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Indicators for Educational Planning. ….. all you wanted to know about indicators but were afraid to ask. Why indicators?. More complex education systems Greater need for information-based decision making Transparency in use of funds Targets harder to attain: more diagnosis needed

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Indicators for Educational Planning

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Indicators for educational planning l.jpg

Indicators for Educational Planning

…..all you wanted to know about indicators but were afraid to ask


Why indicators l.jpg

Why indicators?

  • More complex education systems

  • Greater need for information-based decision making

  • Transparency in use of funds

  • Targets harder to attain: more diagnosis needed

  • Monitoring and evaluation more a part of the accountability requirement


How is the information used l.jpg

How is the information used?

  • Political rather than rational imperatives rule (EFA, FTI, Catalytic Funds etc)

  • Need for more accessible information

  • Need to assess the functioning of the education system in all facets

  • Assessment must be easy to interpret

  • Description of the system must be understandable


What do indicators attempt to do l.jpg

What do indicators attempt to do?

  • Show the evolution of the education system

  • Underscore the trends

  • Highlight problems


Defining an indicator l.jpg

Defining an indicator

  • A tool which gives a sense of the state of the education system and reports on that state to the whole community

  • Its characteristics are:

    - its relevance

    - its ability to summarise information

    - its relationship to other indicators

    - its precision and comparability

    - its reliability


The capacity of an indicator l.jpg

The capacity of an indicator

  • Measures how close one is to an objective

  • Identifies problematic situations

  • Meets policy concerns

  • Answers questions regarding policy choices

  • Compares the state of play to a standard or reference value


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How should indicators work?

  • Indicators should work like a control panel or like the warning lights on a car

  • They indicate that there is a problem or that an objective has been fulfilled or is on the way to fulfilment

  • A specialist then addresses the problem

  • An indicator is not a target or an objective

  • It only illustrates progress towards a target

  • It is a signpost not a destination


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The hierarchy of evaluation

  • Goal

  • Purpose

  • Objectives

  • Indicators (OVIs)


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An example from Uganda

Goal: to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of secondary education

Purpose: To improve the quality of teaching and learning of English, maths and science

Outputs: a) TRCs established and functioning

b) In-service teacher education upgrades knowledge and skills

c) Provision of materials

d) Systems for sustainability in place

e) Gender biases addressed in TRCs and in-service teacher education


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What kind of indicators could we construct to measure these outputs?

  • Which are PROCESS issues?

  • Which are PRODUCT/OUTCOME issues?


An example from bangladesh l.jpg

An example from Bangladesh

See the paper from PEDP II –

  • Are you satisfied with the categories of Outcome, System and Process Indicators – all of which come under the (ADB) heading of Key Performance Indicators ?

  • Do these indicators satisfy our criteria of

    relevance, ability to summarise information, relating well to other indicators, precision and comparability, reliability?

  • How does the approach compare with that of Kenya ?


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Per Dalin and his ‘Development Chain’

  • The need to develop indicators for

    The Pilot Phase

    The Implementation Stage

    The Early Institutionalisation Stage

    The Institutionalisation Stage

    The Dissemination Stage


A final word on the log frame l.jpg

A mixed audience of believers and non-believers

The Log Frame apparently offers a technology for evaluation through its structure

Its limitations are – the underlying theory of causation (the output is purely the result of the input), its human capital theoretical basis, its inflexibility in terms of unexpected change, its over-simplification of purpose

A final word on the Log Frame


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