Industry and The North 1790-1840. Chapter 12. Rural Life & the Family Labor System. The Springer Family. Yeomen existence Sold dairy products, wool, livestock Raised crops for family use and commercial sale Local bartering network and mutual obligation – little to no cash
The Springer Family
Shoemaking example but also occurred when making other goods.
Not uniform across the country – gradual change
What Jefferson wanted to avoid
British wanted to protect their technology and didn’t allow written plans so Slater had to memorize the entire factory works in his head while on a tour.
Francis Cabot Lowell
Mill provide foundation for school schedule we still use today.
Girls ages 15 – 21 sent money home to farm family
Influx of immigrants will cause friction between early mill workers and the immigrants
Eli Whitney and others developed this
Could break task into smaller parts and have unskilled women and children do the work formerly done by artisans
Had to work to pace of the machine
Not always safe
Workers felt their interests were different from those of their employers and moved to new jobs
Women played a role in early labor protests since they were often working in the textile mills.
Needed managers and clerks in factories
New jobs for those looking to advance in life
Evangelism became the religion of the new middle class
Men were seen as steady, industrious, responsible
Women were seen as nurturing, gentle, and moral
Birth control, abstinence, abortion
Family all contributed to the success of the husband
Good Old Days!!
Walden Pond – so visited by Thoreau fans that at one point it had the highest urine content of any body of water in the U.S.