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1) 养育,教育,使成长 2) 提出 3) 呕吐 ; 吐出. 1.bring up 总结: eg. She has brought up five children. 译: eg. You can bring up the problem at the meeting . 译: eg. He brought up his lunch . 译:. 她 抚养 了五个孩子。. 你可以在会上 把 这个问题 提出来 。. 他把午饭都 吐出 来了。. what brought about the quarrel?

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1)养育,教育,使成长2)提出3)呕吐;吐出

  • 1.bring up 总结:

    eg. She has brought up five children.译:

    eg. You can bring up the problem at the meeting .

    译:

    eg. He brought up his lunch .

    译:

她抚养了五个孩子。

你可以在会上把这个问题提出来。

他把午饭都吐出来了。


  • what brought about the quarrel?

  • 2)This story brought back my unhappy childhood.

  • 3)All library books must be brought back before June 20.

  • 4)The wind brought down a number of trees.

  • 5)Two more enemy(敌人)planes were brought down.

  • 6)The boys bring in£60 a week .

  • 7)It is my own act.why do you bring my mother in?

  • 8)Difficulties can bring out a person’s best qualities.

引起,导致

使回想起

带回

使倒下

使下降

赚钱

把..引进来

使表现出来


总结:

bring about引起导致

bring back使回想起,带回

bring down使倒下,使下降 bring in收获,获利 赚钱,引进 bring out使表现出,出版

Science has brought _____many changes in our lives.

A about B out C back D up


for

be known (famous ) as

to

2.China is famous for the Great Wall.

Lu Xun is famous as a doctor.

Jay Zhou is famous to us young people.

因为...而著名

作为...而著名

为...而熟知

This area is known to us for its green tea as a green tea producing place .


for

Mr White is known ______ his rich teaching experience ,so he is known______ everyone ______a teacher .

to

as


betting

3.bet – bet – bet – 现在分词_______

make a bet on sth with sb.

和某人在……上打赌

译:你曾和谁打过赌吗?

Have you ever made a bet with anybody?

  • I bet……=(informal) I’m certain……我肯定…

  • 我敢肯定他去游泳了,他喜爱这项运动。

  • I bet he’s gone to swimming---he loves it.


4. scene n 现场, 场面,景色,(戏剧)一场

①Firefighters were on the scene immediately.

②The rocking boats along the river bank make a beautiful scene.

③The boy led his mother to the scene of the accident.

④The scene in the hospital is very moving.

⑤The last scene of the play was very impressive.

在现场

景色

现场

场面

戏剧的一场


5. go ahead “前进; 毫不犹豫地去做”, 用在祈使句中,意为“用吧, 请吧 ,开始干吧 ”等等

If you want to use my bike ,go ahead.

If you think you can settle the problem, go ahead.

go\be ahead of ... 比...好,超越...

He’s /goes ahead of me in maths.

译:他在数学方面比我强。

  • I wonder if I could use your car tonight.

  • _______.I’m not using it anyhow.

  • A. Sure,go ahead B. I don’t know

  • C. Yes,indeed D. I don’t care


6.spot 1)v.发现;玷污,弄脏;侦察

(1)I ________ her in the crowd.

我在人群中认出了她。

The ink _________ her dress.

墨水弄脏了她的衣服。

2)n.斑点,污点;地点,场所,现场

I’ve found a good fishing spot .

常用词组 on the spot/scene 在现场

He was caught on the spot/scene.

spotted

spotted

他被当场抓住。


借题发挥

The cloth of this kind _____ easily.

A.is spotted B.is spotting

C.spots D.spotting

  • spot easily 表示“...容易被玷污”。此句说明这种布本身的特性,因此用主动形式表被动。

spotless adj. 没有污点的,纯洁的

spotted adj. 有斑点的,玷污的


7. account

n. 说明,理由,计算, 账目

V. 认为,说明,总计有

account for 说明(原因等),作出解释,

(指数量) 占,

on account of 因为, 由于

take into account=take account of 考虑,重视


  • He could not account for his foolish mistake.

  • These account for two-thirds of her total exports.

  • Give us an account for what happened.

  • She retired退休 early on account of ill health.

v.为…做出解释,说明

v.(数量上)占

n.理由

由于=because of


表示 “因为,由于”的短语:

on account of owing to

because of due to

as a result of thanks to

A

  • I’d ____ his reputation(声望 )with other farmers and business people in the community(社区), and then make a decision about whether or not to approve(同意 )a loan(贷款).

  • take into account B. account for

  • C. make up for D. make out

考虑 说明……的原因

弥补 理解,辨认出


1.-Do you know why the teacher asks for me?

- He wants you to_____your absence(缺席) last night.

A. account for B. call for

C. reach for D. send for

2.He is such a man who’s always____ fault with others.

A. putting B.seeking

C. finding D.looking for


8. seek vi .& vt.(sought ;sought )

vi.&vt.寻找,探索,寻求(可与for/after搭配)

seek after truth

seek one’s fortune

We must seek (for) a solution to the problem.

追求真理

寻找成功/致富之路

我们必须寻求解决问题的办法。


9. to be honest 说实话;老实说

______________ ,the food here doesn’t agree with me.

说实话,这里的食物不合我的口味。

知识拓展

to tell (you) the truth 老实对你说;说实话

honestly speaking 老实说

To be honest


10. on the contrary 与此相反,正相反

I’m not sick; on the contrary, I’m in very good condition.

我没有病,与此相反,我健康极了。

填一填

-You seem to show interest in cooking.

-What? _____________, I’m getting tired of it.

On the contrary


11. patience n 耐性, 忍耐

impatience n. (反)

__________adj. 耐心的

___________ adj. 不耐烦的

be patient with sb对某人有耐心

patient

impatient

patience

You need ___________(耐性) if you want to get served in this shop.

We should have been more patient ____those who have different opinions.

A. of B. with C. for D. at

B


12. by accident/chance 偶然地

on purpose=by design ______

故意地

  • I met her purely by accident.

我遇见她纯粹是偶然。

  • – How do you know that I’ve moved there? I didn’t tell anybody.

  • – _______.

  • Only by accident. B. Someone told me about it.

  • C. Quite by accident. D. It’s none of your business.

C


13.take one’s order(服务员)请某人点菜

order命令,秩序,点菜,预定

B

We’ve _______a table for eight in the hotel.

A . ordered B. reserved

C. bought D. demanded

The waiter came over to __________ ___________ __________(请我点菜)

take

my

order


13.I’m afraid it’ll cost a large of amount of money.

a large amount of

=large amounts of

eg.He spent a large a mount of money betting

on horses.

+[u]n.许多,大量


拓展】

表示“许多,大量”的其他结构

1) a large amount of

amounts of

a great/good deal of

2) many a/an

a good /great many

a good/large number of

+[u]n.

+[c]n.


3) a lot of/lots of

plenty of

a quantity of /quantities of

※amounts of,quantities of修饰名词做主语时

谓语动词用复数。

而many a/an+单数名词做主语时谓语动词多用单数。

eg.They spent _____________ money on

the car.

+[c;u.]n.

a great deal of


have

Amounts of good news ________ come.

Many a day______ passed since she left.

A great many soldiers ______ buried there.

A quantity of books _______ on the desk.

Quantities of books _______ on the desk.

has

were

was

were


. As a result of destroying the forest, a large

_____desert _____covered the land .

A. number; has B. quantity; has

C. number; have D. quantity; have

②.The young dancers looked so attractive that

we took ____pictures of them.

A. many of B. lots of

C. the number of D. a large amount of


15.take a chance=take chances冒险,碰运气

eg.We’ll take a chance on the

weather and hold a sports meeting.

The rope might break but that’s a

chance we will have to take.

译:我们将冒天气的险举行运动会。


e.g. We decided to _____ ____ ______ ____ the weather and have the party outdoors.

我们决定与老天爷赌一把,在户外聚会。

e.g. We mustn’t______ ______ . We’d better play safe.

我们不要冒险,我们最好求稳。

take a chance on

take chances


16. manner n. have the party outdoors.

a)[c]方式,方法(通常用单数,比way 正式)

in a...manner以...的方式

b)[u] 态度,举止(常用单数)

eg. She talked to us in a polite manner.

I don’t like his manner.

c) manners 礼貌,规矩,习惯(必须用复数)


have the party outdoors. \没有礼貌

have (no) manners _______________

It’s good /bad manners to do sth

做某事是有/没有礼貌的

eg. It’s bad manners to stare at people.

Pay attention to your table manners.

盯着别人看是不礼貌的。

注意你的餐桌礼仪。


17. as for have the party outdoors. 至于,关于

You can have a bed, but as for the children, they will have to sleep on the floor.

你可以睡床,至于孩子们嘛,他们将不得不睡地板了。


18.indeed adv. have the party outdoors.

a)真正地,确实, 诚然(表示强调或让步)

Thank you very much indeed.

These problems are indeed difficult, but I’m

sure they can be solved .

A friend in need is a friend indeed.

b) 事实上=___________

eg.I didn’t mind at all. _______(事实上), I was pleased.

患难见真情。

in fact=as a matter of fact=actually

Indeed


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