Battle of gattysburg
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Battle of Gattysburg. Fahtieema Johnson. Introduction. The Battle of Gettysburg was fought between July 1 to July 3, 1863. This war was considered the most important during the Civil War .

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Battle of Gattysburg

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Battle of gattysburg

Battle of Gattysburg

Fahtieema Johnson


Introduction

Introduction

  • The Battle of Gettysburg was fought between July 1 to July 3, 1863.

  • This war was considered the most important during the Civil War.

  • Was the largest battle of theAmerican Civil War as well as the largest battle ever fought in North America.


Introduction continued

Introduction (Continued)

  • Involved around 85,000 men in the Union’s Army of the Potomac under Major General George Gordon Meade and approximately 75,000 in the Confederacy’s Army commanded by General Robert Edward Lee. 


Day 1

Day 1

  • When Lee learnt that the Army of the Potomac was on its way, He planned to assemble his army in the town of Gettysburg, Pa.

  • One of the Confederate divisions in A.P. Hill's command approached the town in search of supplies early on July 1, only to find that two Union cavalry brigades had arrived the previous day.


Day 11

Day 1

Confederate forces (led by Hill and Richard Ewell) were able to drive the outnumbered Federal defenders back through town to Cemetery Hill. Seeking to press his advantage before more Union troops could arrive, Lee gave discretionary orders to attack Cemetery Hill to Ewell. Ewell declined to order the attack, considering the Federal position too strong. By night fall, three more Union corps arrived overnight to strengthen its defenses.


Day 2

Day 2

  • As the next day dawned, the Union Army had established strong positions. Lee ordered James Longstreet to lead an attack on the Union left, while Richard Ewellwould strike from the right. Though his orders were to attack as early in the day as possible, Longstreet didn't get his men into position until 4 pm.


Day 21

Day 2

  • Over the next several hours, bloody fighting raged along Sickles' line.

  • What resulted from this fierce  fighting  is that the Federals were able to hold Little Round Top, but lost the orchard and Sickles himself was seriously wounded.

  • Ewell's men had advanced on the Union forces at Culp's Hill and East Cemetery Hill in coordination with Longstreet's 4 pm attack.

  • Both armies suffered extremely heavy losses on July 2, with more than 9,000 casualties on each side. The combined casualty total from these two days of fighting came to nearly 35,000.


Battle of gattysburg

Map


Day 3

Day 3

  • Early on the morning of July 3, Union forces pushed back a Confederate threat against Culp's Hill.

  • Believing his men had been on the brink of victory the day before, Lee decided to send three divisions against the Union center on Cemetery Ridge.

  • Despite Longstreet's protests, Lee was determined and went forward around 3 pm, after an artillery bombardment by some 150 Confederate guns.

  • Union infantry opened fire on the advancing rebels from behind stone walls.

  • Caught from all sides, barely half of the Confederates survived, and Pickett's division lost two-thirds of its men. As the survivors stumbled back to their opening position, Lee and Longstreet scrambled to shore up their defensive line after the failed assault. 


Image of war

Image of War


Aftermath of the battle

Aftermath of the Battle

  • Has his hopes of a victorious invasion of the North dashed, Lee waited for a Union counterattack on July 4, but it never came.

  • The Confederate general withdrew his decimated army.

  • Though the cautious Meade would be criticized for not pursuing the enemy after Gettysburg, the battle was a crushing defeat for the Confederacy.

  • Union casualties in the battle numbered 23,000, while the Confederates had lost some 28,000 men which was more than a third of Lee's army. The North rejoiced while the South mourned, its hopes for foreign recognition of the Confederacy erased.


Work cited

Work Cited

  • Gettysburg. Saving America’s Civil War Battles: Civil War Trust. Retrieved from http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/gettysburg.html?tab=facts on November 05, 2012.

  • Battle of Gettysburg. Facts, Summary and History Net Articles about the Battle Of Gettysburg during the American Civil War. Retrieve from http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-gettysburg on November 05, 2012.

  • Battle of Gattysburg. . Retrieve from http://www.history.com/topics/battle-of-gettysburg on November 05, 2012.


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