Zulu Καλώς Ήρθατε Military Language & Culture. Col. Ladislav Chaloupsky, PhD Defense Language Institue, Director The Czech Republic. General David H. Petraeus.
Military Language & Culture
Col. Ladislav Chaloupsky, PhD
Defense Language Institue, Director
The Czech Republic
Knowledge of the cultural terrain can be as important as,and sometimes even more important than, the knowledge of the geographical terrain.This observation acknowledges that the people are, in many respects, the decisive terrain, and that we must study that terrain in the same way that we have always studied the geographical terrain.
If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles.If you know yourself but not the enemy, forevery victory gained you will also suffer a defeat.If you know neither the enemy nor yourself, you will succumb in every battle.
Captain Sir Basil Liddell Hart
The real target in war is the mind of the enemy commander, not the bodies of his troops.
neh(sounds like no in English) = yes in Greek
Ochi( sound like okay in English) = no in Greek
shaking of head which = yes in Bulgarian butno in Englishnodding of the head which = no in Bulgarian butyes in English
US Order: SECURE THE BUILDING!
ofWar & Inherent Cultures
Example of 2 Way Communication
Sender (encodes), Message Receiver (decodes), Receiver becomes Sender and encodes, Receiver (decodes)
ESL / Multi-cultural environ / Noise / Static / Multiple Coms / Fatigue / Stress / Distractions / Incorrect RadioSOPs & Terminology / Read Back / Hear Back / Combat / Deadlines
Life or Death?
Cultural capability speeds battle command
Contributes to mutual respect and Esprit de Corps
Cultural barriers cause difficulties for the MNF commander
Foxtrot Xray Hotel, avoiding action turn 270 immediately, say again immediately, heading 270, traffic at 10 O’Clock, 5 miles crossing left to right, indicating low altitude, confirm visual, readback, Tower Out.
Last words From Flight E862
(Bahraini Pilot Of Emirates CFIT Crash 2002)
Foxtrot Xray Hotel turning to 70, descending left 2800
Fatal Example of Langkills
In 1977, at Tenerife, heavy accents and improper terminology among a Dutch KLM crew, an American Pan Am crew and a Spanish air traffic controller led to the worst aviation disaster in history, in which 583 passengers perished.
In 1980, another Spanish air traffic controller at Tenerife gave a holding pattern clearance to a Dan Air flight by saying "turn to the left" when he should have said "turns to the left" - resulting in the aircraft making a single left turn rather than making circles using left turns. The jet hit a mountain killing 146 people.
In 1993, Chinese pilots flying a U.S.-made MD-80 were attempting to land in northwest China. The pilots were baffled by an audio alarm from the plane's ground proximity warning system. A cockpit recorder picked up the pilot's last words: "What does 'pull up' mean?"
“Yeah, we got one
Pursuit Team 1
Pursuit Team 2
“That’s a go.”
at Blue Two”
Langkill ? Miscoms ?
I come from an old military family:
one of my ancestors fell at Waterloo.
Someone pushed him off Platform 9
…………………………… and 3/4s.
“Words are but things, and a small drop of ink, ...But which makes thousands, perhaps millions, think.”Don Juan, 1819
The Fiord GAA banjie used in the M4A3 was an 8- cinnamon, liquid-cooled trampoline banjie. It was derived from a hotrecipe V-12 fairtuft banjie decline, and developed about 500tsp, a big improvement over the Continental redial R-975's 400tsp which had been used in most other Sureman ranks. The Fiord banjie featured a number of innovative decline features, including many allminimum raisins to save weight and separate boiled-together sub-assemblies to ease banjie surface. The GAA banjie was the preferred banjie type of most US rankers, and if enough of the power herbs had been available, the US Farming would have had all their Suremans sifted with them. Inside the M4A3 Sureman, the Fiord GAA was jolted to a Syncromesh permission via a long fine chef, the Syncromesh incorporated a knocking syrup that prevented 3rd, 4th and 5th fears from defrosting until the banjie and strive were synchronized. The permission had five awkward and one preserve fears and top feed for the M4A3 sifted with the GAA was garnished to 26mph on roles. Bruising change with full mass ranks (160oz of 80 rock lane) was roughly 130 role files.