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Operational Risk Management. Bad stuff, bad day…. “I’m not worried about risk, I manage risk.” Yves Rossy, the first person to fly solo across the English Channel using a single jet-propelled wing. Goals of Hazmat Response. Protect Life Environment Property. General Risk Management.

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operational risk management

Operational Risk Management

Bad stuff, bad day…


“I’m not worried about risk, I manage risk.”

Yves Rossy, the first person to fly solo across the English Channel using a single jet-propelled wing.

goals of hazmat response
Goals of Hazmat Response
  • Protect
    • Life
    • Environment
    • Property
general risk management
General Risk Management
  • Take calculated risk to save a life
  • Take a moderate risk to save property
  • Risk nothing to save lives already lost or property already destroyed
ic has three response options
IC Has Three Response Options
  • Non-intervention
  • Defensive actions
  • Offensive actions
osha requirement
OSHA Requirement
  • IC must implement “appropriate” option
  • “Appropriate” depends on hazards/risks
  • Process of evaluating risks is called Operational Risk Management (ORM)
operational risk management1
Operational Risk Management
  • Decision-making process
    • Systematically evaluate possible actions
    • Identify & assess risks & benefits
    • Determine the best course of action
risk defined
“Risk” Defined
  • The chance of personal injury or property damage or loss
  • Is a function of severity and probability
  • How likely is it that we can get hurt?
question for you
Question for You…
  • How risky is hazmat response?
    • What is the chance of injury?
    • How severe?
    • How likely?
severity defined
“Severity” Defined
  • An event’s potential consequences in terms of degree of damage, injury, or impact on a mission.
  • How badly can we get hurt?
hazard defined
“Hazard” Defined
  • Any real or potential condition that can endanger a mission; cause personal injury, illness, or death; or damage equipment or property.
brief review
Brief Review
  • What are the main hazards to hazmat responders wearing CPC?
exposure defined
“Exposure” Defined
  • Amount of time, number of cycles, number of people and/or amount of equipment
  • How many times do we have to try this before we get hurt?
orm principles
ORM Principles
  • Accept no unnecessary risk
  • Accept risk when benefits outweigh costs
  • Make risks decisions at appropriate level
    • This means you!
  • Integrate ORM into IAP
orm steps
ORM Steps
  • Identify hazards
  • Assess the risk
  • Analyze risk control measures
  • Make control decisions
  • Implement risk control
  • Supervise and review
hazard identification
Hazard Identification
  • What can go wrong?
    • Equipment
    • Environment
    • People
risk assessment
Risk Assessment
  • If something goes wrong how will it affect us?
  • Are these risks acceptable?
risk control measures
Risk Control Measures?
  • Reduce severity
  • Lower probability
  • Reduce exposure
making control decisions
Making Control Decisions
  • Main decision makers
    • HM Group Supervisor
    • ASO – Hazmat
    • Tech Spec – Hazmat Reference
implementing risk control
Implementing Risk Control
  • Use Site Safety Plan
risk identification
Risk Identification
  • Basic recognition clues can help
    • Occupancy/location
    • Container shapes
    • Markings and colors
    • Placards and labels
    • Shipping papers & MSDS
    • Senses
common risks in hazmat
Common Risks in Hazmat
  • Slips, trips & falls
  • Irritating materials
  • Flammable or explosive materials
  • Oxygen deficient atmospheres
  • Gases & vapors above exposure limit
ic tasks
IC Tasks
  • ID and avoid unacceptable risks
  • ID, evaluate & control acceptable risks
bottom line
Bottom Line
  • Recognizing hazards is half the battle
  • You must ID & evaluate the risks from those hazards
assessing risks
Assessing Risks
  • Acceptable
  • Unacceptable
hazmat risk assessment
Hazmat Risk Assessment
  • Most frequent risk: heat stress
  • Most severe risk: fire and explosion
unacceptable hazmat risk
Unacceptable Hazmat Risk
  • Fire
  • Explosion
  • Polymerization
  • Reactive materials
  • High oxygen
identifying unacceptable risks
Identifying Unacceptable Risks
  • Visible flames and/or smoke
identifying unacceptable risks1
Identifying Unacceptable Risks
  • Signs of imminent fire/explosion
    • Presence of explosives
    • Flammable gas/vapor in enclosed space
    • High oxygen level
    • Damaged pressure vessels
identifying unacceptable risks2
Identifying Unacceptable Risks
  • Indications of unacceptable risks
    • Uncontained flammable gas/vapor
    • Toxic gas/vapor in enclosed space
    • Liquids toxic by skin absorption
    • Large quantities of hazmat
    • Ionizing radiation
situations involving less risk
Situations Involving Less Risk
  • Small quantity of hazmat
  • Non-reactive material with low VP
  • Undamaged unstressed containers
risk identification1
Risk Identification
  • What was the goal?
  • What were the risks?
  • How could they have met the goal but minimized the risks?
controlling risk in hazmat
Controlling Risk in Hazmat
  • Basic methods of controlling risk
    • Engineering Controls
    • Administrative Controls
    • Personal Protective Equipment
engineering controls
Engineering Controls
  • May be damaged by the incident
  • Can’t rely on this in emergency response
administrative controls
Administrative Controls
  • Developed by SO/ASO-HM
  • Will follow regs, standards & SOGs
  • Expressed by Site Safety Plan
personal protective equipment
Personal Protective Equipment
  • Main method of reducing exposure in hazmat emergency response
administrative controls for hazmat
Administrative Controls for Hazmat
  • Scene access controls
  • Work duration management
  • Site Safety Plan
    • Development
    • Implementation
    • Enforcement
role of so aso hm
Role of SO/ASO-HM
  • Will develop SSP
  • Participates in selection of PPE
  • Has authority to suspend operations
managing risk
Managing Risk
  • Review exercise scenario
  • What risks are acceptable?
  • Which are unacceptable?