The rise of christianity
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 16

The Rise of Christianity PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 68 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Rise of Christianity. Chapter 6, Section 3. The Life and Teaching of Jesus. Romans Conquer Judea Rome conquers Judea in A.D. 6 Jews believe a Messiah, or savior, will free them. The Life and Teaching of Jesus. Jesus of Nazareth Jesus born in Bethlehem 6 to 4 B.C.

Download Presentation

The Rise of Christianity

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The rise of christianity

The Rise of Christianity

Chapter 6, Section 3


The life and teaching of jesus

The Life and Teaching of Jesus

  • Romans Conquer Judea

    • Rome conquers Judea in A.D. 6

    • Jews believe a Messiah, or savior, will free them.


The life and teaching of jesus1

The Life and Teaching of Jesus

  • Jesus of Nazareth

    • Jesus born in Bethlehem 6 to 4 B.C.

    • Raised in Nazareth in the province of Galilee.

    • Carpenter until 30, then begins preaching.

Mosaic of Jesus at Church of San Apollinare Nuovo in Ravenna, Italy.


The life and teaching of jesus2

The Life and Teaching of Jesus

  • Jesus of Nazareth (continued)

    • Jesus performs miracles. (Matt, Mark, Luke, John)

    • Personal relationship with God,

    • Love for friends and enemies.


The life and teaching of jesus3

The Life and Teaching of Jesus

  • A Growing Movement

    • Apostles: Twelve men who are close disciples of Jesus.

    • Jesus ignores wealth and status

    • message appeals to the poor.

Sermon on the Mount by Danish painter Carl Heinrich Bloch, 1890.


The life and teaching of jesus4

The Life and Teaching of Jesus

  • Jesus Death

    • Roman governor Pontius Pilate sentences Jesus to be crucified.

    • Apostles believe Jesus resurrected from the dead.

    • Jesus comes to be called “Christos,” the Greek word for “savior”.

    • Followers spread Christianity—new religion based on the teachings of Jesus.


Christianity spreads through the empire

Christianity Spreads Through the Empire

  • Paul’s Mission

    • named Saul, a Jewish Pharisee.

    • Persecutes Christians, but Jesus appears to him calling him to be an Apostle.

    • Paul stresses Jesus is the Son of God who died for people’s sins.

    • Paul is the author of 12 epistlesor letters to the churches in the New Testament

Saint Paul, by El Greco, circa 1608-1614


Christianity spreads through the empire1

Christianity Spreads Through the Empire

  • .

    • Romans

    • 1 and 2 Corinthians

    • Galatians

    • Ephesians

    • Philippians

    • Colossians

    • 1 and 2 Thessalonians

    • The Pastoral Epistles to Timothy and Titus

    • Philemon


Christianity spreads through the empire2

Christianity Spreads Through the Empire

  • Persecution of the Christians and Jews

    • considered enemies of the State - crucified, burned, and killed

    • Jews rebel against Rome - Romans destroy the Temple in 70 A.D.

    • Jews and Christians are barred from Jerusalem - ‘Diaspora’—centuries of Jewish exile.


A world religion

A World Religion

  • Christianity’s Expansion

    • Christianity becomes a powerful force and appeals to people because of these reasons:

      • embraces all people

      • gives hope to the powerless

      • appeals to those repelled by excess of Roman life

      • offers a personal relationship with God

      • promises eternal life after death


A world religion1

A World Religion

  • Constantine Accepts Christianity

    • Constantine - battles for Rome in A.D. 312.

    • He has a vision - the Christian symbol -they win the war- so he legalizes Christianity.

    • In A.D. 380 the Emperor Theodosius makes Christianity the religion of the empire.


A world religion2

A World Religion

  • Early Christian Church

    • Priests direct a single church (parish).

    • Bishops supervise numerous churches (diocese)

    • Peter is the first bishop of Rome.

    • Pope - father or head of Church.

    • Rome becomes the center of the Church.


A world religion3

A World Religion

  • A Single Voice

    • standard Christian beliefs are compiled

    • The New Testament is added

  • The Fathers of the Church

    • Augustine, bishop in North Africa

      • receiving the sacraments to obtain God’s grace

      • famous book, The City of God.


Acts 11 26

Acts 11:26

“and when he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. For a whole year they met with the church and taught a great many people. And in Antioch the disciples were first called Christians.” (ESV)


  • Login