Dehydration Synthesis
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Dehydration Synthesis (Condensation Reaction). Hydrolysis. Is how larger molecules are. Is how larger molecules are. Can use more than once Removing water Polymers Monomers Adding water Built up Broken down Starch  glucose+ glucose+ glucose Glucose + fructose  sucrose. by. by.

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Dehydration Synthesis (Condensation Reaction)

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Dehydration synthesis condensation reaction

Dehydration Synthesis

(Condensation Reaction)

Hydrolysis

Is how larger molecules are

Is how larger molecules are

  • Can use more than once

  • Removing water

  • Polymers

  • Monomers

  • Adding water

  • Built up

  • Broken down

  • Starch glucose+ glucose+ glucose

  • Glucose + fructose  sucrose.

by

by

So bonds can be made between

So bonds in

Are broken down into

To build up

for example

For example


Dehydration synthesis condensation reaction

Carbohydrates

Foods

Used for

Different levels of complexity

Means 1 sugar

Means 2 sugars

Means many sugar

examples

examples

examples

v

v

v

v

v

v

v

Found in insects for

Found in plants for

Found in plants for

Found in animals for

v

v

v

v

  • Glucose

  • Lactose

  • Pasta

  • Storage

  • Structure

  • Energy

  • Galactose

  • Fruit

  • Glycogen

  • Sugar

  • Starch

  • Sucrose

  • Cellulose

  • Disaccharide

  • Cell wall

  • Polysaccharide

  • chitin

  • Short term energy storage

  • Fructose

  • Exoskeleton

  • Monosaccharide

  • Milk


Dehydration synthesis condensation reaction

Are used for

foods

Lipids

1.

2.

3.

1.

2.

3.

4.

All lipids are

(Which means they do not mix with water)

3 groups or classes of lipids are

v

v

Made of

have 4 fused rings and makes up

Goes towards the inside away from water

Used for

v

and

v

v

v

Which can be

v

Liquid at room temp and contains

Examples

Component of

Solid at room temp

v

v

v

v

If there is too much it can lead to

v

Goes towards the outside toward water

v

v

Examples

v

v


Dehydration synthesis condensation reaction

  • Lipid word bank:

  • Oils

  • Triglyceride

  • Hydrophobic

  • Steroids

  • Cholesterol

  • Insulation

  • Cell membranes

  • Protection

  • Testosterone

  • Unsaturated

  • Butter

  • Waxes

  • Fatty acids

  • Estrogen

  • Saturated

  • Long term energy storage

  • Hormones

  • Component of cell membrane

  • fats

  • Avacado

  • Phospholipids Bilayer

  • Glycerol

  • Cardiovascular Disease ( Heart Disease)

  • Hydrophobic Tails

  • Cell membrane

  • Hydrophilic Head

  • Chemical Signals

  • Steak


Dehydration synthesis condensation reaction

Foods

Proteins

1.

2.

3.

4.

Used for

1.

2.

3.

Made up of

  • Word bank for proteins:

  • Peptide bonds

  • 20 amino acids

  • Proteins

  • Meat

  • Hormones (chemical signals)

  • Structure (hair and nails)

  • Dairy

  • Eggs

  • Beans

  • Enzymes

Which have the following chemical structure(draw)

Build up by forming these bonds

To make polypeptides which can then form


Dehydration synthesis condensation reaction

Test for Organic Molecules

Use indicators To Test for

Lipids

Carbohydrates

Protein

Mixed with

On paper it will turn

If protein is present it will turn

Mixed with

Mixed with

+

If starch is present it will turn

Heat

For 5 minutes

  • Word Bank

  • Biuret Solution

  • Heat for 5 min

  • Orange

  • Proteins

  • Make it look waxy

  • Purple

  • brown

Is simple sugars are present it will turn

  • Blue

  • Benedict’s Solution

  • Starch

  • Simple monosaccharaides

  • Iodine

  • Blue/black

  • Lipids

  • Sudan Red IV

  • Get spotted


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