Minnesota prairie
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MINNESOTA PRAIRIE. ANIMALS. WOODCHUCK. Brown Prominent bushy tail Small ears Short legs. STRIPED SKUNK. Black with two broad white stripes on back meeting in cap on head and shoulders Thin white stripe down center of face Bushy black tail, often with white tip or fringe. SPOTTED SKUNK.

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MINNESOTA PRAIRIE

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Minnesota prairie

MINNESOTA PRAIRIE

ANIMALS


Woodchuck

WOODCHUCK

  • Brown

  • Prominent bushy tail

  • Small ears

  • Short legs


Striped skunk

STRIPED SKUNK

  • Black with two broad white stripes on back meeting in cap on head and shoulders

  • Thin white stripe down center of face

  • Bushy black tail, often with white tip or fringe


Spotted skunk

SPOTTED SKUNK

  • Black with horizontal white stripes on neck and shoulders

  • Irregular vertical stripes and elongated spots on sides

  • Black tail with white tip


Cottontail rabbit

COTTONTAIL RABBIT

  • Grayish brown above interspersed with some black

  • Forehead often has white spot

  • Distinct rust colored nape

  • Short tail, cottony white below


Mountain lion

MOUNTAIN LION

  • Yellowish to tawny above, white overlaid with buff below

  • Long tail with black tip


Red fox

RED FOX

  • Rusty reddish above, white underparts, chin and throat

  • Long, bushy tail with white tip

  • Back of ears, lower legs, and feet are black


Minnesota prairie1

MINNESOTA PRAIRIE

REPTILES

AND

AMPHIBIANS


Plains garter snake

PLAINS GARTER SNAKE

  • Dark in color

  • Back and side stripes well defined


Green snake

GREEN SNAKE

  • Bright, grass-green with long, tapering tail

  • Belly white, tinged with pale yellow


Leopard frog

LEOPARD FROG

  • Slender brown or green frog with large, light-edged dark spots between light colored dorsolateral ridges

  • Light stripe on upper jaw

  • Eardrum without light center


Western chorus frog

WESTERN CHORUS FROG

  • Greenish to gray-brown

  • Three dark stripes down back

  • Dark stripe through eye and white stripe along upper lid

  • Sounds like fingernail running over the teeth of a comb


Minnesota prairie2

MINNESOTA PRAIRIE

BIRDS


Meadowlark

MEADOWLARK

  • Streaked brown above, bright yellow below with bold black “V” on breast

  • Voice - rich, flute-like jumble of gurgling notes


Killdeer

KILLDEER

  • Brown above with white below with two black bands across breast

  • Long legs

  • Voice - a shrill “kill-deee, kil-deee,” also “dee-dee-dee”


Song sparrow

SONG SPARROW

  • A common sparrow with heavily streaked underparts and large central spot on breast

  • Voice - “madge-madge-madge, put-on-your-tea-kettle-ettle-ettle”


American kestrel

AMERICAN KESTREL

  • A jay sized falcon often seen hovering

  • Rusty tail and back, slate blue wings

  • Two black stripes on face

  • Voice - shrill “killy-killy-killy”


Red tailed hawk

RED-TAILED HAWK

  • A large, stocky hawk

  • Whitish breast and rust colored tail

  • Voice - high-pitched descending scream with a hoarse quality “keeeeer”


Indigo bunting

INDIGO BUNTING

  • Brilliant turquoise blue, wings and tail darker

  • Voice - rapid, excited warble; each note or phrase given twice


American goldfinch

AMERICAN GOLDFINCH

  • Bright yellow with white rump; black forehead; white edges on black wings and tail

  • In winter, changes to a dull gray

  • Voice - bright “per-chick-o-ree” also rendered as “potato chips”


Eastern bluebird

EASTERN BLUEBIRD

  • Bright blue above and on wings and tail

  • Rusty throat and breast

  • White belly

  • Voice - a liquid and musical “turee” or “queedle”


Baltimore northern oriole

BALTIMORE (NORTHERN) ORIOLE

  • Black head, back, wings, and tail; orange breast, rump, and shoulder patch; two dull white wing bars

  • Voice - clear and flutelike whistled single or double notes in short distinct phrases


White crowned sparrow

WHITE CROWNED SPARROW

  • Crown has bold black and white stripes

  • Underparts pearly gray

  • Pink bill

  • Voice - a short series of clear whistles followed by buzzy notes


American robin

AMERICAN ROBIN

  • Gray above, brick red below

  • Head and tail black

  • Voice - a series of rich caroling notes “cheer- up, cheerily, cheer-up, cheerily”


Mourning dove

MOURNING DOVE

  • A soft, sandy buff color with long pointed tail bordered with white

  • Black spots on wings

  • Voice - a low, mournful “coo-ah, coo, coo, coo”


Brown headed cowbird

BROWN-HEADED COWBIRD

  • Black with glossy brown head

  • Voice - a squeaky gurgle; call is “check” or a rattle


European starling

EUROPEAN STARLING

  • A short-tailed chunky iridescent black bird

  • Long, pointed bill is yellow

  • Plumage is flecked with spots

  • Voice - often imitates other birds; call a descending “whee-ee”


Common grackle

COMMON GRACKLE

  • Long wedge-shaped tail

  • Appears all black, but is actually highly iridescent

  • Bright yellow eyes

  • Voice - clucks; high pitched, rising screech like a rusty hinge


House wren

HOUSE WREN

  • A tiny bird with a short tail that is often held cocked over the back

  • Dusky brown above, paler below

  • Voice - a gurgling, bubbling, exuberant song, first rising then falling


Barn swallow

BARN SWALLOW

  • Deeply forked tail

  • Upper parts dark steel blue, underparts buff

  • Throat and forehead rusty

  • Voice - constant liquid twittering and chattering


Tree swallow

TREE SWALLOW

  • Metallic blue or blue-green

  • Clear, white underparts

  • Voice - cheerful series of liquid twitters


American crow

AMERICAN CROW

  • A stocky black bird with stout bill and fan-shaped tail

  • Voice - familiar “caw-caw”


Eastern kingbird

EASTERNKINGBIRD

  • Blackish head

  • Blue-black mantle and wings

  • Black tail with white terminal band

  • White below

  • Voice - a sharp “dzee” or “dzeet”


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