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Let s get technical standards best practices and guidelines for pedestrian facilities in the public right of way for montana department of transportation

Let’s Get Technical:

Standards, Best Practices, and Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities in the Public Right-of-Way

For Montana Department of Transportation

presented by Geoff Ames

April 2, 2014


Disclaimer

Disclaimer

  • Information, materials, and/or technical assistance are intended solely as informal guidance, and are neither a determination of your legal rights or responsibilities under the ADA, nor binding on any agency with enforcement responsibility under the ADA.

  • ADA Center authorized by NIDRR to provide information, materials, and technical assistance to individuals and entities that are covered by the ADA.


Regional centers

Regional Centers

www.adata.org


Ada center functions

ADA Center Functions

  • Technical Assistance / ADA Information

  • Referral & Networking with other Disability Organizations

  • Research

  • Training

  • Material Dissemination


Newsletter

Newsletter

Keep up to date!

  • Monthly E-newsletter

  • Quarterly Hardcopy Newsletter

    Sign up: www.adainformation.org

    Free!


Meeting the challenge inc

Meeting the Challenge, Inc.

  • Operates the Rocky Mountain ADA Center project

  • Generates materials and products that support accessibility

  • Offers customized implementation services

  • Provides training on various disability rights laws


Mtc implementation services

MTC Implementation Services

Providing customized solutions for:

  • Municipal Self Evaluations and Transition Plans

  • Municipal and County Facility and Program Accessibility

  • Commercial Facility Accessibility


This session will cover

This Session Will Cover:

  • Highlights of the comparison of available guidelines, standards, and best practices for pedestrian facilities in the public right-of-way

    • Introduction/Background

    • Elements of Pedestrian Facilities

    • Scoping – where, when, how many

    • Technical provisions –design specifications


The rules to follow

THE Rules to Follow?

Revised Draft Guidelines for Accessible Public Rights-of-Way (11/23/2005)

ADA Standards for Transportation Facilities (11/29/2006)

ADA Standards for Accessible Design (9/15/2010)

Proposed Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities in the Public Right-of-Way (7/26/2011)

Proposed Supplements to Proposed Accessibility Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities in the Public Right-of-Way; Shared Use Paths (2/13/2013)


Standards vs guidelines

Standards vs. Guidelines

  • Standards are enforceable scoping and technical provisions that have been adopted by federal regulation

  • Guidelines are recommended scoping and technical provisions developed by committee (U.S. Access Board)

  • Guidelines adopted as best practices are not enforceable


Elements of pedestrian facilities

Elements of Pedestrian Facilities

Pedestrian Access Route (PAR)

Alternate Pedestrian Access Route

Pedestrian Crossings

Curb Ramps and Blended Transitions

Accessible Pedestrian Signals (APS)

Protruding Objects

Pedestrian Signs


Elements of pedestrian facilities1

Elements of Pedestrian Facilities

Street Furniture

Bus/Transit Stops

Stairways

Handrails

Vertical Access

On-Street Parking

Passenger Loading Zones


Elements of pedestrian facilities2

Elements of Pedestrian Facilities

Call Boxes

Transit Platforms

Escalators

Detectable Warning Surfaces

Doors, Doorways, and Gates


Scoping

Scoping

  • When?

  • Where?

  • How many?


Prowag 2005 scoping

PROWAG 2005 Scoping

All newly designed and newly constructed facilities located in public right-of-way

All altered portions of existing facilities located in public right-of-way… to maximum extent feasible


Prowag 2011 scoping

PROWAG 2011 Scoping

All newly constructed facilities, altered portions of existing facilities, and elements added to existing facilities for pedestrian circulation and use located in public right-of-way


2010 ada standards scoping

2010 ADA Standards Scoping

All areas of newly designed and newly constructed buildings and facilities and altered portions of existing buildings and facilities


Ada standards for transportation facilities scoping

ADA Standards for Transportation Facilities Scoping

All areas of newly designed and newly constructed buildings and facilities and altered portions of existing buildings and facilities


Snpr shared use paths 2013 scoping

SNPR – Shared Use Paths 2013 Scoping

All newly constructed facilities, altered portions of existing facilities, and elements added to existing facilities for pedestrian circulation and use located in public right-of-way


Transitional segments scoping

Transitional Segments - Scoping

PROWAG 2005: connecting to existing unaltered segments must comply (R301) to maximum extent feasible

PROWAG 2011 and SUPs: of PARs must connect to existing unaltered segments of pedestrian circulation paths & comply (R302) to extent practicable

2010 ADA and Transportation Standards: no scoping


Prohibited reduction in required access

Prohibited Reduction in Required Access

  • PROWAG 2005, 2011, & SUPs:

    • An alteration shall not decrease or have effect of decreasing accessibility of a facility or an accessible connection to an adjacent building/site.

  • 2010 ADA & Transportation Standards:

    • An alteration that decreases or has effect of decreasing accessibility of a building or facility… is prohibited.


Prohibited reduction in required access1

Prohibited Reduction in Required Access

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Advisory: Sidewalk improvements that correct existing excessive cross slope should be carefully planned to avoid imposition of barriers elsewhere, as, for example, creating excessive slope in a curb ramp or adding a step at an existing building entrance.


Prohibited reduction in required access2

Prohibited Reduction in Required Access

  • PROWAG 2011 & SUPs

    • Sidewalk improvements that correct existing excessive cross slope should be carefully planned to avoid creating excessive slope in curb ramps or adding a step at existing building entrances.

  • 2010 ADA & Transportation Standards:

    • Say nothing about sidewalks


Pedestrian access route

Pedestrian Access Route

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Pedestrian circulation paths shall contain a PAR complying with R301 which connects to facilities, elements, and spaces required to be accessible by Chapter R2 and to accessible routes required to connect to public streets and sidewalks by section 206.2.1 of appendix B to 36 CFR part 1191 or section F206.2.1 of appendix C of 36 CFR 1191.


Pedestrian access route1

Pedestrian Access Route

  • PROWAG 2011 & SUPs

    • PARs shall be provided in accordance with R204 and shall comply with R302.

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Have no scoping requirement specific to pedestrian access routes in public right-of-way


Street crossings

Street Crossings

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Where pedestrian street/rail track crossing is provided, it shall contain a compliant PAR.

    • Where a pedestrian rail crossing is not contained within a street/highway, compliant detectable warning shall be provided.

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • PAR shall be provided within pedestrian street crossings, including medians, & pedestrian refuge islands, & pedestrian at-grade rail crossings.


Street crossings1

Street Crossings

  • 2010 ADA and ADA Standards for Transportation Facilities

    • Make no mention of street crossings


Curb ramps blended transitions

Curb Ramps & Blended Transitions

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Compliant curb ramp or blended transition, or a combination of curb ramps and blended transitions, shall connect PAR to each pedestrian street crossing within width of each crosswalk.

  • PROWAG 2011 & SUPs

    • Compliant curb ramp, blended transition, or a combination of curb ramps and blended transitions shall connect PARs at each pedestrian street crossing. … within width of the pedestrian street crossing…


Curb ramps blended transitions1

Curb Ramps & Blended Transitions

  • 2010 ADA & Transportation Standards

    • Have no specific scoping provision for curb ramps

  • However, (DOJ’s) Part 35 regulations require:

    • “curb ramps or other sloped areas where pedestrian walks cross curbs” 35.150(d)(2)

  • (DOT’s) Part 37 regulations do not scope curb ramps


Accessible pedestrian signals aps

Accessible Pedestrian Signals (APS)

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Where pedestrian signals are provided at pedestrian street crossings, they must be compliant.

  • PROWAG 2011 & SUPs

    • Where pedestrian signals are provided at pedestrian street crossings, they shall include accessible pedestrian signals and pedestrian pushbuttons complying with sections 4E.08 through 4E.13 of the MUTCD.


Accessible pedestrian signals aps1

Accessible Pedestrian Signals (APS)

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Have no scoping or technical provisions for APS


On street parking

On-Street Parking


On street parking1

On-Street Parking

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Where on-street parking is marked or metered, accessible parking spaces complying with R308 shall be provided on block perimeter in accordance with Table R216.


Table r216 accessible parking spaces

Table R216 Accessible Parking Spaces


On street parking2

On-Street Parking

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Where on-street parking is provided on block perimeter and parking is marked or metered, accessible parking spaces complying with R309 shall be provided in accordance with Table R214.

    • Where parking pay stations are provided and parking is not marked, each 20 feet of block perimeter where parking is permitted shall be counted as one parking space.


On street parking3

On-Street Parking

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Have no scoping or technical provisions for on-street parking


Passenger loading zones

Passenger Loading Zones

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Where passenger loading zones are provided, a minimum of one passenger loading zone shall be provided in every continuous 100 feet of loading zone space or fraction thereof.


Passenger loading zones1

Passenger Loading Zones

  • PROWAG 2011, SUPs, 2010 ADA, and Transportation Standards

    • Where passenger loading zones other than transit (bus) stops are provided, at least one accessible passenger loading zone shall be provided for each 30m/100 feet of continuous loading zone space or fraction thereof.


Detectable warnings

Detectable Warnings

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Detectable warning surfaces shall comply with R304.

    • Scoping requirement for curb ramps, blended transitions, and landings is advisory only

    • Platform boarding edges not protected by platform screens or guards shall have detectable warnings along full length of public use area of platform.


Detectable warnings1

Detectable Warnings

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Detectable warning surfaces shall be provided at following locations on PARs and at transit stops:

      • 1) Curb ramps and blended transitions at pedestrian street crossings;

      • 2) Pedestrian refuge islands;

      • 3) Pedestrian at-grade rail crossings not located within street/highway;

      • 4) Boarding platforms at transit stops for buses and rail vehicles where edges of boarding platform are not protected by screens or guards;

      • 5) Boarding and alighting areas at sidewalk or street level transit stops for rail vehicles where side of boarding and alighting areas facing rail vehicles is not protected by screens or guards.


Detectable warning surfaces

Detectable Warning Surfaces


Detectable warnings2

Detectable Warnings

  • 2010 ADA Standards

    • Platform boarding edges not protected by platform screens or guards shall have detectable warnings along full length of public use area of platform.

    • Chapter 2 of the 2010 ADA Standards makes no mention of detectable warnings


Platform edge

Platform Edge


Detectable warnings3

Detectable Warnings

  • Transportation Standards

    • A curb ramp shall have a detectable warning. Detectable warning shall extend full width of curb ramp and shall extend either full depth of curb ramp or 24 inches deep minimum measured from back of curb on ramp surface.

    • Platform boarding edges not protected by platform screens or guards shall have detectable warnings along full length of public use area of platform.


Pedestrian access route2

Pedestrian Access Route

  • PROWAG 2005

    • PARs shall comply with R301 and shall connect pedestrian elements and facilities required to be accessible.

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • PARs shall comply with R302.

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • No provisions for PARs


Technical provisions

Technical Provisions

  • Technical requirements are based on adult dimensions and anthropometrics

  • Dimensions that are not stated as "maximum" or "minimum" are absolute.

  • All dimensions are subject to conventional industry tolerances except where the requirement is stated as a range with specific minimum and maximum end points.


Par continuous width

PAR Continuous Width


Par continuous width1

PAR - Continuous Width

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Minimum continuous and unobstructed clear width of a PAR shall be 4 feet, exclusive of width of curb.

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Except as provided in R302.3.1*, continuous clear width of PARs shall be 4 feet minimum, exclusive of width of curb.

      * 5 feet within medians and pedestrian refuge islands


Par passing space

PAR – Passing Space


Accessible route continuous width

Accessible Route –Continuous Width

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Clear width of walking surfaces shall be 36 inches (3 feet) minimum


Cross slopes

Cross Slopes

  • PROWAG 2005: R301.4.1 – 2%, 1:50

  • PROWAG 2011 & SUPs: R302.6 – 2%, 1:50

  • 2010 ADA & Transportation Standards: 403.3 – 2.08%, 1:48


Grade running slope

Grade/Running Slope

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Where walkway of a PAR is contained within street/highway border, its grade shall not exceed general grade established for adjacent street/highway.


Grade running slope1

Grade/Running Slope

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Where PARs are contained within street/highway ROW, grade of PARs shall not exceed general grade established for adjacent street/highway.

    • Where PARs are not contained within street/highway ROW, grade of PARsshall be 5% maximum.

    • Where PARsare contained within pedestrian street crossings, grade of PAR shall be 5% maximum.


Grade running slope2

Grade/Running Slope

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Running slope of walking surfaces shall not be steeper than 1:20 (5%).


Flangeway gaps

Flangeway Gaps

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Openings for wheel flanges at pedestrian crossings of non-freight rail track shall be 64 mm (2.5 inches) maximum.

    • Openings for wheel flanges at pedestrian crossings of freight rail track shall be 75 mm (3 inches) maximum.


Flangeway gaps1

Flangeway Gaps

  • PROWAG 2011 AND SUPs

    • Flangeway gaps at pedestrian at-grade rail crossings shall be 64 mm (2.5 inches) maximum on non-freight rail track and 75 mm (3 inches) maximum on freight rail track.


Flangeway gaps2

Flangeway Gaps

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Where a circulation path serving boarding platforms crosses tracks, it shall comply with applicable requirements of Chapter 4..

    • EXCEPTION: Openings for wheel flanges shall be permitted to be 2 1/2 inches (64 mm) maximum. 


Curb ramps blended transitions2

Curb Ramps/Blended Transitions

  • Perpendicular – directional with respect to pedestrian crossing; perpendicular to vehicular traffic

  • Parallel – directional with respect to PAR; parallel to vehicular traffic.

  • Curb ramps have running slopes of 5% minimum and 8.33% maximum.

  • Blended transitions have running slopes of 5% maximum.


Perpendicular curb ramps

Perpendicular Curb Ramps


Perpendicular curb ramps1

Perpendicular Curb Ramps

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Shall have a running slope that cuts through or is built up to curb at right angles or meets gutter grade break at right angles.

    • Running slope shall be 5% minimum and 8.3% maximum but shall not require ramp length to exceed 4.5 m (15 feet).

    • Cross slope at intersections shall be 2% maximum; at midblock crossings shall be permitted to be warped to meet street grade.


Perpendicular curb ramps2

Perpendicular Curb Ramps

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Running slope of curb ramp shall cut through or shall be built up to curb at right angles or shall meet gutter grade break at right angles where curb is curved.

    • Running slope of curb ramp shall be 5% minimum and 8.3% maximum but shall not require ramp length to exceed 4.5 m (15 feet).

    • Running slope of turning space shall be 2% maximum.


Curb ramps

Curb Ramps

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Ramp runs shall have a running slope not steeper than 1:12 (8.33%).

    • Cross slope of ramp runs shall not be steeper than 1:48 (2.08%).

    • Clear width of a ramp run shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum.

    • Counter slopes of adjoining gutters and road surfaces immediately adjacent to curb ramp shall not be steeper than 1:20 (5%).


2010 ada and ada standards for transportation facilities

2010 ADA and ADA Standards for Transportation Facilities

  • Wet Conditions. Landings subject to wet conditions shall be designed to prevent the accumulation of water.

  • No water accumulation prohibition in PROWAG 2005, 2011, and SUPs


Perpendicular curb ramp landing

Perpendicular Curb Ramp Landing

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Landing 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum by 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum shall be provided at top of curb ramp.

    • Running and cross slopes at intersections shall be 2% maximum.

    • Running and cross slope at midblock crossings shall be permitted to be warped to meet street or highway grade.


Perpendicular curb ramp turning space

Perpendicular Curb Ramp Turning Space


Perpendicular curb ramp turning space1

Perpendicular Curb Ramp Turning Space

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • A turning space 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum by 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum shall be provided at top of curb ramp.

    • Where turning space is constrained at back-of-sidewalk, turning space shall be 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum by 1.5 m (5 feet) minimum.

    • 1.5 m (5 feet) dimension shall be provided in direction of ramp run.


Curb ramp landing

Curb Ramp Landing

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Landings shall be provided at tops of curb ramps.

    • Landing clear length shall be 36 inches (915 mm) minimum. 

    • Landing clear width shall be at least as wide as curb ramp, excluding flared sides, leading to landing.


Flared sides of curb ramps

Flared Sides of Curb Ramps

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Flared sides with a slope of 10% maximum, measured parallel to the curb line, shall be provided where a pedestrian circulation path crosses curb ramp.

    • Advisory: Sides of ramps may be returned, providing useful directional cues, if protected from cross travel by landscaping, street furniture, poles, or equipment.


Flared sides of curb ramps1

Flared Sides of Curb Ramps

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Flared Sides: Where a pedestrian circulation path crosses curb ramp, flared sides shall be sloped 10% maximum, measured parallel to curb line.

    • Advisory: Flared sides are part of pedestrian circulation path, but are not part of PAR. Curb ramps with returned curbs provide useful directional cues where aligned with pedestrian street crossing and protected from cross travel by landscaping, street furniture, chains, fencing, or railings.


Flared sides of curb ramps2

Flared Sides of Curb Ramps


Flared sides of curb ramps3

Flared Sides of Curb Ramps

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Where provided, curb ramp flares shall not be steeper than 1:10 (10%).

    • EXCEPTION: In alterations, where there is no landing at top of curb ramps, curb ramp flares shall be provided and shall not be steeper than 1:12 (8.33%).


Parallel curb ramps

Parallel Curb Ramps


Parallel curb ramps1

Parallel Curb Ramps

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Have running slope that is in-line with direction of sidewalk travel.

    • Running slope shall be 5% minimum and 8.3% maximum but shall not require ramp length to exceed 4.5 m (15 feet).

    • Cross slope shall be 2% maximum.


Parallel curb ramps2

Parallel Curb Ramps

  • PROWAG 2005 (cont.)

    • Landing 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum by 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum at bottom of ramp run, permitted to overlap other landings and CFS.

    • Slopes at intersections shall be 2% maximum.

    • Running and cross slope at midblock crossings permitted to be warped to meet street grade.


Parallel curb ramps3

Parallel Curb Ramps

  • PROWAG 2005 (cont.)

    • Diverging Sidewalks: Where parallel curb ramp does not occupy entire width of sidewalk, drop-offs at diverging segments shall be protected.


Parallel curb ramp turning space

Parallel Curb Ramp Turning Space


Parallel curb ramps4

Parallel Curb Ramps

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Turning space 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum by 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum at bottom of curb ramp, permitted to overlap other turning spaces and clear spaces.

    • If turning space is constrained on 2 or more sides, turning space shall be 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum by 1.5 m (5 feet).

    • 1.5 m (5 feet) dimension shall be provided in direction of pedestrian street crossing.


Parallel curb ramps5

Parallel Curb Ramps

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs (cont.)

    • Running slope of curb ramp shall be in-line with direction of sidewalk travel.

    • Running slope of curb ramp shall be 5% minimum and 8.3% maximum but shall not require ramp length to exceed 4.5 m (15 feet) minimum.

    • Running slope of turning space shall be 2% maximum.


Parallel curb ramps6

Parallel Curb Ramps

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Have no provisions for parallel curb ramps


Blended transitions dtw location

Blended Transitions – DTW Location


Blended transitions

Blended Transitions

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Blended transitions shall comply with R303.3.

    • Running slope shall be 5% maximum.

    • Cross slope shall be 2% maximum.

    • Common Elements: Curb ramps and blended transitions shall comply with R303.3.

    • Clear width of landings, blended transitions, and curb ramps, excluding flares, shall be 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum.


Blended transitions1

Blended Transitions

  • PROWAG 2005 (cont.)

    • Detectable warning surfaces complying with R304 shall be provided, where a curb ramp, landing, or blended transition connects to a street.

    • Surfaces of curb ramps, blended transitions, and landings shall comply with R301.

    • Gratings, access covers, and other appurtenances shall not be located on curb ramps, landings, blended transitions, and gutters within PAR.


Blended transitions2

Blended Transitions

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Blended transitions shall comply with R304.4 and R304.5.

    • Running slope of blended transitions shall be 5% maximum.

    • Common Requirements: Curb ramps and blended transitions shall comply with R304.5.


Blended transition running slope

Blended Transition Running Slope


Blended transitions3

Blended Transitions

  • PROWAG 2011

    • Clear width of curb ramp runs (excluding any flared sides), blended transitions, and turning spaces shall be 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum.


Blended transitions4

Blended Transitions

  • SUPs

    • Width of curb ramps and blended transitions shall comply with 304.5.1.1 or 304.5.1.2, as applicable.

    • If provided, flared sides of curb ramp runs and blended transitions shall be located outside the width of the curb ramp run or blended transition.


Blended transitions5

Blended Transitions

  • SUPs

    • Pedestrian Circulation Paths Other Than Shared Use Paths: In pedestrian circulation paths other than shared use paths, clear width of curb ramp runs, blended transitions, and turning spaces shall be 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum.

    • Shared Use Paths. In shared use paths, width of curb ramps runs and blended transitions shall be equal to the width of shared use path.


Blended transitions6

Blended Transitions

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Have no provisions specific to blended transitions


Grade breaks

Grade Breaks


Grade breaks1

Grade Breaks

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Grade breaks at top and bottom of perpendicular curb ramps shall be perpendicular to direction of ramp run.

    • At least one end of bottom grade break shall be at back of curb.

    • Grade breaks shall not be permitted on surface of curb ramps, blended transitions, landings, and gutter areas within PAR.

    • Surface slopes that meet at grade breaks shall be flush.


Grade breaks2

Grade Breaks

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Cross slope of curb ramps, blended transitions, and turning spaces shall be 2% maximum.

    • At pedestrian street crossings without yield or stop control and at midblock pedestrian street crossings, cross slope shall be permitted to equal street/highway grade.


Grade breaks3

Grade Breaks

  • 2010 ADA and ADA Standards for Transportation Facilities

    • Term grade breaks not used

    • However:Changes in level other than running slope and cross slope are not permitted on ramp runs.


Counter slope

Counter Slope


Counter slope1

Counter Slope

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Counter slope of gutter or street at foot of curb ramp, landing, or blended transition shall be 5% maximum.

    • Beyond curb face, a clear space of 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum by 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum shall be provided within width of the crosswalk and wholly outside parallel vehicle travel lane.


Counter slope2

Counter Slope

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Counter slope of gutter or street at foot of curb ramp runs, blended transitions, and turning spaces shall be 5 % maximum.

    • Beyond bottom grade break, a clear space 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum by 1.2 m (4 feet) minimum shall be provided within width of pedestrian street crossing and wholly outside parallel vehicle travel lane.


Counter slope clear space

Counter Slope Clear Space


Counter slope3

Counter Slope

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Counter slopes of adjoining gutters and road surfaces immediately adjacent to the curb ramp shall not be steeper than 1:20 (5%).

    • Adjacent surfaces at transitions at curb ramps to walks, gutters, and streets shall be at the same level.


Diagonal curb ramps

Diagonal Curb Ramps


Diagonal curb ramps1

Diagonal Curb Ramps

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Term not used

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs (Scoping 207.2)

    • In alterations where existing physical constraints prevent compliance, a single diagonal curb ramp shall be permitted to serve both pedestrian street crossings.


Diagonal curb ramps2

Diagonal Curb Ramps

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Diagonal or corner type curb ramps with returned curbs or other well-defined edges shall have edges parallel to direction of pedestrian flow.

    • Bottom of diagonal curb ramps shall have clear space 48 inches minimum outside active traffic lanes of roadway.

    • Diagonal curb ramps provided at marked crossings shall provide 48 inches minimum clear space within markings.

    • Diagonal curb ramps with flared sides shall have a segment of curb 24 inches long minimum located on each side of curb ramp and within marked crossing.


Detectable warnings4

Detectable Warnings


Detectable warnings5

Detectable Warnings

  • All guidelines, best practices and standards agree that detectable warnings –

    • Consist of truncated domes aligned in a square or radial grid pattern

    • truncated domes shall have a base diameter of 23 mm (0.9 in) minimum & 36 mm (1.4 in) maximum, a top diameter of 50% of base diameter minimum and 65% of base diameter maximum, and a height of 5 mm (0.2 in).


Detectable warnings6

Detectable Warnings

  • All guidelines, best practices and standards agree that detectable warnings –

    • Dome Spacing:Truncated domes shall have center-to-center spacing of 41 mm (1.6 in) minimum and 61 mm (2.4 in) maximum, and base-to-base spacing of 17 mm (0.65 in) minimum, measured between the most adjacent domes.


Detectable warnings7

Detectable Warnings

  • All guidelines, best practices and standards agree that detectable warnings –

    • Detectable warning surfaces shall contrast visually with adjacent gutter, street or highway, or pedestrian access route surface, either light-on-dark or dark-on-light.


Detectable warnings8

Detectable Warnings

  • PROWAG 2005, 2011, SUPs, & ADA Standards for Transportation Facilities agree –

    • Detectable warning surfaces shall extend 610 mm (2 feet) minimum in direction of pedestrian travel.

    • At curb ramps and blended transitions, detectable warning surfaces shall extend full width of ramp run (excluding any flared sides), blended transition…

  • 2010 ADA Standards have no provision


Detectable warnings9

Detectable Warnings

  • PROWAG 2005, 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Platform boarding edges not protected by platform screens or guards shall have compliant detectable warnings along the full length of public use area of platform.


Detectable warnings10

Detectable Warnings

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Size: At boarding platforms for buses and rail vehicles, detectable warning surfaces shall extend full length of public use areas of platform.

    • At boarding and alighting areas at sidewalk or street level transit stops for rail vehicles, detectable warning surfaces shall extend full length of transit stop.


Detectable warnings at rail crossing

Detectable Warnings at Rail Crossing


Bus transit stops shelters

Bus/Transit Stops & Shelters

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Transit stops shall be compliant.

    • Advisory R308.1 Transit Stops. Transit stops should be located so that there is a level and stable surface for boarding vehicles.

    • Locating transit stops at signalized intersections increases usability for pedestrian with disabilities.

    • Where security bollards are installed at transit stops, they must not obstruct clear space at boarding and alighting areas or reduce required clear width at PAR.


Bus transit stops shelters1

Bus/Transit Stops & Shelters

  • PROWAG 2005, 2010 ADA, and Transportation Standards

    • Bus Boarding and Alighting Areas: Bus boarding and alighting areas shall be compliant.

    • Advisory R410.1 Bus Boarding and Alighting Areas: At bus stops where a shelter is provided, bus stop pad can be located either within or outside of shelter.


Bus transit stops shelters2

Bus/Transit Stops & Shelters

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Boarding and alighting areas at sidewalk/street level transit stops shall be compliant.

    • Where transit stops serve vehicles with more than one car, boarding and alighting areas serving each car shall comply.

    • Advisory R308.1.1 Boarding and Alighting Areas. Where a transit shelter is provided, boarding and alighting area can be located either within or outside of shelter.


Bus transit stops shelters3

Bus/Transit Stops & Shelters

  • PROWAG 2005, 2010 ADA, and Transportation Standards

    • Surface: Bus stop boarding and alighting areas shall have a firm, stable surface.

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Surfaces:Surfaces of boarding and alighting areas and boarding platforms shall comply with R302.7


Bus transit stops shelters4

Bus/Transit Stops & Shelters


Bus transit stops shelters5

Bus/Transit Stops & Shelters

  • All guidelines, best practices and standards agree –

    • Dimensions: Bus stop boarding and alighting areas shall provide clear length of 2.4 m (8 feet) minimum, measured perpendicular to curb or vehicle street or highway edge, and clear width of 1.5 m (5 feet) minimum, measured parallel to vehicle street or highway.


Bus transit stops shelters6

Bus/Transit Stops & Shelters

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Shall provide a minimum clear space complying with R402 entirely within shelter.

    • Shall be connected by PAR to compliant boarding and alighting area.


Bus transit stops shelters7

Bus/Transit Stops & Shelters

  • PROWAG 2005 and SUPs

    • Shall be connected by compliant PARs to compliant boarding and alighting areas or boarding platforms.

    • Shall provide minimum clear space entirely within the shelter.

    • Where seating is provided within, clear space shall be located either at one end of seat or shall not overlap area within 460 mm (1.5 ft) from front edge of the seat.


Bus transit stops shelters8

Bus/Transit Stops & Shelters

  • PROWAG 2005 and SUPs

    • Environmental controls within transit shelters shall be proximity-actuated.

    • Protruding objects within transit shelters shall comply with R402.

    • Advisory R308.2: Clear space must be located entirely within transit shelter and not interfere with other persons using seating.


Bus transit stops shelters9

Bus/Transit Stops & Shelters

  • 2010 ADA and ADA Standards for Transportation Facilities

    • Shall provide minimum clear floor or ground space entirely within shelter.

    • Shallbe connected by an accessible route to a compliant boarding and alighting area.


Bus transit stop connection

Bus/Transit Stop Connection


Bus transit stop connection1

Bus/Transit Stop Connection

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Connection:Bus stop boarding and alighting areas shall be connected to streets, sidewalks, or pedestrian paths by a compliant PAR.

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Connection: Boarding and alighting areas and boarding platforms shall be connected to streets, sidewalks, or pedestrian circulation paths by compliant PARs.


Bus transit stop connection2

Bus/Transit Stop Connection

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Connection: Bus stop boarding and alighting areas shall be connected to streets, sidewalks, or pedestrian paths by a compliant accessible route.


Bus stop grades slopes

Bus Stop Grades/Slopes

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Grade: Parallel to street/highway, grade of bus stop boarding and alighting area shall be same as street/highway, to maximum extent practicable.

    • Perpendicular to street/highway, grade of bus stop boarding and alighting area shall not be steeper than 2% (1:50).


Bus stop grades slopes1

Bus Stop Grades/Slopes

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Grade: Parallel to street/highway, grade of boarding and alighting areas shall be same as street/highway, to extent practicable.

    • Perpendicular to street/highway, grade of boarding and alighting areas shall not be steeper than 2% (1:50).


Bus stop grades slopes2

Bus Stop Grades/Slopes

  • 2010 ADA and Transportation Standards

    • Slope: Parallel to roadway, slope of bus stop boarding and alighting area shall be same as roadway, to maximum extent practicable.

    • Perpendicular to the roadway, slope of bus stop boarding and alighting area shall not be steeper than 1:48 (2.08%).


Pedestrian crossings

Pedestrian Crossings

  • PROWAG 2005

    • Crosswalks shall comply with R305.2 and contain a PAR that connects to departure and arrival walkways through any median or pedestrian refuge island.

    • Marked crosswalks shall be 1.8 m (6 feet) wide minimum.

    • Running slope shall be 5% maximum, measured parallel to direction of pedestrian travel in crosswalk.


Pedestrian crossings1

Pedestrian Crossings

  • PROWAG 2005 (cont.)

    • Crossings with Stop Control: cross slope shall be 2% maximum.

    • Crossings without Stop Control:Cross slope shall be 5% maximum.

    • Midblock Crossings: Cross slope at midblock crossings shall be permitted to be warped to meet street/highway grade.


Pedestrian street crossings

Pedestrian Street Crossings

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • Cross slope of pedestrian access routes shall be 2% maximum.

    • Without Yield or Stop Control: Where pedestrian access routes are contained within pedestrian street crossings without yield or stop control, cross slope of PAR shall be 5% maximum.


Pedestrian street crossings1

Pedestrian Street Crossings

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs (cont.)

    • Midblock: Where PARs are contained within midblock pedestrian street crossings, cross slope of PAR shall be permitted to equal street/highway grade.

    • Where PARsare contained within pedestrian street crossings, grade of PAR shall be 5% maximum.


Pedestrian street crossings2

Pedestrian Street Crossings

  • 2010 ADA and ADA Standards for Transportation Facilities

    • Have no provisions for pedestrian street crossings


Pedestrian signal phase timing

Pedestrian Signal Phase Timing

  • PROWAG 2005

    • All pedestrian signal phase timing shall be calculated using a pedestrian walk speed of 1.1 m/s (3.5 ft/s) maximum.

    • Crosswalk distance used in calculating pedestrian signal phase timing shall include entire length of the crosswalk.

    • For example, signal phase timing for a crosswalk 84 feet long must be 24 seconds minimum.


Pedestrian signal phase timing1

Pedestrian Signal Phase Timing

  • PROWAG 2011 and SUPs

    • All pedestrian signal phase timing shall comply with section 4E.06 of the MUTCD (incorporated by reference, see R104.2).

    • Shall be based on a pedestrian clearance time that is calculated using a pedestrian walking speed of 1.1 m/s (3.5 ft/s) or less.


Pedestrian signal phase timing2

Pedestrian Signal Phase Timing

  • 2010 ADA and ADA Standards for Transportation Facilities

    • Have no provisions for pedestrian signal phase timing


Let s get technical standards best practices and guidelines for pedestrian facilities in the public right of way for montana department of transportation

Questions…


Resources

Resources

U.S. Department of Justicehttp://www.ada.gov/

Rocky Mountain ADA Center:800.949.4232,http://adainformation.org/

2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design http://www.ada.gov//regs2010/2010ADAStandards/2010ADAstandards.htm#2004


Resources1

Resources

  • Revised Draft Guidelines for Accessible Public Rights-of-Way (11/23/2005) http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/streets-sidewalks/public-rights-of-way/background/revised-draft-guidelines

  • Proposed Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities in the Public Right-of-Way (7/26/2011) http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/streets-sidewalks/public-rights-of-way/proposed-rights-of-way-guidelines


Resources2

Resources

  • ADA Standards for Transportation Facilities http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/transportation/facilities/ada-standards-for-transportation-facilities/single-file-version

  • Proposed Supplements to Proposed Accessibility Guidelines for Pedestrian Facilities in the Public Right-of-Way http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/streets-sidewalks/shared-use-paths/supplemental-notice/supplementary-provisions


Resources3

Resources

Guidance on the 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Designhttp://www.ada.gov//regs2010/2010ADAStandards/Guidance2010ADAstandards.htm

Federal Highway Administration, Public Rights-of-Way Access Advisory http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bicycle_pedestrian/guidance/accessibility_guidance/prwaa.cfm


Resources4

Resources

Federal Highway Administration Civil Rights Programs http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/civilrights/programs/ada.cfm

DOJ/DOT Joint  Technical Assistance on the Title II of the ADA http://www.ada.gov/doj-fhwa-ta.htm


My contact information

My contact information:

Geoff Ames

Meeting the Challenge, Inc.

Rocky Mountain ADA Center/Project

800.949.4232, x106 or

719.433.4076

[email protected]


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