Funding your college education financial aid 101
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Funding Your College Education: Financial Aid 101. Presenter: Sandra Hanley Advisor Lake/Geauga Educational Assistance Foundation. Agenda. What is Financial Aid? What are the types and sources of Financial Aid? How do colleges award Financial Aid? What is the Financial Aid process?

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Funding Your College Education: Financial Aid 101

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Funding your college education financial aid 101

Funding Your College Education:Financial Aid 101

Presenter: Sandra Hanley Advisor

Lake/Geauga Educational Assistance Foundation


Agenda

Agenda

  • What is Financial Aid?

  • What are the types and sources of Financial Aid?

  • How do colleges award Financial Aid?

  • What is the Financial Aid process?

  • What if my family’s financial situation has changed?

  • How do you find scholarships?


What is financial aid

What is Financial Aid?

Any funds provided to students and families to help pay for college expenses.

May be awarded from:

Federal Government

State Government

College

Private Sources

LOANS ARE CONSIDERED FINANCIAL AID!!!


Two types of financial aid

Two Types of Financial Aid…

Gift Aid

Funds which do not need to be repaid

Example:

Grants

Scholarships

Self-Help Aid

Funds which must be repaid or earned

Example:

Loans

Work Study


Colleges award aid based on

Colleges Award Aid Based on…

Merit

Based on GPA and/or ACT/SAT test scores, special talents, athletic abilities, Leadership/service

Usually notified after accepted for admission

Financial Need

Cost of Attendance - EFC = Financial Need

Tuition and Fees

Room and Board

Books and Supplies

Transportation

Miscellaneous Expenses


Financial need varies based on the college s cost of attendance

Financial Need Varies Based on the College’s Cost of Attendance


Expected family contribution efc

Expected Family Contribution (EFC)

Parental Income

Parental Assets (excluding retirement accounts and primary residence)

Age of Older Parent

Family Size

Number in College

Student Income

Student Assets

EFC is calculated when the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) is submitted by the student.

EFC Factors:


Efc tells the college s financial aid office

EFC Tells the College’s Financial Aid Office…

…It does not indicate what the student will owe.

State

EFC

Institutional

Federal

EFC tells a Financial Aid Office what a student is eligible for in Federal, State and institutional monies…


Free application for federal student aid fafsa www fafsa gov

Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) www.fafsa.gov

Collects information from the family and is used to calculate the student’s Expected Family Contribution (EFC)

Cannot be completed until 1/01/14

Uses tax information from 2013

Estimate taxes if deadlines need to be met!

Must be filed every year

Some processed FAFSA’s may be selected for a process called Verification

Beware of sites and companies that charge to file the FAFSA!


Application tips

Application Tips

  • Be aware of DEADLINES!!! Check college’s Financial Aid Website for more information

  • Get a PIN for the student and one parent whose information will be on the FAFSA www.pin.ed.gov


Application tips continued

Application Tips Continued

  • File the FAFSA on-line: www.fafsa.gov

  • Submit supplemental applications (like the CSS Profile) if necessary

  • Think before you spend money on financial aid consultants, scholarship search companies!

  • GET YOUR STUDENT INVOLVED!!!


Paperwork needed to complete the fafsa

Paperwork/information needed from parent(s) and student:

2013 W2 Forms

2013 1040s’

Social Security Numbers

Asset information

Examples:

Stocks

Bonds

Mutual Funds

Rental Property

Savings Account

Checking Account

529 Plans

Untaxed Income

Disability

Unemployment

Contributions to a retirement plan

Not included:

Social Security Income

Social Security Disability

Business Value if under 100 employees

Retirement Fund Values ($ paid into an account is considered untaxed income)

Download a FAFSA on the Web worksheet from www.fafsa.gov

Paperwork Needed to Complete the FAFSA


Irs data retrieval

IRS Data Retrieval

  • Available in February 2014

  • Recommended way to provide tax information on the FAFSA

  • Parent and student must have a PIN

  • Taxes will be available for download from the IRS 2 weeks after filing electronically or 5-8 weeks if filing by paper.

  • Meet deadlines! Estimate taxes if necessary and do corrections with data retrieval.

  • Parents/students who do data retrieval will not have tax information selected for verification. (Other information may be selected.)


After filing the fafsa

After Filing the FAFSA…

  • Watch for the Student Aid Report (SAR)

    • If the student’s e-mail is on the FAFSA the SAR will be e-mailed to the student.

  • Is the student selected for Verification?

    • Notified on the SAR or institution may select

    • If eligible for the Pell Grant, student will be selected

    • To verify tax information, the school will require an IRS Tax Transcript.

      • Request transcript on-line: www.irs.gov

  • Did you receive a Financial Aid Award Letter from the college(s)?

    • Check on-line!!!!

  • Accept/apply for the awards

    • On-line!!! Check the Financial Aid Website or award letter for instructions

  • Watch for the first quarter/semester bill in mid-July


Common fafsa concerns

Common FAFSA Concerns

  • Why is my information on the FAFSA?

    • The FAFSA is an application. Federal regulations dictate that parental information needs to be included until a student meets certain criteria or turns 24.

  • Does putting my information make me liable for college costs?

    • No. The FAFSA is just an application. It does not make you liable for your student’s educational costs.

  • I’m remarried. Why should my spouse’s info be on the FAFSA?

    • Because your spouse is in the student’s household. FAFSA asks about a student’s household in which he/she resides.


My financial situation has changed

My Financial Situation Has Changed…

  • If your financial situation is not reflected accurately on the 2014-2015 FAFSA you can petition the Financial Aid Office to review your situation. The college’s Financial Aid Office has final say on what situation is “Reviewable”.

  • Example of Reviewable Situations

  • Loss of job

  • Reduction of overtime

  • Medical Bills

  • Divorce/Separation

  • Private Elementary or Secondary School Tuition

  • Example of Non-Reviewable Situations

  • Credit Card Bills

  • Mortgage Payments

  • Co-pays for Medical Check-ups

  • Parent Student Loan Payments


Financial aid timeline

Financial Aid Timeline

File the FAFSA

Check Deadlines!

Receive Award Letter

Send in Deposit

Payment Due

Bills Sent

May 1st

Sept

Jan 2014

July

April

June

Aug

Feb

March

  • Bills are sent by semester/quarter

  • Financial aid must be accepted and processed by August

  • If you don’t receive a financial aid award letter by late March your student may be selected for Verification!

  • Colleges are going GREEN! Check for the award letter on-line!


Loans in the student s name

Loans in the Student’s Name

Federal Loans

Alternative/Private Loan

Direct Stafford Loan

Perkins Loan

  • Awarded to neediest students on first-come first-serve basis

  • Interest is subsidized

  • Fixed Interest Rate 5%

  • First year maximum up to: $5500

  • Colleges can award different amounts up to the first year maximum (Campus based aid)

  • Principal repayment starts 9 months after the student graduates or the last date of attendance

  • Non-need based

  • Student:

    • Must pass a credit check

    • Needs a co-signer

  • Variable interest rate (Can be up to 23%)

  • Student can be approved one year and not the next

  • Principal payment can be required while the student is in college

  • Can be:

    • Subsidized (need based, interest subsidized)

    • Unsubsidized (non-need based, interest accumulates)

  • Fixed Interest Rate 3.86%*

  • First year maximum: $5500

  • Principal repayment starts 6 months after the student graduates or the last date of attendance

*2013-2014


Loan in the parent s name

Loan in The Parent’s Name

PLUS Loan

  • The FAFSA must be filed in order to apply!

  • Parent must pass a credit check

    • Does not take debt to income ratio into consideration

  • Fixed interest rate 6.41%*

  • Payments can be deferred until after the student graduates

  • If the parent is denied the student is granted additional unsubsidized Stafford eligibility

*2013-2014


Federal grants

Federal Grants

  • Pell Grant

    • 2013-2014 Maximum $5645

    • Award based on student’s EFC and enrollment

    • For undergraduate students

  • FSEOG

    • Campus Based Aid (First-come-first-serve)

    • College awards to the neediest students

    • Can be up to $4000

  • TEACH Grant

    • For education majors who agree to teach a specific topic (Example: Math, Science, certain foreign languages…)

    • College must participate in the program

    • Students must agree to teach at least 4 years in a low-income school.


State grants

State Grants

  • Ohio College Opportunity Grant (OCOG)

    • Award based on EFC and Enrollment

      • EFC must be 2190 or less

    • Must be enrolled in a 4-year Public or Private college

      • Private College award 2013-2014: $2080

      • Public College award 2013-2014: $920

      • Proprietary College award 2013-2014: $664

  • Other grants include (www.ohiohighered.org)

    • Ohio War Orphans Scholarship

    • Ohio Safety Officers College Memorial Fund


Institutional outside scholarships

Institutional/Outside Scholarships

  • Institutional Monies

    • Differs by institution

    • Check undergraduate catalogue for more information

  • Outside Scholarships

    • Local Scholarships

      • Check the Guidance Office

      • www.leaf-ohio.org

    • National Scholarships

      • Check with the Reference Desk at libraries

      • www.fastweb.com

      • www.collegeboard.org

      • www.collegegold.com

Beware of scholarship scams! Check them out!www.bbb.org


Questions

Questions???

Sandra Hanley

LEAF Advisor

Scheduled Tuesdays:

7:45 am to 12:15 pm

440-352-3341 ext. 4320

[email protected]

LEAF Resource Center

440-358-8045


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