The scramble for africa
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The Scramble for Africa. 11.1 part 1 World History. The Scramble for Africa. Industrialization in Europe and America led to Imperialism in Africa Imperialism - Seizure of a country or territory by a stronger country

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The Scramble for Africa

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The scramble for africa

The Scramble for Africa

11.1 part 1 World History

The scramble for africa1

The Scramble for Africa

  • Industrialization in Europe and America led to Imperialism in Africa

  • Imperialism- Seizure of a country or territory by a stronger country

  • Industrialized countries needed more resources to fuel their factories and new markets to sell products

Africa before european domination

Africa before European Domination

  • In the mid 1800’s Africa was a diverse continent with hundreds of different languages and ethnic groups

  • Their societies ranged from large empires to small villages

  • Africans controlled their own trade routes

Africa before european domination1

Africa before European Domination

  • Powerful African armies had kept Europeans out of most of Africa for more than 400 years

  • Travel into the interior of Africa was nearly impossible due to the powerful rivers

    and disease

  • The development of the steam engine changed this

Africa before european domination2

Africa before European Domination

  • The first Europeans to travel the interior of Africa were missionaries, explorers or humanitarians

  • Henry Stanley was an American journalist that traveled deep into the interior of the Congo to find Scottish missionary David Livingstone

The congo sparks interest

The Congo Sparks Interest

  • King Leopold II hired Stanley to gain territory for Belgium

  • He claimed he wanted to use it to promote Christianity and abolish slavery

  • Actually he licensed the land to companies that forced the natives to gather sap from rubber plants

  • Over 10 million natives died due to abuses inflicted under Leopold’s rule

Land grab

Land Grab

  • Belgium’s territory in the Congo led to other European nations wanting African territory

  • Soon France, Britain, Italy, Portugal and Spain were all claiming parts of Africa



1. Describe Africa before Europeans were able to take control.

2. Define imperialism.

3. How did industrialization lead to imperialism?

4. Which European nation was the first to gain territory in the African interior?

5. What was the result of Leopold’s control of the Congo?

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