Solar car electrical system overview
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Solar Car Electrical System Overview PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Solar Car Electrical System Overview. Basic System Diagram. CAN Bus 1. Solar Array. Maximum PowerPoint Trackers. Vehicle Control and Data Acquisition Computer. HV Bus. Telemetry Radio. Battery Management System. Battery. Driver Display. Motor Controller. CAN Bus 2. Motor. LV Bus.

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Solar Car Electrical System Overview

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Solar car electrical system overview

Solar Car Electrical System Overview


Basic system diagram

Basic System Diagram

CAN Bus 1

Solar Array

Maximum PowerPoint Trackers

Vehicle Control and Data Acquisition Computer

HV Bus

Telemetry Radio

Battery Management System

Battery

Driver Display

Motor Controller

CAN Bus 2

Motor

LV Bus

Lights

Rear View Camera

DC/DC Converter


Solar array

Solar Array

  • 6m2 SunPower B30 monocrystalline silicon cells

  • Split into 4 sub-arrays

  • Specialist encapsulation, increasing efficiency by ~4%

  • 22% efficient overall

  • 1.3kW measured max power output

  • Value: £22,500


Maximum powerpoint trackers

Maximum PowerPoint Trackers

  • Also known as MPPTs

  • Built to custom specification by Drivetek

  • Essentially a DC/DC converter, converting array voltage to HV bus voltage

  • 98% efficient

  • 4 MPPTs, one to interface with each of the sub-arrays of solar cells


Motor motor controller

Motor & Motor Controller

  • 1.8kW CSIRO 3-phase brushless DC hub motor

  • 98% efficient

  • 4kW peak power

  • Custom designed hub, machined by Cambridge Precision

  • Value: £18,000

  • Motor Controller: Tritium Wavesculptor

  • Value: £5,500


Battery

Battery

  • LiFePO4 chemistry

  • Limited by World Solar Challenge regulations to 40kgs

  • Capacity of over 4kWhr

  • 125V nominal

  • Custom BMS with CAN interface module


Control and data acquisition

Control and Data Acquisition

  • Entire solution provided by National Instruments CompactRIO

  • Interfaces with CAN busses

  • Driver inputs and vehicle instrumentation connected directly to modules

  • Telemetry radio connected to serial output port


Control and data acquisition1

Control and Data Acquisition

  • High-speed control loop run in FPGA, providing fast, reliable response to driver inputs

  • Background loop run in Real-Time Controller

    • Sets maximum allowable currents

    • Determines preferred speed for cruise control

    • Logs all data

    • Selects data to be transmitted over telemetry, to minimise power consumption


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