Neo-Confucianism as the Basis for Asian Economic Growth - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Neo confucianism as the basis for asian economic growth
1 / 40

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Neo-Confucianism as the Basis for Asian Economic Growth. J.D. Han with Yang Zheng. Confucius . 1. Confucius( 孔子 ) (B.C. 552-479) . His teachings are in “Dialectics (论语 ) ”. Confucius . 1) The Main Difference.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

Neo-Confucianism as the Basis for Asian Economic Growth

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Neo confucianism as the basis for asian economic growth

Neo-Confucianism as the Basis for Asian Economic Growth

J.D. Han with Yang Zheng


1 confucius b c 552 479

1. Confucius(孔子)(B.C. 552-479)

His teachings are in



1 the main difference

1) The Main Difference

Compared with Western Christianity,the Confucianism is not a religion, but an ethic.

Judgment and morals norm can come from a personhimself,

Ideas come from the Jesus or God or other systems.

2 confucius s core ideas

2) Confucius’s Core Ideas

  • He disliked the society ruled by Laws, Regulations, and Punishments.

  • He believed that the society should be ruled by educated Leaders with a clear sense of Noblesse Oblige devoted to Humanity

    -> ‘Confucian Leadership Model’

1 benevolence

(1) Benevolence

  • The core value of Confucianism is rén (仁).

    - direct translation "benevolence "or Goodness

    - in concrete, it means the virtue of perfectly fulfilling one's responsibilities toward others.

J d han with yang zheng

(2) Justice

  • Yì can be translated as righteousness

  • This is doing the right thing for the right reason.

  • This balances out with Humanity.

J d han with yang zheng

(3) Etiquettes

  • Li,is described by using some forms of the word ‘ritual’, it has also been translated as ‘etiquette' and ‘rules of proper behaviors’.

4 knowledge

(4) Knowledge 智

  • Knowledge or wisdom

6 doctrine of the mean

(6) Doctrine of the Mean 中庸

  • Controllingpleasure, anger, sorrow, or joy, the mind may be said to be in the state of Equilibrium.

  • This comes from the Judgementto keep balance.

  • This leads to the state of Harmony (和).

7 life long learning and practicing

(7) Life-Long Learning andPracticing 学 习

  • Studying/Learning is a life-long process.

  • Leaning is to become a noble person with virtue of noblis = ‘Philosopher’ of Plato

  • Emphasizes “Practicing what is learned”

    -> Noble persons rule and lead

    -> ‘Phlisopher King’ of Plato

How did they work to be the system of institutions

How did they work to be the System of Institutions?

  • Leaders are to be Educated, Ethical, Benevolent Philosophers

  • Education + Bureaucrat Exam + Meritocracy provide competition for leadership

  • Members of each level of society follow the leaders without conflicts

Philosopher leader versus petty person

Philosopher Leader versus Petty Person

  • Virtue = Noblesse Oblige makes the difference

    - Continuous selection/refinement is needed.

  • Revolution against Petty Leaders is justified

Educated People

Philosopher Leaders

Petty Persons



  • Comparable to Plato’s “Philosopher King” in his Republic

  • Philosopher Leaders are to be devoted to Humanity, and Justice for members.

    -> Ground for political legitimacy

    -> Benevolent Dictatorship, not Democracy

    -> Efficient and effective.

2 changes in confucianism

2. Changes in Confucianism

  • What the Confucius said has not changed, but its Interpretation has changed.



  • Original Confucianism preceded the inflow of Buddhism in China from India

  • Confucianism became Tools for Oppression by the Han Dynasty.》

    -> Feudalistic Confucianism.

  • Oppressed people relied more and more on Buddhism and Taoism

  • With the challenge of Buddhism, Confucianism was innovated into Neo-Confucianism in the Song Dynasty(

3 the innovation of neo classical confucianism

3. The Innovation of Neo-Classical Confucianism

  • Ethical Aspect

    - Reemphasizing Humanity

    - Open up a possible Reform

1 zhu xi

1) Zhu Xi(朱喜)

founder ofNeo-Confucianism in Song Dynasty (A.D 960–1279)

He pushes Confucianism to a higher state, which make it become a Confucianism development milestone of the history

Main concept

Main Concept

  • Li (lĭ) is a concept found in Neo-Confucian Chinese philosophy. It’s the principle that is in everything and governs the universe. Each person has a perfect li.

  • Individuals should act perfectly moral

  • It may be translated as rational principle or rationality

His achievements

His Achievements

  • He added metaphysical dimensions (ideas from Taoism and Buddhism) into Confucianism.

  • Reemphasizing Cultivation of Mind( 心学 ), Ethic(道学), and Innovation (维新)

  • extending this Personal Ethic to Social Philosophy and National Religion.

2 huang zongxi 1610 95 95

2) Huang Zongxi (黄宗羲 1610-95)95)

  • Huang was notable for being one of the first Neo-Confucians to stress the need for constitutional law and considered as the father of the Enlightenment -> China’s Rousseau

  • “Light Recessed, and Waiting for the Dawn”(明夷待访录) was a summary of ideas about political reform.

  • The political tract begins with a condemnation of selfish autocratic rule, and declares that the world should belong to the people

3 kang youwei 1875 1927

3) Kang Youwei(康有为 1875-1927)

  • He argued for the combination of

    Western Technology (西器)

    + Chinese Neo-Confucianism (东道)

    + Socialist Communism

  • Emperor’s tutor; Constitutional Monarchist;

  • Neo-Confucian Reformer (孔子改制考)

4 tu weiming 1940

4) Tu Weiming (杜維明 1940-)

  • Professor of Harvard University

  • Sponsored by Prime Minister Li Kwan Yew of Singapore

  • He argued that Neo-Confucianism is conducive for personal edification as well as Economic Growth

  • Neo-Confucian Leadership is essential for Economic Growth

Confucianism economy

* Confucianism + Economy

  • Confucianism for Modesty, Thrifty

    -> Savings and Investment

  • Confucianism for Enlightenment

    -> Education and Human Capital

  • Confucianism for Order, Harmony, Doctrine of the Mean

    -> Social Capitial

J d han with yang zheng

  • Confucianism for Self-Edifying, Virtue, Noblesse-Oblige

    -> Governance: Minimum Transactions Cost and Maximum Leadership

    -Collectivism vs Individualism

    Example: Li Jiacheng ; The Li Ka Shing Foundation

    To date, the sponsorships and commitments approx.$ 990 million

    - Doctrine of the Mean in Business Competition

    Stress to moderate and response. Appeal greatly and together and save small difference, oppose competing excessively

4 neo confucianism in east asia

4. Neo-Confucianism in East Asia

  • Neo-Confucianism spread to Korea and Japan

  • In Korea and Japan, People have various religions, but regard Neo-Confucianism as the guiding ethical principle for personal, family, society, and national levels.

  • In China, there was a period of official suspension of Confucianism between 1949-1980s, which is followed by a revival of Confucianism.

J d han with yang zheng

1) Neo-Confucian Experience in Japan

J d han with yang zheng

Neo-Confucianism transplanted to Business

= Zaibatsu

-> Modern Keiretsu in Japan

-> Chaebols in Korea

J d han with yang zheng


15th Shogunate (德川庆喜) resigned his position

November 9, 1867

Boshin War

January, 1868

Edo Period




Meiji Era

Meiji Restoration (明治维新)

J d han with yang zheng

Meiji Restoration Reformers

were Samurai class backed up

by Neo-Confucians.

J d han with yang zheng


  • State Leadership: Uphold the Emperor, and Strengthen the army and Enrich the Nation (富国强兵)

  • Economic Development by the State Leader ship

  • Education: Compulsory Education

  • Open Up to World for Trade and Technology

J d han with yang zheng

Japanese government needed

New Class of Entrepreneurs.


J d han with yang zheng

Why reformed Samurai?

— Traditional warrior class was detrimental to Social Stability and Industrialization; had to be


— Still, well-Educated, noble Samurai Spirit/Patriotism may be put into use

J d han with yang zheng

Modern Japanese Neo-Confucian System



Noble People





J d han with yang zheng

Pre-WW II Zaibatsu





J d han with yang zheng

* Mitsubishi

- One of the Major Zaibatsu

— Established in 1870 by Iwasaki (Yotaro 岩崎 弥太郎)

— closely related to Meiji Restoration and State Leadership

— Now: Mitsubishi Bank

Mitsubishi Corporation

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries

Post ww ii keiretsu

Post WW II Keiretsu

  • Horizontal Keiretsu






    Daichi Kangyo

  • Vertical Keiretsu












2 korea

2) Korea

  • Chaebol:

    -LG; Samsung; Hyundai; Daewoo; Hanhwa

    -Neo-Confucian organization and operation

    - Effective and efficient in Korean social context

3 in china

3) In China

  • This idea deviates China's focus from economic growth to overall societal balance.

  • Hu-Wen New Administration

    President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao have adopt more reform-oriented and more open-minded policy.

    Premier Wen always wear a overcoat which has ten year history.

Future of neo confucianism

Future of Neo-Confucianism

  • China may unite the East Asia with the doctrine of Neo-Confucianism.

  • Hu-Wen government of China supports studies and spread of Neo-Confucianism.

5 conclusion

5. Conclusion

Not all Confucianism is conducive for Innovative Society, and Neo-Confucianism is.

The essence of Neo-Confucianism is Ethic of Humanity.

<- comparable with Protestant Ethic

Ethic of Humanity is conducive for Accumulation of Human Capital, Social Capital, and Government Leadership.

  • Login