political philosophy philosophy 2b ray critch lecture 5 equality
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Political Philosophy Philosophy 2B - Ray Critch Lecture 5 - Equality

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Political Philosophy Philosophy 2B - Ray Critch Lecture 5 - Equality. In this lecture Kinds of Egalitarian Equality of What? Challenges to Equality. What Kind of Equality?. Kinds of Equality Scope - how far does equality extend? Moral Equality Dignity Individuals deserve equal respect

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political philosophy philosophy 2b ray critch lecture 5 equality

Political PhilosophyPhilosophy 2B - Ray CritchLecture 5 - Equality

In this lecture

Kinds of Egalitarian

Equality of What?

Challenges to Equality

what kind of equality
What Kind of Equality?
  • Kinds of Equality
    • Scope - how far does equality extend?
  • Moral Equality
    • Dignity
      • Individuals deserve equal respect
    • Not really in focus today
      • Deals more with providing a foundation for rights, or a rationale for many of the other approaches to equality.
what kind of equality1
What Kind of Equality?
  • Formal Equality
    • Equal Treatment
    • Treating Like Alike
    • Proceduralist
    • Problematic
      • Underdemanding - MWPA
      • Comparitor group
what kind of equality2
What Kind of Equality?
  • Substantive Equality
    • Equal outcome
    • Treating Different Differently
    • Consequential
    • Problems
      • Demandingness
      • Substantive Equality and Positive Freedom
equality of what
Equality of What?
  • Welfare
    • How Measured?
      • Quality of Life - again, how measured?
      • Subjective Measures
        • Hedonistic
        • Preference Egalitarianism
      • Objective Measures
        • Well-being
    • Problem:
      • Desert and Choice
equality of what1
Equality of What?
  • Resources
    • How Measured?
      • Basic Goods
      • Stuff
    • Problems
      • Expensive Tastes
      • Desert and Choice
      • Envy
equality of what2
Equality of What?
  • Opportunity
    • Equal Playing Field
    • Usually opportunity for resources or welfare
      • Affirmative action?
    • Problems
      • Reducible to Welfare or Resources?
      • Best/Worst of both worlds?
      • Possible?
equality of what3
Equality of What?
  • Capability
    • What Matters is not that people have equal resources/welfare/opportunity but what they can do with them.
    • Sufficientarian, usually
    • Problems
      • What threshold, Which Capabilities
      • Neutrality?
challenges to equality
Challenges to Equality
  • Sufficientarian
    • Should we be seeking full equality, or equality of a basic threshold?
      • Levelling down objection.
      • Inequalities?
      • What about social norms?
  • Uniformity
    • Are inequalities simply a necessary consequence of difference?
challenges to equality1
Challenges to Equality
  • Libertarian/Meritocratic
    • Equality as wrong
    • Slavery of the Superior
    • Moral Equality - Equality of Rights,
    • Limited Equality of Opportunity
  • Equality among who?
    • Comparitor Group Problem
    • Global v. Social Justice
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