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Context Clues. English I Ms. Logan. What are Context Clues?.

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context clues

Context Clues

English I

Ms. Logan

what are context clues
What are Context Clues?

 Text book writers usually know when they must use a word that will be new to their student readers. So they often include other words or phrases to help with the understanding of the new word. These words or phrases are referred to as context clues. They are built into the sentences around the difficult word. If you become more aware of the words around the difficult words you encounter in your reading, you will save your self many trips to the dictionary. You will be able to make logical guesses about the meanings of many words.

types of context clues
Types of Context Clues

1. examples

2. synonyms and definitions

3. antonyms and contrasts

4. experience or sense of the sentence

example clues
Example Clues
  • Using examples or illustrations, an author tries to show what a word means. A writer may give just one example or several. Remember that these examples are not synonyms. Look for words or phrases like "such as," "including," or "consists of." Colons (:) and dashes (-) can also signal examples.
slide6

Sentence 1: The dance partners chose a sedate waltz rather than a frenzied jitterbug with movements like a child high on sugar.

Sentence 2: The principal kept his composure and handled the crisis in a sedate manner much the same as a judge rules his courtroom.

Which explanation below shows the relationship between sedate and frenzied as they are used in the contexts above?

A. Sedate means simple, and frenzied means complex.

B. Sedate means serious, and frenzied means funny.

C. Sedate means dignified, and frenzied means agitated.

D. Sedate means harsh, and frenzied means calm.

slide7

Sentence 1: The dance partners chose a sedate waltz rather than a frenzied jitterbug with movements like a child high on sugar.

Sentence 2: The principal kept his composure and handled the crisis in a sedate manner much the same as a judge rules his courtroom.

Which explanation below shows the relationship between sedate and frenzied as they are used in the contexts above?

A. Sedate means simple, and frenzied means complex.

B. Sedate means serious, and frenzied means funny.

C. Sedate means dignified, and frenzied means agitated.

D. Sedate means harsh, and frenzied means calm.

slide8

Shelia’s movements in the water were languid much like the sluggish movement of a manatee.

Which of the following can the reader infer from the analogy between Shelia’s movements and the manatee?

A. Both are associated with ill health.

B. Both can be found in the water.

C. Both are slow.

D. Both show an excess of energy.

slide9

Shelia’s movements in the water were languid much like the sluggish movement of a manatee.

Which of the following can the reader infer from the analogy between Shelia’s movements and the manatee?

A. Both are associated with ill health.

B. Both can be found in the water.

C. Both are slow.

D. Both show an excess of energy.

slide10

Sentence 1: He devoured his portion while she merely nibbled on hers as if it were poisoned.

Sentence 2: The snake devoured its victim like an oyster on a half-shell.

Which explanation below shows the relationship between devoured and nibbled as they are used in the context above?

A. Devour is to crunch as nibble is to taste.

B. Devour is to consume greedily as nibble is to bite gently.

C. Devour is to eat slowly as nibble is to eat quickly.

D. Devour is to crush as nibble is to gobble.

slide11

Sentence 1: He devoured his portion while she merely nibbled on hers as if it were poisoned.

Sentence 2: The snake devoured its victim like an oyster on a half-shell.

Which explanation below shows the relationship between devoured and nibbled as they are used in the context above?

A. Devour is to crunch as nibble is to taste.

B. Devour is to consume greedily as nibble is to bite gently.

C. Devour is to eat slowly as nibble is to eat quickly.

D. Devour is to crush as nibble is to gobble.

slide12

Sentence 1: Even though her father’s war crimes were as despicable as a hired hit man’s killings, her little known accomplishments with underprivileged children were laudable.

Sentence 2: His giving his seat to the pregnant lady was as laudable as a boy scout’s shoveling snow for an elderly neighbor.

Which explanation below shows the relationship between despicable and laudable as they are used in the contexts above?

A. Laudable is to enthusiastic as despicable is to energetic.

B. Laudable is to laughable as despicable is to admirable.

C. Laudable is to evil as despicable is to good.

D. Laudable is to deserving praise as despicable is to deserving scorn.

slide13

Sentence 1: Even though her father’s war crimes were as despicable as a hired hit man’s killings, her little known accomplishments with underprivileged children were laudable.

Sentence 2: His giving his seat to the pregnant lady was as laudable as a boy scout’s shoveling snow for an elderly neighbor.

Which explanation below shows the relationship between despicable and laudable as they are used in the contexts above?

A. Laudable is to enthusiastic as despicable is to energetic.

B. Laudable is to laughable as despicable is to admirable.

C. Laudable is to evil as despicable is to good.

D. Laudable is to deserving praise as despicable is to deserving scorn.

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