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US History. Chapter 9 Section 2. Conestoga wagon. Section 2-4. Click the Speaker button to replay the audio. Westward Expansion. Many farmers moved West into Kentucky and TN Conestoga Wagons – sturdy vehicles with white canvas tops Two main possessions – Rifle and Ax

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us history

US History

Chapter 9

Section 2

section 2 4

Conestoga wagon

Section 2-4

Click the Speaker buttonto replay the audio.

westward expansion
Westward Expansion
  • Many farmers moved West into Kentucky and TN
    • Conestoga Wagons – sturdy vehicles with white canvas tops
    • Two main possessions – Rifle and Ax
  • Louisiana Territory - area west of the Mississippi River (claimed by Spain)
    • Anchored by the trading port of New Orleans
    • Spanish allowed the settlers to use NO for a port
    • From NO, the goods sailed to the East Coast
  • Spain secretly traded the Territory to France
    • Napoleon Bonaparte – France’s leader
    • Jefferson feared French control of the Territory
it is revolting
It is Revolting
  • Santa Domingo – Caribbean naval base
    • Africans, inspired by the French Revolution, revolted against the island’s plantation owners
    • Led by Toussaint-Louverture
    • Bonaparte captured the leader, but could not regain control
    • Island renamed to original name = Haiti
  • Napoleon decided to sell the Louisiana Territory
    • Charles de Tallyrand tells America it is for sale
    • Livingston and James Monroe – agreed to $15 million
    • The Purchase doubled the American land mass
    • Jefferson worried that it was illegal, but Congress supported it
dfs 9 2

DFS 9-2

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lewis and clark
Lewis and Clark
  • Meriwether Lewis,28 year old secretary, and William Clark, 32 year old co-leader
    • Job was to scientifically explore the new territory
    • Left St. Lewis in the spring of 1804 and followed the Missouri River
    • After encountering many Native American groups, a Shoshone girl named Sacagawea joined the group
    • After 18 months and 4,000 miles, the group reached the Pacific Ocean
    • The expedition returned in September 1806
  • Zebulon Pike – led two expeditions
    • Traveled North through CO and saw a peak he called “Grand Peak” (today called “Pikes Peak”)
    • Traveled South (were captured by the Spanish)
civil unrest
Civil Unrest
  • Federalists feared that the Territory would created more Republican states
    • They planned to secede- withdrawal
    • They wanted New England to form the “Northern Confederacy”
    • Federalists turned to Aaron Burr to try to gain control of New York, thus creating the Confederacy
  • Alexander Hamilton accused Aaron Burr of treason
    • Burr lost the election for governor and blamed Hamilton
    • Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel
    • July 1804 – Weehawken, NJ – the two men were armed to fire
      • Burr shot Hamilton, who died the next day, and fled from arrest
section 2 18

Checking for Understanding

Define Match the terms on the right with their definitions on the left.

__ 1. to leave or withdraw

__ 2. sturdy vehicle topped with white canvas and used by pioneers to move west

A. Conestoga wagon

B. secede

B

A

Section 2-18

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