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RESPIRATORY PROTECTION. Class Introduction. Terminal Learning Objective:. Identify the parts of Title 29 CFR 1910.134 Respiratory Protection. Class Introduction.

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Class introduction
Class Introduction

TerminalLearning Objective:

Identify the parts of Title 29 CFR 1910.134

Respiratory Protection


Class introduction1
Class Introduction

Enabling Learning Objectives: 1. Identify the parts of a Respiratory Protection Program 2. Identify Respiratory Protection Terminology 3. Identify parts of a Written Respiratory Protection Program 4. Identify Fit Test Requirements 5. Identify Medical Evaluation Requirements


Class introduction2
Class Introduction

Safety Considerations: None

Security Classification: Unclassified


Respiratory protection 29 cfr 1910 134
Respiratory Protection29 CFR 1910.134

This regulation is organized in the following paragraphs:

  • (a) Permissible Practice

  • (b) Definitions

  • (c) Respiratory Protection Program

  • (d) Selection of Respirators


Respiratory protection 29 cfr 1910 1341
Respiratory Protection29 CFR 1910.134

  • (e) Medical Evaluation

  • (f) Fit testing

  • (g) Use of Respirators

  • (h) Maintenance and Care of Respirators

  • (I) Breathing Air Quality and Use


Respiratory Protection29 CFR 1910.134

  • (j) Identification of Filters

  • (k) Training and Information

  • (l) Program Evaluation

  • (m) Record Keeping


Respiratory protection 29 cfr 1910 1342
Respiratory Protection29 CFR 1910.134

  • Appendix A: Fit Testing Procedures

  • Appendix B-1: User Seal Check

  • Appendix B-2: Respirator Cleaning Procedures

  • Appendix C: OSHA Respirator Medical Evaluation Questionnaire

  • Appendix D: Information For Employees Using

  • Respirators When Not Required

  • * All Mandatory



Respiratory terminology1
Respiratory Terminology

  • Tight fitting facepiece – a respirator inlet covering that forms a complete seal with the face

  • Positive pressure respirator- a respirator in which the pressure inside the respiratory inlet covering exceeds the ambient air pressure outside the respirator.

  • Negative pressure respirator – a respirator in which the pressure inside the facepiece is negative during inhalation with respect to the ambient air pressure outside the respirator.


Respiratory terminology2
Respiratory Terminology

  • Atmosphere-supplying respirator –a respirator that supplies the user with breathing air, such as:

    SCBA, Rebreather or SAR

  • Pressure demand respirator – a positive pressure ASR that admits breathing air to the facepiece when the positive pressure is reduced inside the facepiece by inhalation.

  • Air-purifying respirator – a respirator with an air-purifying filter, cartridge, or canister that removes air contaminants by passing ambient air through the element.

  • Powered air-purifying – an air-purifying respirator that uses a blower to force the ambient air through the element to the inlet covering.


Respiratory terminology3
Respiratory Terminology

  • Fit test – the use of a protocol to quantitatively or qualitatively evaluate the fit of a respirator on an individual.

  • Qualitative fit test (QLFT) – a pass/fail test to assess the adequacy of respirator fit that relies on the individual’s response to the test agent.

  • Quantitative fit test (QNFT) – an assessment of the adequacy of respirator fit by numerically measuring the amount of leakage into the respirator.


Check on learning
Check on Learning

A facepiece that forms a complete seal with the users face is referred to as what type of facepiece?

Tight fitting facepiece.



Respiratory protection program1
Respiratory Protection Program

Sub paragraph C of 29 CFR 1910.134

requires the employer to develop and

implement a written respiratory protection

program with required worksite-specific

procedures and elements for required respirator

use.

* In any workplace where respirators are necessary

* Administered by a suitable trained program

administrator

* Voluntary use


Respiratory-Use Requirements Flow Chart

29 CFR 1910.134 (c)

Are respirators:

* necessary to protect the health of the employee; or

* required by the employer ?

Yes

No

Does the employer permit

Voluntary use of respirators ?

Must establish & implement a

written respirator program with

worksite-specific procedures

Yes

No

STOP

Does the only use of respirators involve the voluntary use

of filtering facepieces ?

Yes

No

* Employer determines respirator

doesn’t create a hazard

* Provide info in Appendix D

* No respirator program required

* Employer determines respirator

doesn’t create a hazard

* Provide info in Appendix D

* Must establish & implement those elements

of a written respirator program necessary to

ensure that employee is medically able to use

that respirator


Written respiratory protection program
Written Respiratory Protection Program

  • (c)(1)(i) Procedures for selecting respirators in use in workplace

    * Evaluate Hazards

    * NIOSH Certified Respirator

  • (c)(1)(ii) Medical evaluations of employees required to use respirators

  • (c)(1)(iii) Fit test procedures for tight fitting respirators


Written respiratory protection program1
Written Respiratory Protection Program

  • (c)(1)(iv) Procedures for proper use of respirators in routine and reasonably foreseeable emergency situations

  • (c)(1)(v) Procedures and schedules for cleaning, disinfecting, storing, inspecting, repairing, discarding and otherwise maintaining respirators

  • (c)(1)(vi) Procedures to ensure adequate air quality, quantity, and flow of breathing air for ASR


Written respiratory protection program2
Written Respiratory Protection Program

  • (c)(1)(vii) Training of employees in the respiratory hazards to which they are potentially exposed during routine and emergency situations

  • (c)(1)(viii) Training of employees in the proper use of respirators, including putting on and removing them, any limitations on their use and their maintenance

  • (c)(1)(ix) Procedures for regularly evaluating the effectiveness of the program


Check on learning1
Check on Learning

What are the nine components of a Written Respiratory Protection Program?

(c)(1)(i) thru (c)(1)(ix)



Qualitative qlft
Qualitative(QLFT)

  • Isoamyl Acetate Protocol

  • * Requires an odor threshold screening

  • Saccharin Solution Aerosol Protocol

  • * Requires a taste threshold screening

  • Bitrex Solution Aerosol Protocol

  • * Requires a taste threshold screening

  • Irritant Smoke Protocol

  • * Requires a sensitivity screening check


Qualitative qlft1
Qualitative(QLFT)

Isoamyl Acetate (banana oil)

Bitrex

Sodium Saccaharin

Irritant Smoke


Qualitative qlft2
Qualitative(QLFT)

Advantages Disadvantages

* Inexpensive up-front cost * Imprecise

* Low maintenance * Easy to do wrong (tedious)

* Limited to fit factor of 100

* Subject to deception

* No documentation of results

* People dislike wearing the hood

* Slow (because of threshold test)


Quantitative qnft
Quantitative(QNFT)

  • Generated Aerosol Quantitative Fit Testing

  • Protocol

  • Using a non-hazardous aerosol such as:

  • * corn oil

  • * polyethylene glycol

  • * sodium chloride

  • * di-2-ethyl hexyl sebacate

  • Overall Fit factor= number of exercises….

  • 1/ff1+1/ff2+1/ff3+………1/ff8




Quantitative qnft2
Quantitative(QNFT)

Advantages Disadvantages

* No fit factor limit * More expensive up front cost

* Precise * Requires probed respirator or

* Faster a Sampling adapter

* Annual factory recalibration

* No chance of deception

* recommended

* Easy to do right

* Useful for employee respirator training

* Hard copy documentation of results


Fit test record
Fit Test Record

  • The employer shall establish a record of the qualitative and quantitative fit test administered to an employee.

  • The record shall include:

    * employee name or ID

    * type of fit test

    * specific make, model, style of respirator

    * date of test

    * pass/fail for QLFT

    * fit factor for QNFT


Fit test record1
Fit Test Record

  • The fit test record will be maintained until the

  • next administered test:

  • * Annual test

  • * Changes in respiratory protection

  • * Changes in the employee


Check on learning2
Check on Learning

Which type of Fit Test requires a threshold screening?

Qualitative(QLFT)



Medical evaluation1
Medical Evaluation

  • The employer shall provide a medical evaluation to determine the employee’s ability to use a respirator.

  • Prior to fit testing and use

  • May be discontinued when employee is no longer required to use a respirator


Medical evaluation procedures
Medical Evaluation Procedures

  • The employer shall identify a physician or other licensed health care professional (PLHCP)

  • The medical evaluation shall obtain the information requested by the questionnaire in section 1 and 2, part A of appendix C.

  • The employer shall ensure that a follow up medical evaluation is provided for an employee that give a positive response to questions 1- 8, or gives indication that a follow up is needed.


Medical evaluation procedures1
Medical Evaluation Procedures

The medical questionnaire and examination

* administered confidentially

* during the employee’s normal working

hours

* or at a time and place convenient to the

employee.


Check on learning3
Check on Learning

Who is authorized to administer medical screening?

The employer shall identify a physician or other licensed health care professional (PLHCP)


Summary
Summary

  • Terminal Learning Objective (TLO)

  • Enabling Learning Objectives (ELO’s)

  • Questions


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