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Chapter 4: Classical Conditioning: Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities






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Chapter 4: Classical Conditioning: Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities. Basic Terms Two Extensions Three Limitations Additional Phenomena. Basic Phenomena. acquisition curve. Acquisition.
Chapter 4: Classical Conditioning: Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities

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Slide 1

Chapter 4:Classical Conditioning:Basic Phenomena and Various Complexities

Basic Terms

Two Extensions

Three Limitations

Additional Phenomena

Slide 2

Basic Phenomena

acquisition curve

Slide 3

Acquisition

  • Formation of a learned response to a conditioned stimulus through pairing with an unconditioned stimulus

Slide 4

Extinction

  • Elimination or weakening of a learned, conditioned response by removal of the unconditioned stimulus when the conditioned stimulus is present

Slide 5

Spontaneous Recovery

  • Re-emergence of an extinguished conditioned response after a rest period

Slide 6

Basic Phenomena

Figure 4.2(p. 131)

Hypothetical results illustrating a decline in spontaneous recovery

across repeated sessions of extinction.

Slide 7

Basic Phenomena

  • disinhibition

    • the sudden recovery of a response during an extinction procedure when a novel stimulus is introduced.

Slide 8

Generalization & Discrimination

  • Generalization

    • The tendency to respond to a stimulus that is similar to the conditioned stimulus

Slide 9

Generalization & Discrimination

  • Discrimination

    • The ability to distinguish between different stimuli, tendency for a response to be elicited by one stimulus and not another (sometimes similar) stimulus

Slide 10

Watson & Little Albert

  • Albert conditioned to fear a white laboratory rat

    • Each time he reached for the rat, Watson made a loud clanging noise right behind Albert

  • Albert’s fear generalized to anything white and furry

    • Including rabbits and Santa Claus

Slide 11

CS+

CS-

Discrimination Training

Slide 12

Experimental Neurosis

  • an experimentally produced disorder in which animals exposed to unpredictable events develop neurotic-like symptoms.

Slide 13

Extensions to Classical Conditioning

  • Higher-Order Conditioning

    • A stimulus associated with one CS can also become a CS

      • First-order conditioning

      • Second-order conditioning

Slide 15

Extensions to Classical Conditioning

  • Sensory Preconditioning

    • A stimulus associated with one CS can also become a CS

      • First-order conditioning

      • Second-order conditioning

Slide 17

Limitations to Classical Conditioning

  • compound stimulus

Slide 18

Limitations to Classical Conditioning

  • Overshadowing

Slide 20

Limitations to Classical Conditioning

  • Blocking

Slide 22

Limitations to Classical Conditioning

  • Latent Inhibition

Slide 24

Additional Phenomena

  • Temporal Conditioning

Slide 25

Additional Phenomena

  • Occasion Setting

Slide 26

Additional Phenomena

  • US Revaluation

Slide 27

Additional Phenomena

  • Pseudocondtioning


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