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ROLE PLAYNG INTERROGATORIO. Marco Cannavicci. Tipologia delle fonti. “cooperative and friendly” – scarsa resistenza, risponde liberamente; l’interrogante rischia di allentare il controllo;

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Marco Cannavicci

Tipologia delle fonti

  • “cooperative and friendly” – scarsa resistenza, risponde liberamente; l’interrogante rischia di allentare il controllo;

  • “neutral and nonpartisan” – bassa collaborazione, si limita a rispondere alle domande; l’interrogante deve insistere sugli obiettivi informativi;

  • “hostile and antagonistic” - rifiuta di rispondere e sfida l’interrogante che deve avere self-control, pazienza e tatto (timely)

“the successful interrogator is a skilled professional who is able to rapidly evaluate sources of information and adapt his approach and techniques accordingly”

2. Personal qualities

  • “motivation”

  • “alertness”

  • “patience and tact”

  • “credibility”

  • “objectivity”

  • “self-control”

  • “adaptability”

  • “perseverance”

  • “appearence and demeanor”

  • “initiative”

“The interrogator has a position

of authority over the source.

The source realizes this fact,

in some cases, believes his future

might depend upon his association

with the interrogator.”

Assessing sources


Responds to direct question 1

Responds hesitantly 2

Does not respond3


To possess pertinent informationA

Might have pertinent informationB

Does not appear to have pertinent infoC

a. Planning and preparation

In base alle valutazioni di “collection and screening”:

  • stabilire gli obiettivi informativi

  • preparare la sequenza delle domande

  • ipotizzare il tipo di approccio

  • indicare opportune modalità di gestione logistica della fonte alle guardie (alloggio, cibo, vestiario, …)

b. Approach phase

  • Rapport postures

    • stern posture

    • sympathetic posture

  • Developing rapport

    • smooth transitions

    • sincere and convincing

    • recognize the breaking point


  • Establish and mantain CONTROL over the source and interrogation

  • Establish and mantain RAPPORT between the interrogator and source

  • MANIPULATE the source’s emotions and weaknesses to gain his willing cooperation

Under no circumstances will the interrogator betray surprise at anything the EPW might say. Many EPWs will talk freely if they feel the information they are discussing is already known to the interrogator. If the interrogator acts surprised, the EPW may stop talking immediately.

Approach combinations:

- Direct

- Incentive

- Emotional

- love

- hate

- Increased fear-up

- fear-down

- Pride and ego

- ego-up

- ego-down


  • Futility

  • We know all

  • File and dossier

  • Establish your identity

  • Repetition

  • Rapid fire

  • Silent

  • Change of scene

c. Questioning phase

  • Direct questions

  • Follow-up questions

    • Hot

    • Cold

  • Nonpertinent questions

  • Repeated questions

  • Control questions

  • Prepared questions

Questions to avoid

  • Leading questions

  • Negative questions

  • Compound questions

  • Vague questions

Questioning sequence

  • Map tracking

  • Establish a route

  • Segment and exploit the route

  • Exploit dispositions not on route

  • Recording information

  • Taking notes

    • Using his own notes

    • Using a sound or video recorder

d. Termination phase

  • Reasons for termination

    • La fonte permane non cooperativa

    • La fonte è ferita o ammalata

    • Sono richiesti più periodi di interrogatorio

    • La fonte cambia atteggiamento e l’interrogatore perde il controllo

    • Gli obiettivi informativi sono stati soddisfatti

  • Termination procedures

e. Reporting information

  • compilazione della modulistica allestita per l’inoltro delle informazioni

  • tempestivo inoltro delle informazioni alle sezioni di analisi strategica, operativa o tattica

Interrogare con un interprete

  • sono richiesti tempi maggiori

  • l’interprete va “preparato”

  • vengono mantenute le 5 fasi del processo informativo

  • l’interprete ripete anche le modalità di approccio (pause, tono voce, postura, …)

  • dopo l’interrogatorio, deve essere valutato anche l’interprete

  • Interpretation methods

    • Simultaneous

    • Alternate

  • Interpreter briefing

  • Conduct the interrogation




Marco Cannavicci

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