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The Nursing PhD and DNP: A Panel Discussion. Sponsored by the NIH Nurse Practitioners Special Interest Group November 19, 2009 National Institutes of Health Bethesda, Maryland. Goal of Today’s Panel Discussion. Is : Doctoral Education Career

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The nursing phd and dnp a panel discussion

The Nursing PhD and DNP:A Panel Discussion

Sponsored by the NIH Nurse Practitioners

Special Interest Group

November 19, 2009

National Institutes of Health

Bethesda, Maryland


Goal of today s panel discussion
Goal of Today’sPanel Discussion

  • Is:

    • Doctoral Education Career

  • Not—to convey that all nurses need to pursue doctoral education


Is a phd or dnp in your future

Is a PhD or DNP in Your Future?

Robin Newhouse, RN, PhD, CNAA, BC, CNOR

Assistant Dean, DNP Program

Sue Thomas, RN, PhD, CNS-P, FAAN

Assistant Dean, PhD Program

University of Maryland

School of Nursing


Key points of the dnp
Key Points of the DNP

Practice doctorate – defined as any form of nursing intervention (Advanced Practice, Administration, Informatics)

The DNP is the terminal practice degree that prepares graduates for the highest level of nursing practice


Key points of the phd
Key Points of the PhD

The PhD degree is the research focused terminal degree

Prepares the individual to conduct independent research


Contrast of key differences
Contrast of Key Differences

DNP

Prepares for the highest level of practice

Commitment to practice career

Oriented toward improving outcomes of care

Practice Intensive

PhD/DNS/DNSc

Prepares for the highest level of research

Commitment to research career

Oriented toward developing new knowledge

Research Intensive


DNP

PRACTICE

EDUCATION

RESEARCH


PhD

RESEARCH

EDUCATION

PRACTICE


Dnp or phd
DNP or PhD?

Both programs require rigorous plan of study

Terminal degree

Prepare leaders in the field of nursing

Both prepare nurse educators


Resources needed
Resources Needed

DNP

Mentors in leadership

Access to diverse practice settings

Financial aid

PhD/DNS/DNSc

Mentors in research

Access to active programs of funded research

Dissertation support


Considering doctoral education
Considering Doctoral Education?

Essential Characteristics of Doctoral Candidates

Vision

Passion

Focus

Persistence

Resourceful


Current dnp program status
Current DNP Program Status

92 Schools are offering DNP

102 developing DNP

University of Maryland DNP Program

Began September 2006


Current status of phd programs
Current Status of PhD Programs

111 Schools offer a PhD program

15 are developing a PhD Program

University of Maryland Program began in 1979 and it is the 16th Nursing PhD Program in the United States


Consistency across dnp programs
Consistency Across DNP Programs

Essentials of the Doctoral Education for Advanced Practice Nursing

DNP Essentials

DNP tool box

http://www.aacn.nche.edu


Dnp essentials
DNP Essentials

DNP Core: Outcome competencies deemed essential for all graduates

Specialty Competencies/Content: Clinical and didactic learning experiences focused on preparing the DNP graduate for specialty which is defined by the specialty organizations


Eight core essentials
Eight Core Essentials

Health Care Policy for Advocacy in Health Care

Interprofessional Collaboration for Improving Patient and Population Health Care Outcomes

Clinical Prevention and Population Health for Improving the Nation’s Health

Advanced Nursing Practice


Eight core essentials1
Eight Core Essentials

Scientific Underpinnings for Practice

Organizational and Systems Leadership for Quality Improvement and Systems Thinking

Clinical Scholarship and Analytical Methods for Evidence Based Practice

Information Systems/Technology and Patient Care Technology for the Improvement and Transformation of Health Care


The focus of the dnp
The Focus of the DNP

Clinical decision making

Evidence based research

Research utilization in clinical practice

Organizational and systems leadership

Informations systems and technology

Health care policy

Clinical prevention and population health


Consistency across phd programs
Consistency Across PhD Programs

All prepare graduates to do independent research

Dissertations are evidence of capacity to develop, conduct and analyze complex nursing research problems


Focus of the phd
Focus of the PhD

Acquiring the tools to do research

Theory

Research Design

Statistics

Developing their area of specialization

Education

Practice

Research


University of maryland dnp program
University of Maryland DNP Program

A post-master’s option

38 credit program

19 core

15 elective

4 capstone

Capstone project

Emphasis on evidence-based practice


Entry options for admission to phd program
Entry Options for Admission to PhD Program

Post-Masters

BSN to PhD

63 credit program

Dissertation

Emphasis on Research for discovery, practice or education


University of maryland phd program
University of Maryland PhD Program

60 to 63 credits

6 credits of Theory

3 credits of Measurement

14 credits of Design and Statistics

5 credits Research Rotation

6 credits Practica

12 credits Dissertation

15 credits of electives


Roles of the dnp graduate
Roles of the DNP Graduate

Practice leadership roles

Faculty positions responsible for clinical program delivery

High level executive positions

Policy development in clinical practice


Roles of the phd graduates
Roles of the PhD Graduates

Independent Researcher

Faculty positions

Practice leadership roles

High level executive positions

Policy development


Money
Money

Currently all full time PhD students have

Full tuition paid for

9 have fellowships from $9,500 to 27,000 per year


Controversy
Controversy

Evidence to support need for DNP vs MS

Extending time to graduation

Diversity in degrees

Decreased enrollment in MS and PhD programs

Reduction in knowledge generation

BS to DNP


Conclusion
Conclusion

DNP programs are a solution to the faculty shortage

Will enhance nursing science

Will prepare leaders in nursing practice

Encourage nurses to pursue advanced degrees at earlier ages

Encourage and financially support full time study


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