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The Rise of Christianity. Chapter 6, Section 3. The Life and Teaching of Jesus. Romans Conquer Judea Rome conquers Judea in A.D. 6 Jews believe a Messiah, or savior, will free them. The Life and Teaching of Jesus. Jesus of Nazareth Jesus born in Bethlehem 6 to 4 B.C.

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the rise of christianity

The Rise of Christianity

Chapter 6, Section 3

the life and teaching of jesus
The Life and Teaching of Jesus
  • Romans Conquer Judea
    • Rome conquers Judea in A.D. 6
    • Jews believe a Messiah, or savior, will free them.
the life and teaching of jesus1
The Life and Teaching of Jesus
  • Jesus of Nazareth
    • Jesus born in Bethlehem 6 to 4 B.C.
    • Raised in Nazareth in the province of Galilee.
    • Carpenter until 30, then begins preaching.

Mosaic of Jesus at Church of San Apollinare Nuovo in Ravenna, Italy.

the life and teaching of jesus2
The Life and Teaching of Jesus
  • Jesus of Nazareth (continued)
    • Jesus performs miracles. (Matt, Mark, Luke, John)
    • Personal relationship with God,
    • Love for friends and enemies.
the life and teaching of jesus3
The Life and Teaching of Jesus
  • A Growing Movement
    • Apostles: Twelve men who are close disciples of Jesus.
    • Jesus ignores wealth and status
    • message appeals to the poor.

Sermon on the Mount by Danish painter Carl Heinrich Bloch, 1890.

the life and teaching of jesus4
The Life and Teaching of Jesus
  • Jesus Death
    • Roman governor Pontius Pilate sentences Jesus to be crucified.
    • Apostles believe Jesus resurrected from the dead.
    • Jesus comes to be called “Christos,” the Greek word for “savior”.
    • Followers spread Christianity—new religion based on the teachings of Jesus.
christianity spreads through the empire
Christianity Spreads Through the Empire
  • Paul’s Mission
    • named Saul, a Jewish Pharisee.
    • Persecutes Christians, but Jesus appears to him calling him to be an Apostle.
    • Paul stresses Jesus is the Son of God who died for people’s sins.
    • Paul is the author of 12 epistlesor letters to the churches in the New Testament

Saint Paul, by El Greco, circa 1608-1614

christianity spreads through the empire1
Christianity Spreads Through the Empire
  • .
        • Romans
        • 1 and 2 Corinthians
        • Galatians
        • Ephesians
        • Philippians
        • Colossians
        • 1 and 2 Thessalonians
        • The Pastoral Epistles to Timothy and Titus
        • Philemon
christianity spreads through the empire2
Christianity Spreads Through the Empire
  • Persecution of the Christians and Jews
    • considered enemies of the State - crucified, burned, and killed
    • Jews rebel against Rome - Romans destroy the Temple in 70 A.D.
    • Jews and Christians are barred from Jerusalem - ‘Diaspora’—centuries of Jewish exile.
a world religion
A World Religion
  • Christianity’s Expansion
    • Christianity becomes a powerful force and appeals to people because of these reasons:
      • embraces all people
      • gives hope to the powerless
      • appeals to those repelled by excess of Roman life
      • offers a personal relationship with God
      • promises eternal life after death
a world religion1
A World Religion
  • Constantine Accepts Christianity
    • Constantine - battles for Rome in A.D. 312.
    • He has a vision - the Christian symbol -they win the war- so he legalizes Christianity.
    • In A.D. 380 the Emperor Theodosius makes Christianity the religion of the empire.
a world religion2
A World Religion
  • Early Christian Church
    • Priests direct a single church (parish).
    • Bishops supervise numerous churches (diocese)
    • Peter is the first bishop of Rome.
    • Pope - father or head of Church.
    • Rome becomes the center of the Church.
a world religion3
A World Religion
  • A Single Voice
    • standard Christian beliefs are compiled
    • The New Testament is added
  • The Fathers of the Church
    • Augustine, bishop in North Africa
      • receiving the sacraments to obtain God’s grace
      • famous book, The City of God.
acts 11 26
Acts 11:26

“and when he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. For a whole year they met with the church and taught a great many people. And in Antioch the disciples were first called Christians.” (ESV)

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