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1995 $50 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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DOC (Becky Burr). NTIA. U$G. DOD. USG. NSF. $1,000,000. 1995 Information Superhighway Ira Magaziner. NSI (1993) .com, .org, .net. USC.ISI. RFCs. IANA JON Postel. 20 Feb 1998: Green Paper. 1995 $50. 1990 Vint Cerf IAB. 3 June 1998: White Paper. RFC.1591.

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1995 50

DOC(Becky Burr)

NTIA

U$G

DOD

USG

NSF

$1,000,000

1995 InformationSuperhighwayIra Magaziner

NSI (1993).com, .org, .net

USC.ISI

RFCs

IANAJON Postel

20 Feb 1998: Green Paper

1995$50

1990Vint Cerf IAB

3 June 1998: White Paper

RFC.1591

Trade Mark Owners(WIPO) INTA

ICANN 13 September 1998

.NZ

1994 Proposal Privatise

1992ISOCMike Roberts

.FR

ITU(Bob Shaw)

ORSC

BWG

1995ProposalI50 GTLDS

.DE

2M

.AU

In1998

Foreign GovernmentsTwomey (AU)Wilkinson (EU)

18 October 1998: Jon Died

1996 IAHCMoU gTLDsGeneva

.KR

18M

.JP

25 November 1998: DOC signs 2 year MoU

.CI

2000

242 FOJ’s


1995 50

ICANN

IRP

CHAIR: VINT CERF

4 ccSO

3 DNSO

3 PSO

3 ASO

4 VB’s

GAC

5 @ Large

Domain Name Support Org.

Protocol Support Org

Address Support Org

At LargeMembership176,837

Becky BurrBob ShawChristopherWilkinsonWIPOOthers

Names Council (21)

AddressCouncil

ISPS

ITUIETFETSIWWWC

Trade Marks

Business

RIPEARINAPNIC

Non-Commercial

Registries

Registrars

Country Code Managers

General Assembly

ICANNThe Internet Compartion for Assigned Names and Numbers

President & CEO: Mike Roberts

November 1998 - 9 Member Virgin Birth Board


Ap cctld icann relationships

AP-ccTLD-ICANNRelationships

The Money The Power The Credibility and

The Balance


Where is the money

Where is the Money?

  • 30 Million names in .com, .org, .net

    • New registrations thru July, 2001: 3,123,612

      11 million in ccTLDs…the future?

  • VeriSign has about 50% share as registrar

  • Over 100,000 “testbed” IDNS

  • Increasing Trade name protection in ccTLD

  • However: 180 ccTLDs under 50,000 names


Where is the power

Where is the Power

  • Facilitating Trade: All countries

    • Access Internet users as a market for domain names.

    • Access to consumers for advertising and e-commerce.

  • ccTLD diversity, lends Legitimacy, 244 ccs

  • Regional ccTLD Associations (some in formation only)

    • North America

    • Asia Pacific

    • European Union

    • Latin America

    • Africa and Middle East


Need global body to represent

Need global body to represent

  • cc Internet Managers, and their LICs.

  • Taking into account:

  • Best Practices,

  • RFC 1591

  • Governments

    Separate Incorporation = legal status

    can enter contracts, issue invoices

  • can be tax free


Cctld issues

ccTLD Issues

  • International Domain Names

  • New gTLDs and their impact

  • Procedure for update of IANA database

  • Contract with ICANN

  • Pressure to include “universal” UDRP

  • Representation Level in ICANN

  • Financial contributions to ICANN


Needs to be outside icann

Needs to be outside ICANN

  • To negotiate common issues with ICANN;

  • a collective trade association -

  • strong can aid the weak, the early can

    protect the later;

  • because ICANN staff requested a “peer;”

  • because there are LIC issues which don’t

    affect ICANN


The peer organisation

The “peer”organisation

Date sent:Mon, 1 Nov 1999 20:12:35 GMT

From: "Antony Van Couvering"

To: <[email protected]>

Hi,

Here is the transcript I made of this morning's session Nov. 1, 1999) between Josh Elliott of IANA and the ccTLD managers. Louis Touton,counsel for ICANN, and Andrew McLaughlin, ICANN's staff person, also attended, and indeed answered many of the questions.


The peer cont d

The “peer” cont’d.

Andrew McLaughlin - Relationship between ICANN and IANA. I am the only

staff person at ICANN. First task at ICANN has been to try to rationalize

the relationship and the gTLDs. Recognize that doing the same for ccTLDs is the next priority. AM, MR, and Louis Touton will talk to anyone about this. ICANN hoping to establish a relationship of peers.


The peer cont d1

The “peer” cont’d.

Dennis Jennings- Top 5 issues of concern to CENTR members: (1) Agreement for root services (2) Relationship between ccTLDs and ICANN (3) Best practices (4) Change of ccTLD managers (5) Funding.

On the second point,I am heartened by your comments for a peer-to-peer relationship. Quite a number of ccTLDs are thinking of a ccTLD organization separately from the ccTLD constituency within the DNSO.


The peer cont d2

The “peer” cont’d

Andrew M.

IANA's policies are well articulated now, we need changes. There is no way for the ccTLDs to talk to ICANN as one body. Outside of the DNSO, there needs to be a peer relationship between ICANN and ccTLDs outside of the DNSO.


Why outside

Why Outside?

Issues of :

re-delegation

of DRP

of content

of 2ld’s, pricing, etc

are outside ICANN’s mandate


Why outside1

Why Outside

  • Because: Intellectual property interests,

    the GAC

    the NCDNH, and Verisign

    believe they should be able to shape cc policy

    SECURITY

    - ICANN may fail.


Benefits of being within icann

BENEFITS OF BEING WITHIN ICANN

  • Cooperation with IANA

  • Cooperation with g-TLDs

  • Cooperation with ASO, PSO, DNSO,…

  • Adding political credibility to Icann

  • Facilitating funding

  • Cohesive global internet development


Needs not to be a dnso constituency

NEEDS NOT TO BE A DNSO CONSTITUENCY

  • g-TLD focus

  • NSI battles

  • udrp

  • Verisign -commercial only focus

  • No concept of LIC, service, or government

  • Stockholm communique


Needs to be a support organisation

NEEDS TO BE A SUPPORT ORGANISATION

  • The ICANN bylaws allow further SO’s

  • there is no better alternative in the bylaws

  • SO’s create policy, for Board to implement

  • The Board is “obliged” to follow an SO’s policy

  • Board representation ensured.


Need an outside organisation which agrees to serve as the ccso

NEED AN OUTSIDE ORGANISATION WHICH AGREES TO SERVE AS THE CCSO

  • This model works- see the PSO

  • It has considerable staff support

  • It has some Board support

  • It has majority DNSO support.


The credibility and balance

The Credibility and Balance

  • ICANN needs ccTLD to provide credibility.

  • Without ccTLD ICANN is clearly US-centric

  • ICANN will attempt to make individual deals with strong countries one by one.

  • In some cases ICANN may succeed with this.

  • This could increase “Internet colonialism”

  • A strong ccTLD is the key to balance of money, power, credibility.


Need agreement in montevideo

NEED AGREEMENT IN MONTEVIDEO

  • 1. Incorporation outside ICANN

  • 2. Willingness to sign MoU as ccSO


New icann structures

New ICANN Structures?

  • ALSC report possibilities

    • Directors 6-6-6 Tech, Providers, Users

    • ASO-PSO-6, DNSO 6, At-Large + Ncom 6

  • Mike Roberts Proposal

    • ccTLD 2 directors, gTLD 2 directors

  • Elisabeth Porteneuve Proposal

    • 6-6-6 with ccTLD at 6 directors


The cart and the horse

The cart and the horse

  • Top down: ICANN decides ccTLD relation:

    • ICANN sends down documents to ccTLD

    • ICANN creates contract for ccTLD

  • Bottom Up: ccTLD creates organizations

    • ccTLD agrees on documents- sends to ICANN

    • ccTLD agrees on general form of contract

    • Individual ccTLD may modify as needed

  • Relationship becomes peer-to-peer

  • Agreements negotiated by “equals”


Incorporation issues

Incorporation Issues

  • Need a name which better describes us

    eg “Association of Internet Managers

    for Country Codes”……

    AIMcc

  • Need to decide membership structure:

    Regional, or Individual?


Membership structure

Arguments for Regional

Lightweight

impossible getting global consensus

shrinks power of regions

supported on lists by Europeans

Arguments for Individuals

more democratic

“one registry, one vote”

Harder to capture

More than just 5 members

Flatter structure

(fewer “layers”)

Membership Structure


Membership structure1

Argument against Regional

requires “audit” of regional associations

( to avoid, eg IATLD)

Ignores differences in “size” of internet in regions

( Europe vs Africa)

Argument vs Individuals

Too hard to get global consensus, even in regions

regional associations will act as “lobby” groups, anyway

easier for new cc’s to travel to regional meetings

Membership Structure


Solutions

Regional

an association of 5 region associations-aptld,aftld..

regional secretariats act as executive in rotation 3 ys?

3 reps. from each region form ccBoard

Chair elected fromregion hosting exec.

Individual

An association open to all representatives of cc registries- .cn,.tw.,my..

Elect 15 reps to ccBoard, 3 per region

(possibly, elect to regional councils)

Use existing cc Secretariat.

Solutions


Functioning as an so

Functioning as an SO

  • ccBoard acts as ccCouncil

    (like the present Names Council)

  • Policy issues raised from “international assembly” like the present cctld-discuss list

  • ccCouncil forms working groups to prepare policy

  • policy adopted by ccCouncil goes to Icann Board.


Functioning as an so continued

Functioning as an SO (continued)

  • ccCouncil elects 3-4 Icann Board directors

  • cc’s meet in one day plenary at ICANN meetings, report of working groups….

  • ccCouncil meets 1/2 day, reports to Open Forum, and to Board

  • ccCouncil liaises with GAC, ALM,gDNSO, etc


Other issues

Other Issues

Subscriptions policy

  • APTLD model -self select, including $0.00

  • Centr model……?

  • Other models…?

    Membership numbers “threshold”

  • do we wait for 242 to sign on…?

  • Only need 5 to incorporate


Other issues continued

Other Issues (continued)

3 or 4 Board seats?

  • Negotiations need to continue with others


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • In the absence of law, negotiation rules.

  • A strong, financial viable organization for ccTLDs is necessary for negotiation with ICANN and domain name business interests.

  • ccTLD must take the initiative, and not wait to see what ICANN and domain name business interests offer.

  • ccTLDs must get their fair share of political respect, retain local sovereignty.

  • We can do it, if we wish to.

  • This is a good time to start. (ALSC – ICANN reorganization)


Timeline

Timeline

  • Montevideo: 5-10 Sept. Debate on principles concludes

  • 14-21 Sept. Principles published, lobbying begins

  • 21 Sept. Voting on principles occurs online

  • 5 Oct. Draft Articles for AIMcc posted

  • 12 Oct.Voting on Articles online occurs

  • 14 October AIMcc incorporated.

  • 14-21 AIM Bylaws published for comment

  • 22 Oct. Voting on Aim Bylaws

  • 26 Oct ccSO Articles and Bylaws published

  • 26 Oct-10 Nov. ccSO A+B debated on line

  • Los Angeles:11 Nov. Voting to adopt byelaws (live)


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