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Nuclear Proliferation and Arms Control (Part 4). Arms Control vs. Disarmament. Arms control : Any attempt to limit or regulate the number or the types of weapons that nations can possess. Disarmament : Actions that reduce the existing number of weapons

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Nuclear Proliferation and Arms Control (Part 4)

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Nuclear proliferation and arms control part 4

Nuclear Proliferation and Arms Control (Part 4)


Arms control vs disarmament

Arms Control vs. Disarmament

  • Arms control :

    Any attempt to limit or

    regulate the number or

    the types of weapons that

    nations can possess.

  • Disarmament:

    Actions that reduce the

    existing number of weapons

    or that ban certain types of

    weapons.


Bilateral disarmament u s russian arms control

Bilateral Disarmament(U.S. – Russian Arms Control)

CFR Interactive: U.S. - Russian Arms Control


Strategic nuclear weapons

Strategic Nuclear Weapons

  • Long-range weapons usually

    with destructive power over

    one megaton.

  • Carried on ICBMs, bombers,

    and submarines


Bilateral disarmament start i and ii treaties 1990s

Bilateral DisarmamentSTART I and II Treaties (1990s)

(Strategic Arms Reduction

Treaties)

  • First agreements to reduce

    strategic nuclear weapons.

  • Also eliminated all multi-

    warhead missiles (like the

    MX).

START I

START II


Bilateral disarmament moscow treaty 2002

Bilateral Disarmament Moscow Treaty (2002)


Bilateral disarmament moscow treaty 20021

Bilateral DisarmamentMoscow Treaty (2002)

(Strategic Offensive Reductions

Treaty)

  • U.S. and Russia agreed to reduce

    their deployed strategic warheads

    by two thirds - to between 1,700

    and 2,200by the end of 2012.

  • Didn’t require the destruction of

    any weapons -- allowed warheads

    to be put in storage instead.


Bilateral disarmament new start treaty 2010

Bilateral DisarmamentNew Start Treaty, 2010

  • Obama and Russian

    President Medvedev

    signed New Start Treaty

    in April, 2010.

CNN Coverage of Treaty

Announcement

New Start Treaty

Signing Ceremony

CNN Explanation of Treaty


Bilateral disarmament provisions of new start treaty

Bilateral DisarmamentProvisions of New Start Treaty

  • Limits U.S. and Russia to

    1,550 strategic warheads

    (30% reduction from the

    current limits).

  • Limits launchers to 800

    sub-based missiles, heavy

    bombers, and ICBMs (50%

    reduction from current

    limits.

  • Provides for inspections to

    verify compliance.


Senate debate over new start ratification

Senate Debate Over New Start Ratification

Anti- New Start Treaty Commercial

PRO New Start

Interview with H. Clinton and M.Mullin


December 2010 ratification of new start

December, 2010Ratification of New Start

  • Senate voted 71-26 to ratify

    New Start Treaty.

  • Every Democrat and thirteen

    Republicans voted to ratify.

    The 26 no votes were all from

    Republicans.

Report on Ratification of New Start Treaty


Nuclear proliferation and arms control part 4

  • B53 Thermonuclear Bomb

  • Designed to destroy a city

  • 9 megatons

  • 10,000 lbs. Size of minivan

  • 600 x more powerful than

  • Hiroshima A-bomb.

  • Would kill everyone within

  • 10 miles.

  • Would destroy structures

  • within 15 miles.

  • Lethal burns from heat to

  • exposed people within 30

  • miles

  • 340 built during Cold War.


Nuclear proliferation and arms control part 4

  • Remaining U.S. H-Bombs

  • Largest remaining bomb in

  • U.S. arsenal is B-83

  • 1.2 megatons.

  • 80x more powerful than

  • Hiroshima bomb.

  • Average U.S. warhead today

  • 300 kilotons

  • 24x more powerful than

  • Hiroshima bomb.

B-83 Thermonuclear Bombs


Tactical nuclear weapons

Tactical Nuclear Weapons

  • Short-range weapons designed

    for use on the battlefield.

  • Destructive power ranges from

    0.1 kiloton to 1.0 megatons.

  • Restrictions on tactical nukes?

    None. Not covered by any existing

    arms control treaties.


Tactical nuclear weapons1

Tactical Nuclear Weapons


Nuclear proliferation and arms control part 4

Tactical nuclear weapon test in Nevada


Nuclear proliferation and arms control part 4

Tactical Nuclear Weapon Test


Review bilateral disarmament

Review: Bilateral Disarmament

  • What’s the difference between arms control and disarmament?

  • What are strategic nuclear weapons?

  • Why were the START treaties of the 1990s significant?

  • What are the requirements of the 2010 New Start Treaty?

  • Has the U.S. Senate ratified New Start?

  • What are tactical nuclear weapons?

  • What are the existing limitations on tactical nuclear weapons?


Missile defense

Missile Defense


Abm treaty 1972

ABM Treaty (1972)

(Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty)

  • Prohibited U.S. and USSR

    from building national

    missile defense systems.

    Why?

  • Goal was to maintain

    MAD.

  • Bush withdrew U.S. from

    ABM Treaty in 2001.


Bush s missile defense plan

Bush’s Missile Defense Plan

  • A limited missile defense

    system to defend U.S. and

    Europe against missiles

    launched by states such as

    North Korea or Iran.

  • Interceptor missiles

    based in Alaska, California,

    ships at sea, and Poland.

  • Interceptors programmed

    to hit and destroy incoming

    missiles in mid-flight.


Nuclear proliferation and arms control part 4

What two

concerns

about missile

defense are

expressed in

this political

cartoon?


Nuclear proliferation and arms control part 4

What

concern

about

missile

defense

does this

cartoon

express?


Nuclear proliferation and arms control part 4

Does this

cartoonist

support

missile

defense?


Review missile defense

Review: Missile Defense

  • What Cold War treaty prohibited missile defense?

  • Why was missile defense considered to be dangerous?

  • Why did President Bush withdraw the U.S.

    from the ABM Treaty?

  • Explain how the missile defense system deployed by Bush is designed to work.


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