Impact of social supports on psychological well being
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Impact of Social Supports on Psychological Well Being. Barbra Bentley Qiana Cryer Danielle Fuller Tessa Mattie Alesha Oesterbo Briana Quinlan. Background and Theory. Definition of fatherhood has shifted. Research tends to be biased. More Research is Needed! For Clarification

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Impact of social supports on psychological well being

Impact of Social Supports on Psychological Well Being

Barbra Bentley

Qiana Cryer

Danielle Fuller

Tessa Mattie

Alesha Oesterbo

Briana Quinlan


Background and theory
Background and Theory

  • Definition of fatherhood has shifted.

  • Research tends to be biased.

  • More Research is Needed!

    • For Clarification

    • Outdated Theory

    • Influence Policy Issues


Background and theory1
Background and Theory

  • Parental Acceptance-Rejection Theory (PARTheory)

    • Children of all cultures require warm parenting

    • 26% of children’s well being is determined by perceived acceptance from caregivers

  • In the African American community, social support, often stems from extended kin


Research question hypothesis
Research Question/Hypothesis

  • It is hypothesized that if a child has a greater level of perceived social support, then their psychological well being will be positively impacted.


Results
Results

  • Sources of Social Support Scale (SOSS)

  • Personality Assessment Questionnaire (PAQ)

  • Cross-sectional design

  • Two-tailed, bivariate Pearson’s correlation


Results1
Results

  • Our results supported our hypothesis.

  • Results yielded a significant correlation ~

    p= .00

  • There was a weak and negative relationship~

    r= -.28


Discussion findings
Discussion ~ Findings

  • Significant relationship between social support and psychological well being.

  • Findings were consistent with the hypothesis.

  • Findings were consistent with theoretical views.


Discussion limitations
Discussion ~ Limitations

  • Cross-sectional Design

  • The Sample

  • Self-reported Data


Discussion implications
Discussion ~ Implications

  • Social Work Practice

  • Theory

  • Increased Research Knowledge Base

  • Policy

  • Program Expansion


References
References

  • Coley, R. L. (2001). (In)visible men: Emerging research on low-income, unmarried, minority fathers. American Psychologist, 56(9), 743-753.

  • Elliott Brown, Karin A., Parker-Dominguez, T., & Sorey, M. (2000). Life stress, social support, and well-being among college-educated african american women. Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 9(1/2), 55-73.

  • Griffin, M. L., Amodeo, M. A., Clay, C., Fassler, I., & Ellis, M. A. (2006). Racial differences in social support: Kin versus friends. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76(3), 374-380.

  • Hamer, J. (2001). What it means to be daddy: Fatherhood for black men living away from their children. (pp. 1-55). New York: Columbia University Press.

  • Koeske, G. F., & Koeske, R. D. (N.D.). The sources of social support scale: Description, utility, and psychometric properties. Unpublished manuscript.

  • Lamb, M. (2000). The history of research on father involvement: An overview. In H. E. Peters, G. W. Perterson, S. K. Steinmetz & R. D. Day (Eds.), Fatherhood: Research, interventions and policies. (). New York: The Hawthorne Press.

  • Lamborn, S. D., & Nguyen, D. T. (2004). African American adolescents' perceptions of family interactions: Kinship support, parent-child relationships, and teen adjustment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 33(6), 547-558.

  • McAdoo, J. L. (1993). The roles of african american fathers: An ecological perspective. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services, 74, 28-35.


References1
References

  • Morgan State University. Facts up front. Retrieved October 8, 2007 from http://www.morgan.edu/about-msu/facts.asp

  • Mosher, C. E., Prelow, H. M., Chen, W. W., & Yackel, M. E. (2006). Coping and social support as mediators of the relation of optimism to depressive symptoms among black college students. Journal of Black Psychology, 32(1), 72-86.

  • Rohner, R. P. (1986). PART's personality theory and its historical antecedents. In, The warmth dimension: Foundations of parental acceptance-rejection theory (pp. 66-87). Beverly Hills, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

  • Rohner, R. P., Kahlique, A., & Cournoyer, D. E. (2007). Parental acceptance-rejection theory, methods, evidence, and implications. Retrieved September 11, 2007 from http://www.cspar.com.uconn.edu

  • Rohner, R. P., & Veneziano, R. A. (2001). The importance of fatherly love: History and contemporary evidence. Review of General Psycology, 5(4), 382-405.

  • Taylor, R. J., Chatters, L. M., Tucker, M. B., & Lewis, E. (1990). Developments in research on black families: A decade review. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 52(4), 993-1014.

  • Taylor, R. D., Casten, R., & Flickinger, S. M. (1993). Influence of kinship social support on the parenting experiences and psychosocial adjustment of african-american adolescents. Developmental psychology, 29(2), 382-388.

  • U.S Department of Health and Human Services. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. Retrieved September 21, 2007 from http://www.acf.dhhs.gov/programs/ofa/prwora96.htm


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