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L imiting the power. Separation of Powers. Each branch has separate powers For example: Congress controls the money The President controls the military The Supreme Court can cancel a bad law (one that goes against the Constitution). Checks and Balances. Congress: can impeach president

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Presentation Transcript
separation of powers
Separation of Powers
  • Each branch has separate powers
  • For example:
    • Congress controls the money
    • The President controls the military
    • The Supreme Court can cancel a bad law (one that goes against the Constitution)
checks and balances
Checks and Balances
  • Congress:
  • can impeach president
  • controls budget
  • approves nominations
  • can override veto

LEGISLATIVE

BRANCH

EXECUTIVE

BRANCH

Court can declare laws

unconstitutional

President can veto bills

President nominates

judges

  • Congress:
  • can impeach
  • judges
  • Senate confirms
  • nominations

Court can declare

presidential acts

unconstitutional

JUDICIAL

BRANCH

federalism
Federalism
  • The division or splitting of power between the federal government and the state governments

POWER

POWER

STATE

GOVERNMENTS

NATIONAL GOVERNMENT

slide5

Federalism

  • Federalism allows each state to take care of some things in their own way:
    • For example: Education
  • Other things, like national defense, are in the hands of the federal (national) government.
  • Some functions of government are shared (taxes, law enforcement, banks)
slide6

Shared Powers

Federal Powers

State Powers

  • National defense
  • Regulate trade
  • Foreign affairs
  • Set up Federal courts
  • Public education
  • Conduct elections
  • Regulate trade within the state
  • Enforce the laws
  • Establish courts
  • Collect taxes
  • Borrow money
  • General welfare
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