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Dr. Friedemann Kunst Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung Berlin. Environment and Mobility Planning Berlin´s Environmental Zone IMPACTS Europe 11 th Conference in London, 28-30 March 2007. 1. Introduction - Environmental zone in the political discussion.

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Dr. Friedemann Kunst Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung Berlin

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Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

Dr. Friedemann KunstSenatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung Berlin

Environment and MobilityPlanning Berlin´s Environmental ZoneIMPACTS Europe11th Conference in London, 28-30 March 2007


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

1. Introduction

- Environmental zone in the political discussion


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

Fig. 1: Environmental Zone in the political discussion


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

1. Introduction

- Environmental zone in the political discussion

- different problems – various solutions

- Clean air: part of the wider subject „quality of life in cities“


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

Fig. 2: Inner city – area worth living in


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

  • Introduction

  • - Environmental zone in the political discussion

  • - different problems – various solutions

  • - Clean air: part of the wider subject „quality of life in cities“

- Efficient decrease in air pollutants requires an integrative approach


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

2. The initial situation in Berlin

- Good traffic conditions, but much through traffic in the historical centre


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

Fig 3: Through traffic in the historical centre


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

2. The initial situation in Berlin

- Good traffic conditions, but much through traffic in the historical centre

- Comprehensive decrease in air pollutions achieved as yet


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

Fig. 4: Decrease in air pollutants

Tonnen

60000

50000

50000

40000

30000

21000

20000

10000

10000

6000

3500

1400

0

1990

2005

1990

2005

1990

2005

Stickoxide

Feinstaub PM10

Kohlenwasserstoffe


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

2. The initial situation in Berlin

- Good traffic conditions, but much through traffic in the historical centre

- Comprehensive decrease in air pollutions achieved as yet

- But: compared to standard values degree of successful decrease by far insufficient


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

Fig. 5: PM 10 pollution above standard values


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

2. The initial situation in Berlin

- Good traffic conditions, but much through traffic in the historical centre

- Comprehensive decrease in air pollutions achieved as yet

- But: compared to standard values degree of successful decrease by far insufficient

- Moreover: problems of road safety, motorised traffic with too much speed, high noise pollution


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

3. Response: Planning scheme

- Three pillars of inner city strategy defined by transport policy

  • To further public transport, to encourage the use of bicycles in traffic


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

Fig. 6: Bicycle promotion during the World Cup


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

Fig. 7: Raising use of bicycles


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

3. Response: Planning scheme

- Three pillars of inner city strategy defined by transport policy

  • To further public transport, to encourage the use of bicycles in traffic

  • Strict on-street parking control


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

Fig. 8: parking area under on-street control


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

3. Response: Planning scheme

- Three pillars of inner city strategy defined by transport policy

  • To further public transport, to encourage the use of bicycles in traffic

  • Strict on-street parking control

  • Redirecting inner-city trough traffic


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

Fig. 9: Schematic redirecion of innercity through traffic


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

3. Response: Planning scheme

- Three pillars of inner city strategy defined by transport policy

  • To further public transport, to encourage the use of bicycles in traffic

  • Strict on-street parking control

  • Redirecting inner-city trough traffic

- Additional strategies as regards road safety, decrease in air pollutants, in noise based on traffic planning

- Example: three starting points for the „clean air and action plan“

- „Environmental zone“ part of a package of measures


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

4. Environmental zone: Objectives and implementation (I.)

- Objective: short to medium-term decrease through ban on high-polluting cars in the inner city, a higher rate of fleet changeover as from phase !

- As of 1.1.2008 – phase I: primarily a decrease in PM 10, at present approx. 90,000 cars involved (of around 1.3 m)

- As of 1.1.2010 – phase II: also decrease in NO2 , in addition around 35,000 cars

- As for purchase of new cars both air pollutants are to be considered!


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

4. Environmental zone: Objectives and implementation (II.)

- Environmental zone: 80 sqkm with clear bounds as to its surface area


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

Fig. 10: Comparison of restricted inner city areas

Berlin (Environmental Zone 2008)

London

Stockholm

Rom

ca. 5 km²

ca. 32 km²

ca. 64 km²

ca. 88 km²


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

4. Environmental zone: Objectives and implementation (II.)

- Environmental zone: 80 sqkm with clear bounds as to its surface area

- Arrangements well underway

  • National Ordinance defines badges in three categories


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

Fig. 11: Badges indicating pollution levels


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

4. Environmental zone: Objectives and implementation (II.)

- Environmental zone: 80 sqkm with clear bounds as to its surface area

- Arrangements well underway

  • National Ordinance defines badges in three categories

  • As of 1.1.2008 red/yellow/green badges only allowed in the inner city

  • limited exemptions

  • 40 € administrative fine in case of violation


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

5. Conclusion

- Environmental zone is one building stone of an integrated urban/transport/environmental policy

- Degree of efficient decrease at the “source” – the car –is limited, hence “RSC – Initiative”


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

Fig. 12: Berlins RSC-Initiative


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

5. Conclusion

- Environmental zone is on building stone of an integrated urban/transport/environmental policy

- Degree of efficient decrease at the “source” – the car –is limited, hence “RSC – Initiative”

- Initiative within the context of the EU “Green paper - consultation”


Dr friedemann kunst senatsverwaltung f r stadtentwicklung berlin

Thank you for your attention

Further information:

www.stadtentwicklung.berlin.de


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