1 / 9

# Charges in a Magnetic Field - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Charges in a Magnetic Field. An electron entering a magnetic field experiences a force similar to that on a wire. A proton would experience a force in the opposite direction. Since we have F = I l B,. and I = q , t. then we can substitute so we get F = q l B ,

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

## PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Charges in a Magnetic Field' - chanda-roberts

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

### Charges in a Magnetic Field

An electron entering a magnetic field experiences a force similar to that on a wire. A proton would experience a force in the opposite direction.

Since we have F = IlB,

and I = q ,

t

then we can substitute so we get

F = qlB ,

t

and l = v

t

Then, the force on a proton or electron, or any charged particle is:

F = qvB

Practice Problem: similar to that on a wire. A proton would experience a force in the

What is the force on a proton moving at 2.0 x 106 m/s in a magnetic field of 0.5 Tesla.

q = 1.6 x 10-19 C

v = 2.0 x 106 m/s

B = 0.5 T

F = qvB

F = (1.6 x 10-19 C)(2.0 x 106 m/s)(0.5T)

F = 1.6 x 10-13 N

Since a particle is free to move, upon entering a magnetic field, it will constantly change directions in response to the force, and it moves in a circle.

proton

+

-

electron

Magnetic field out of page

Mass Spectrometry field, it will constantly change directions in response to the force, and it moves in a circle.

A practical application of this, is a device known as a mass spectrometer, which uses the charge to mass ratio of ions to determine the masses of particles.

By measuring the speed of the particles and the radius of the path, we can use

F = qvB , and, Fc = mv2

r

then, qvB = mv2

r

And we get, q = v

m Br

If the charge on the particle is known, the mass can be calculated.

A Little History the path, we can use

• In 1897, J.J. Thomson found the charge to mass ration (q/m) for an electron.

• Between 1909-1913, Robert Millikin found the charge for an electron using his oil drop experiment.

• From this charge, the mass of the electron could be calculated

using Thomson’s ratio.

Electron Beams the path, we can use

An electron beam can be created through thermionic emission. An electron beam is generated when a filament is heated until it emits electrons.

Once they are emitted, the electrons are controlled by electric and magnetic fields.

Devices such as computer monitors, television tubes, and cathode ray tubes create electron beams.

A cathode ray tube is an evacuated glass tube with an electron source at one end, a screen at the other, and controlling plates and magnets in between.