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U N I T E D N A T I O N S I N D U S T R I A L D EVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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U N I T E D N A T I O N S I N D U S T R I A L D EVELOPMENT O RGANIZATION. I NTERNATIONAL C E N T R E FOR H Y D R O G E N E N E R G Y T ECHNOLOG I ES. UNIDO-ICHET Support in Relation to Hydrogen Energy Perspectives in the Developing World Dr. N. Lymberopoulos

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slide1

UN I T E D

NA T I O N S

INDUSTRIAL

DEVELOPMENT

ORGANIZATION

INTERNATIONAL

C E N T R E FOR

H YDROGEN

EN ERG Y

TECHNOLOGIES

UNIDO-ICHET Support

in Relation to Hydrogen Energy Perspectives in the Developing World

Dr. N. Lymberopoulos

Associate Director

Hydrogen on Islands Conference, Bol, 22-25 October 2008

slide2

Contents of Presentation

  • A hydrogen-inclusive future
  • Mission and activities of ICHET
    • Demo projects
    • R&D
    • Other activities
  • Conclusions

The International Centre for Hydrogen Energy Technologies is a UNIDO project with the mission of demonstrating viable implementations of hydrogen energy technologies and facilitating their widespread use in developing countries.

slide3

A Hydrogen-inclusive Future

Reasons:

  • Fuel availability
  • Reducing the environmental impact of usingCnHm
  • Independence from oil-producing countries

In the future there will be 2 major energy carriers:

  • Electricity (for lighting, communications and informatics )
  • Hydrogen (replacing liquid and gaseous fuels in heating and transport)

The International Centre for Hydrogen Energy Technologies is a UNIDO project with the mission of demonstrating viable implementations of hydrogen energy technologies and facilitating their widespread use in developing countries.

slide4

A Hydrogen-inclusive Future

Where will the H2 come from? Where will it be used?

The International Centre for Hydrogen Energy Technologies is a UNIDO project with the mission of demonstrating viable implementations of hydrogen energy technologies and facilitating their widespread use in developing countries.

slide5

A Hydrogen-inclusive Future

  • Who is working on H2 and FCs?
  • US, Canada, EU, Japan, IPHE, IEA-HIA
  • And what about the developing world?

The International Centre for Hydrogen Energy Technologies is a UNIDO project with the mission of demonstrating viable implementations of hydrogen energy technologies and facilitating their widespread use in developing countries.

  • Over 70% of increase in world primary energy demand between 2004-2030 comes from developing countries.
  • By 2030, China and India account for 57% of world coal demand, up from 43% in 2004.
slide6

UNIDO-ICHET Mission

The International Centre for Hydrogen Energy Technologies is a UNIDO project with the mission of demonstrating viable implementations of hydrogen energy technologies and facilitating their widespread use in developing countries.

slide7

UNIDO-ICHET Background

  • UNIDO-ICHET is located in Istanbul, Turkey
  • Formed in 2003 – trust fund agreement between
  • UNIDO and Turkish Government (Ministry of
  • Energy and Natural Resources)
  • Started operation in 2004
  • Budget $40M over 5 years
  • Currently, staff of about 25
slide8

UNIDO-ICHET Activities

  • Design and implementation of demonstration projects
    • Fuel cell fork-lift, Turkey
    • FC-based UPS, Turkey
    • H2 3-wheelers, Taj Mahal, India
    • Sahara Wind Hydrogen Project, Morocco
    • Bozca Hydrogen island, Turkey
  • R&D projects / Test laboratories
    • PEM FCs
    • Sea water electrolysis (WaterSafe, GR)
    • PVC pipelines for H2 distribution
  • Conferences and workshops
  • Training and education
  • Networking
  • Building our campus
slide9

ICHET Support to International Projects

  • Feasibility Studies
    • Support up to 10 studies / year at US$ 10,000 per study, 100% funding
    • An additional US$ 15,000 is available from BSEC
    • Application form available to download at web site
    • Inform applicants of evaluators comments
    • Allows expert / consortia to apply
    • Evaluations every 3 months
  • Pilot Projects
    • Support 1-2 selected projects per year in developing countries with an ICHET support of up to 500,000 of US$, 50% funding
slide10

Feasibility Studies

  • Hydrogen from hydropower
  • Hydrogen powered three-wheelers
  • Hydrogen from biomass
  • Hydrogen buses
  • Hydrogen from solar energy
  • Hydrogen from renewable energy
  • Hydrogen from wind energy

Algiers

Azores

Portugal

Romania

China

Azerbaijan

S. Korea

Turkey

India

Morocco

Algiers

Libya

Brazil

Argentina

S. Africa

slide11

Feasibility Studies

  • Recent contracts assigned
    • BLACKSEAH2S (Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine) exploit Black Sea Hydrogen Sulphide to produce H2, water, sulphur.
    • Wind Desalination and Hydrogen Power for Cape Verde, ELECTRA, S.A.R.L.
slide12

Demonstration Projects

  • H2 3-wheelers in India
  • Official commitment to support H2 Tri-Wheeler Project in India in collaborationwithIIT Delhi
  • 15 vehicles will be converted to run on H2 in the city of Agra, taking visitors from the rail station to the Taj Mahal
  • 4 partners involved, IIT Delhi, Mahindra & Mahindra, UNIDO-India, ICHET . Possibly Air Products.
  • Total budget 1 M US$, ICHET support of 0.5 M US$ in the form of funds to experts and equipment
slide15

Demonstration Projects

  • Bozcaada H2 island
slide16

Bozcaada ( Bozca Island ) – Some Facts

  • Bozca Island, ‘Bozcaada” in Turkish, is an island located in the west of
  • Dardanelles and the city of Canakkale in the Aegean Sea.
  • It has one of the highest wind energy potentials throughout Turkey.
    • The average wind speed throughout the year is 7.0 m/s.
    • The wind speed is more than 17.1 m/s for 34.5 days and is between
    • 10.8 and 17.1 m/s 86.2 days.
  • There is an existing wind farm of 10.2 MW capacity which serves the
  • need of the mainland
  • Population of the island increases from 2500-3000 residents to 10000
  • during summer months
  • The island is a very well-known tourist resort in Turkey

Due to its high wind energy capacity, Bozcaada is one of the most preferred locations to take advantage of renewable energies in Turkey and is thus also an ideal showcase for Hydrogen energy technologies

slide17

Bozcaada Hydrogen System Flowchart

Control Strategy

25 kW wind turbine

20 kW PV panels

Local grid 220V

10 kW Fuel Cell UPS

H2 storage @20 bars

H2

Governor’s House

H2

H2O

Compressor

10 kW Fuel Cell UPS

25 kW PEM Electrolyzer

Hospital

H2 storage cylinders @220 bar

5 kW Fuel Cell UPS

Hospital

5 kW Fuel Cell Boat

5 kW Fuel Cell Golf-cart

slide18

Bozcaada Hydrogen System Components

  • The system components for Bozca Island Project are;
  • 10 kW PV Panels on the roof of the Governor’s building
  • 10-20 kW Wind Turbine at an adjacent hill
  • Reverse Osmosis System
  • 20-40 kW Electrolyzer
  • Compressor
  • Conventional H2 Storage Tanks
  • Hydrogen Filling System
  • Hydrogen Cylinders
  • 5 kW FC-based UPS System at a local hospital
  • FC-driven Golf-Cart
  • FC-driven Boat
slide20

Demonstration Projects

  • Sedef island stand-alone H2-system
  • Sedef Island;
  • located at the southeast of Istanbul which has 32.9 hectares of land
  • The highest point on the island was measured as 55 m
  • The residents founded the ‘Sedef Island Protection Society’
  • Project objectives:
  • to meet the electricity demand of 2 workers house through RES (windturbine+
  • PV panels)
  • to produce H2 from RES and use it in

the H2-UPS system and H2 cookers in

the houses

slide22

SEDEF ISLAND RES-H2 ENERGY SYSTEM

H2O

10 kW Wind Turbine

Workers House

3 kW PV Panels

SOT Water Heaters

H2O

Reverse Osmosis

2 kW Fuel Cell

2.5-5 kW PEM Electrolyser

H2

H2 storage in MH tanks @15 bars

H2

H2- Cooker

H2

RE electricity

Battery

2 kW FC-UPS

Hydrogen stainless pipeline

Health Center

PV Solar Panels & Wind Turbine & Inverters & Reverse Osmosis & Electrolyser & H2 Storage&Fuel Cell will all be installed on the land belonging to Islands Municipality

slide23

Sedef Island Project Details

  • BILL OF MATERIALS :
  • Pre-fabricated House ( with basic furniture & infrastr.) 30 m2
  • Wind Turbine 10 kW
  • Photovoltaic ( PV ) Panels 3 kW
  • Solar Thermal Water Heaters on top of the House
  • Reverse Osmosis
  • High-Pressure Electrolyser 2.5-5 kW
  • Metal Hydride ( MH ) Storage Tanks 20 m3
  • Fuel Cell ( for UPS of Health Center ) 2 kW
  • Fuel Cell ( for electricity generation for Workers House ) 2 kW
  • H2-Cooker 2 kW
  • Batteries
  • H2-Stainless Steel Piping 200 m
  • Electricity Lines
  • PROJECT TIMING:
  • Project Completion Period 15-18 months
slide24

Demonstration Projects

  • Hydrogen-Fuel Cell Uninterrupted Power Supply
  • Project objectives:
  • to introduce environmentally friendly energy technologies in daily life through demonstrations
  • Project benefits:
  • public awareness on applications of
  • Hydrogen and fuel cell technologies
  • to encourage local companies to
  • take part in assembly & supply chain
  • Project deliverables:
  • three 5 kW UPS system in different
  • locations
  • dissemination events

Project partners:

ICHET, İDO

slide26

Demonstration Projects

  • Hydrogen-Fuel Cell Powered Forklift
  • Project objectives:
  • to design the prototype fork lift using a 8 kW fuel cell and suitable
  • hydrogen storage systems to fit within the existing battery compartment.
  • Project benefits:
  • to provide consistent power while releasing no harmful emissions
  • to conduct trial runs and demonstrations
  • to submit healthy ambiance to the forklift operator
  • Project deliverables
  • design and production of the fork lift
  • and procurement of the fuel cell
  • mounting the fuel cell to the fork lift
  • operational trials and demonstration

Project partners:

ICHET, ÇUMİTAŞ

slide28

Demonstration Projects

  • Kobold sea current turbine
  • Project objectives:
  • technology demonstration by producing electricity via a Kobold Turbine
  • coupled to a sea water electrolyzer for Hhydrogen production
  • to produce electric energy to cover the energy need of IMM restaurant
  • Project benefits:
  • to diffuse the energy production from RES
  • to encourage local investments on the energy potential of the Turkish
  • coasts
  • Project deliverables:
  • to operate an approximately
  • 20 kW Kobold Turbine in the
  • BosphorusStrait

Project partners:

ICHET, TEMSAN, İSTANBUL ENERJİ/IMM

slide30

Demonstration Projects

  • Hydrogen Fuel Cell Boat in Golden Horn
  • Project objectives:
  • to construct and operate a fuel cell powered sight-seeing boat running
  • inGolden Horn
  • to involve local industry to contribute
  • Project benefits:
  • Hydrogen technology demonstration and public education
  • local technology contribution and involvement
  • Project deliverables:
  • afuel cell boat with 50+ passenger
  • capacity
  • operational data for further
  • implementation

Project partners:

IMM/BELBIM, ICHET, IDO, GYTE,

HABAŞ, SME’s

slide32

Research Projects

  • Fuel cells
    • Characterization and testing
    • System design and controls
    • Application specific integration
  • Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engines
  • Hydrogen storage & distribution
    • Storage in Metal hydrides
    • Storage in Borohydrides ( e.g. NaBH4 storage )
    • Transport in PVC-based piping
  • Hydrogen production
    • Seawater electrolysis
    • From biomass
    • Photo-electrochemical water splitting
    • Coal gasification
slide33

Laboratory Infrastructure

  • Fuel Cell Testing Lab
    • Equipment purchased and installed in the
    • basement of present facility; capable of fuel
    • cell testing and diagnostic from single cell to
    • 12 kW stack
  • Hydrogen Production & Storage
    • Two 600 cc/min and one 18 lit/min electrolyzers
    • MH cylinders for storage
  • Hydrogen Analytical Testing Lab
    • FTIR & UV-Visible Spectrometers
    • Porosimetry & Gas Adsorption Analyzers
    • Thermo-Gravimetric Analyzer
    • Scanning Calorimeter & Gas Chromatograph
    • Glove box
slide34

Research Projects

  • Building and Testing a H2 ICE
  • Project objectives:
  • to design a HICE ( Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engine ) with its
  • accessories
  • to create public awareness on applications of hydrogen on field
  • to encouragelocal companies to invest inH2 energy technologies
  • Project benefits:
  • experience will be gained in
  • design and development of HICE
  • Project deliverables:
  • to design and develop an
  • internal combustion engine
  • ( ICE ) running on Hydrogen fuel

Project partners:

ICHET, YAVUZ MOTORS

slide35

Research Projects

  • H2 permeation in thermo plastic piping
  • Project objectives:
  • to set up an Ultra High Vacuum (UHV) Permeation rig in order to
  • measure Hydrogen permeation
  • to design a complimentary UHV to test the leakage rates of these pipes
  • attheir joints and fittings
  • Project benefits:
  • to constitute data for designing H2 storage and transportation products
  • Project deliverables:
  • to demonstrate reliable thermo plastic pipesfor long distancesH2
  • transportation
  • to improve the rig to measure Hydrogen permeation of other
  • materials

Project partners:

ICHET, DİZAYN GROUP

slide36

Research Projects

  • Bio-Electro Hydrogen Production from Biomass
  • Project objectives:
  • Hydrogenproduction with a bio-reactor coupled to an electrolyser
  • Project benefits:
  • pure Hydrogen will be produced directly from the main process
  • Hydrogen will be produced at a lower cost compared to H2O electrolysis
  • the side product of this process from the bioreactor will be an oxidized
  • organic mass which can be utilized in many different ways
  • Project deliverables:
  • design of the Bio-Electro combined system at demonstration level
  • optimization of the process parameters at demonstration level
  • economical analysis of the process at industrial level

Project partners:

Çukurova University, Edinburgh University, ICHET, Ege University, Koç University

slide37

Education and Training

  • Short Courses
  • Project objectives:
  • to organize short courses on H2 & fuel cell technologies
  • to provide hands-on training opportunities in the lab
  • Project benefits:
  • individuals from developing countries will receive
  • practical training
  • technology, safety & future energy aspects will be
  • understood by participants
  • Project deliverables:
  • quarterly short courses
  • international summer school on PEMFC jointly with JRC,
  • in July 2008
    • 40 international students from Italy, Iran, S.Africa,
    • Hungary, Bulgaria, Croatia & Turkey
  • First time, a two-day short course covering H2 & fuelcellsbasics wascompleted
    • 35 attendants from universities, companies
    • laboratory sessions
  • Repeated quarterly with international participation
slide38

Education and Training

  • Workshops, Conferences
  • Project objectives:
  • to sponsor, organize
  • conferences & side-events
  • on Hydrogen & fuel cells
  • Project benefits:
  • Hydrogen technology
  • dissemination
  • ICHET recognition in the field
  • Project deliverables:
  • IPHE -International Partnership for Hydrogen Energy Forum, 22-23April 2008, Moscow,Russia
  • ICCI– 4thInternat.Energy & Environmen.Technol.Syst.Fair & Confer., 15-17.May 2008, Istanbul
  • WHEC - 17th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, 15-19 June 2008, Brisbane, Australia
  • ECOSOC (United Nations Economic and Social Council ), 30 June-02 July 2008, New York , USA
  • International Summer School on PEM fuel Cells, 14-18 July 2008, Zeytinburnu, Istanbul
  • 2nd China International Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Expo 2008, 07-09 August 2008, Shanghai, China
  • 4thAnnual Fuel Cells & Hydrogen General Assembly in Brussels, 14-15October 2008
  • Hydrogen on Islands : International Conference, Island of Brac, Croatia, 22-25 October 2008
slide39

Networking

  • Hydrogen Islands
  • formed an informal competence network of interested stakeholders
  • H2 Islands Initiative kick-off meeting, Brussels, October 2007
  • ICHET is acting as a secretariat / moderator of this network
  • established a web site and a “blog”
  • ICHET side event on H2 Islands during the WHEC 2008, 15-19 June, Brisbane, Australia
  • Hydrogen on Islands Conference, 22-25 October 2008. Croatia
  • Aim of conferences: bringing together island communities (needs) and technology providers (answers)
slide40

International Collaborations

  • ICHET has been accepted to become a Full Member of the EU-New European Researchers Grouping on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen of Joint Undertaking ( JU ) ( 12,000 Euro/yr )
  • ICHET is a candidate for membership in the ExCo of the Hydrogen Implementing Agreement ( HIA ) and is already participating in meetings of Tasks 18 & 24 as an invited observer ( 10,000 $/yr )
slide41

International Collaborations

  • MoU – International
  • ICHET is in the process of signing an MoU with the Joint
  • Research Council of the EC to jointly undertake R&D and
  • Education activities in the field of fuel cells
  • ICHET is in the process of signing an MoU with the
  • University of Glamorgan, Renewable Hydrogen Energy
  • Research and Demonstration Center
  • ICHET is in the process of signing an MoU with the
  • Secretariat of Developing-8Countries
  • ICHET is in the process of signing an MoU with the
  • Hydrogen University
slide42

Conclusions

  • UNIDO-ICHET
  • aims to support developing countries ‘leap-frog’ over
  • conventional energy technologies to Hydrogen
  • supports sustainable growth in developing countries;
    • contribute to the exploitation of indigenous renewable
    • energy sources
    • support local industry & help creating local jobsin the
    • Hydrogen energy field
  • its instruments are:
    • Demo projects
    • Applied R&D
    • Education and training
    • Networking
  • we will be happy to hear of your interest to collaborate on
  • such activities
slide43

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!

The International Centre for Hydrogen Energy Technologies is a UNIDO project with the mission of demonstrating viable implementations of hydrogen energy technologies and facilitating their widespread use in developing countries.

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