Political philosophy philosophy 2b ray critch lecture 5 equality
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Political Philosophy Philosophy 2B - Ray Critch Lecture 5 - Equality PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Political Philosophy Philosophy 2B - Ray Critch Lecture 5 - Equality. In this lecture Kinds of Egalitarian Equality of What? Challenges to Equality. What Kind of Equality?. Kinds of Equality Scope - how far does equality extend? Moral Equality Dignity Individuals deserve equal respect

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Political Philosophy Philosophy 2B - Ray Critch Lecture 5 - Equality

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Political philosophy philosophy 2b ray critch lecture 5 equality

Political PhilosophyPhilosophy 2B - Ray CritchLecture 5 - Equality

In this lecture

Kinds of Egalitarian

Equality of What?

Challenges to Equality


What kind of equality

What Kind of Equality?

  • Kinds of Equality

    • Scope - how far does equality extend?

  • Moral Equality

    • Dignity

      • Individuals deserve equal respect

    • Not really in focus today

      • Deals more with providing a foundation for rights, or a rationale for many of the other approaches to equality.


What kind of equality1

What Kind of Equality?

  • Formal Equality

    • Equal Treatment

    • Treating Like Alike

    • Proceduralist

    • Problematic

      • Underdemanding - MWPA

      • Comparitor group


What kind of equality2

What Kind of Equality?

  • Substantive Equality

    • Equal outcome

    • Treating Different Differently

    • Consequential

    • Problems

      • Demandingness

      • Substantive Equality and Positive Freedom


Equality of what

Equality of What?

  • Welfare

    • How Measured?

      • Quality of Life - again, how measured?

      • Subjective Measures

        • Hedonistic

        • Preference Egalitarianism

      • Objective Measures

        • Well-being

    • Problem:

      • Desert and Choice


Equality of what1

Equality of What?

  • Resources

    • How Measured?

      • Basic Goods

      • Stuff

    • Problems

      • Expensive Tastes

      • Desert and Choice

      • Envy


Equality of what2

Equality of What?

  • Opportunity

    • Equal Playing Field

    • Usually opportunity for resources or welfare

      • Affirmative action?

    • Problems

      • Reducible to Welfare or Resources?

      • Best/Worst of both worlds?

      • Possible?


Equality of what3

Equality of What?

  • Capability

    • What Matters is not that people have equal resources/welfare/opportunity but what they can do with them.

    • Sufficientarian, usually

    • Problems

      • What threshold, Which Capabilities

      • Neutrality?


Challenges to equality

Challenges to Equality

  • Sufficientarian

    • Should we be seeking full equality, or equality of a basic threshold?

      • Levelling down objection.

      • Inequalities?

      • What about social norms?

  • Uniformity

    • Are inequalities simply a necessary consequence of difference?


Challenges to equality1

Challenges to Equality

  • Libertarian/Meritocratic

    • Equality as wrong

    • Slavery of the Superior

    • Moral Equality - Equality of Rights,

    • Limited Equality of Opportunity

  • Equality among who?

    • Comparitor Group Problem

    • Global v. Social Justice


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