Gamelan
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Chapter Twelve. Gamelan. Map of Indonesia. Gamelan (Indonesian Musical Ensemble). Most Common Ensembles Instruments made of Bronze Instruments made of Bamboo. Basic structural groups of the Gamelan instruments--. Wilah--bars and plates Pencon--gong-like instruments.

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Gamelan

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Gamelan

Chapter Twelve

Gamelan


Map of indonesia

Map of Indonesia


Gamelan indonesian musical ensemble

Gamelan(Indonesian Musical Ensemble)

Most Common Ensembles

  • Instruments made of Bronze

  • Instruments made of Bamboo


Basic structural groups of the gamelan instruments

Basic structural groups of the Gamelan instruments--

  • Wilah--bars and plates

  • Pencon--gong-like instruments


Gamelan

Wilah (bars and plates)


Gamelan

Wilah


Gamelan

Pencon(Knobbed, mostly gongs)


Gamelan

Pencon


Gamelan

Pencon


Wilah

Wilah

  • Gender ––– Bronze metallophone with 10 or more metal bars resting on bamboo resonators , one for each bar--played with disc-shaped wooden mallets.

    • large––– gendergede

    • small––– genderbarangan

  • Saron--- Bronze metallophone with 5-7 metal bars resting over a carved out wooden trough which serves as a pedestal and resonator--played with wooden mallets.

  • Calung--5 metal bars


  • Gamelan

    Gender

    Saron


    Pencon

    Pencon

    • Gong Ageng--largest and deepest suspended gong--starts and ends the complete metric cycle.

    • Kempyang--A very small gong laid over laced cord strung across the opening of a small box, played with a cord-wrapped stick. The kempyang alternates with the ketuk to further subdivide the cycle

    • Ketuk---A small gong laid over cord strung across the opening of a small box, played with a cord-wrapped stick. The ketuk divides the kenong period of the cycle.


    Gamelan

    Gong Ageng and other suspended gongs (kempuls)

    Kempyang and Ketuk


    Other instruments

    Other Instruments

    Flutes

    Ceng-ceng (Cymbals)

    Rebab

    Kendang


    Musical characteristics

    Musical Characteristics

    Scales

    • Slendro--five note scale, dividing the octave into five nearly equal parts

    • Pelog--seven tone scale, although only five of the seven pitches are typically used at one time. ---five and seven note octave causes “shimmering” sound

      Texture

    • Monophonic texture--rarely

    • Heterophonic texture--more than one version of the melody is played at same time--used often

    • Polyphonic texture (kotekan)


    Gamelan music accompanies

    Gamelan Music Accompanies:

    • Religious Functions

    • Ritual Gatherings

    • Temple Festivals

    • Dance Dramas

    • Social Dancing

    • Shadow Puppet Theater (Wayang Kulit)


    Wayang kulit

    Wayang Kulit

    • “Shadow Puppet Theater”

    • Dalang (Puppetmaster/Priest)

    • Based on religious subjects

      • Parables

      • Myths

    • Or current topics of the day

      • Social

      • Political


    Gamelan

    The ancient Indonesian art of shadow play or "Wayang Kulit" is a unique combination of ritual, lesson, and entertainment. Lacy shadow images are projected on a taught linen screen with a coconut oil lamp or electric light. The Dalang, or shadow artist, manipulates carved leather figures between the lamp and the screen to bring the shadows to life.


    Gamelan

    Most shadow play is based on two epic stories from India. The Mahabarata and it's sister work, the Ramayana.


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