, poetry, healing, music
  • Athena- goddess of wisdom and war
    • Patron god of Athens
  • Why were oral traditions so important to the early Greeks?
  • Do you think oral traditions or written records are more accurate? Why or why not?
early cities
Early Cities
  • Early cities focused on two ideas:
    • Promoting civic participation
      • Getting people (free adult men) involved in decisions of city
    • Promoting commercial/business life
      • Getting people to trade products/ideas
  • City-states known as polis
    • Polis: city and surrounding countryside
      • Ex—Washington DC and its suburbs
    • Agora: city center—like business district
    • Acropolis: fortified (protected) area of city
      • Not all had one
      • Some cities put agora in acropolis


    • Place for discussion and trade
    • Men met for food, clothes, ideas
    • Women rarely seen
  • Acropolis:
    • Used for protection and as a sign of power
    • Made it easy to see oncoming attackers
    • Place for royalty, women, and children to hide during war
athenian acropolis
Athenian Acropolis
  • Fortified hilltop for protection
    • Walls are the mountain its built on—marble
  • How did Greek mythology help the Greeks explain their everyday lives and the world around them?
  • What impact did Greek mythology have on the world after the Greeks were gone?