The new mexico chile pepper industry description labor issues and economic impact
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The New Mexico Chile Pepper Industry: Description, Labor Issues, and Economic Impact. Presented By: Teri Hall. Objectives:. Describe the New Mexico Chile Pepper Industry Describe the current labor situation and labor issues relevant to the New Mexico chile pepper industry;

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The new mexico chile pepper industry description labor issues and economic impact

The New Mexico Chile Pepper Industry: Description, Labor Issues, and Economic Impact

Presented By: Teri Hall


Objectives
Objectives: Issues,

  • Describe the New Mexico Chile Pepper Industry

  • Describe the current labor situation and labor issues relevant to the New Mexico chile pepper industry;

  • Provide estimates of the industry’s employment and economic impacts on Doña Ana County;

  • Evaluate the economic effects of industry changes.







Demographics characteristics of hired farm workers in do a ana county
Demographics characteristics of hired farm workers in Do and growing regionña Ana County

  • 10,000 farm laborers

  • 3rd grade education

  • 100% Hispanic descent

  • 40% U.S. citizens

  • 20-40% illegal immigrants working

  • Average family is 4.2 people

  • Average household income is $7,000/year

Source: Local interviews and previously published material


Hand and growing region

Mechanical

1995

1997

1995

1997

Red Chile

41.22%

49.07%

9.71%

11.56%

Jalapeños

42.57%

47.16%

6.54%

7.79%

Labor as a percentage of production cost for hand and mechanical chile harvest in Doña Ana and Sierra Counties, 1995, 1997, and 2000.

*Labor cost divided by total production costs.

Source: Eastman, 1997


Total estimated industry workforce needed by month
Total estimated industry workforce needed by month and growing region

Source: Eastman, 1996, Processor interviews conducted 5/2001-9/2001


Impact analysis for planning implan
IMpact Analysis for PLANning (IMPLAN) and growing region

  • Direct effects

  • Indirect effects

  • Induced Effects

  • Backward linkages

  • Full-time equivalents


Green Chile Pepper, Jalapeño, and Red Chile Industry Input-Output Modeling-Doña Ana and Luna Counties Combined

Source: IMPLAN 2001, Model Output


Summary
Summary Input-Output Modeling-Doña Ana and Luna

  • Thesis objectives

    • Chile pepper processor interviews

    • Description of the chile pepper industry

    • Review existing information

    • Application of IMPLAN


Implications
Implications Input-Output Modeling-Doña Ana and Luna

  • Inaccurate and limited industry data

  • Significant “employment” economic impacts on the local economy


Shortcomings
Shortcomings Input-Output Modeling-Doña Ana and Luna

  • Exercise caution when looking at results

  • Backward linkages

  • Accurate representation of the local economy

  • Agriculture employment data


Recommendations
Recommendations Input-Output Modeling-Doña Ana and Luna

  • Unanswered questions

  • Create new sector within IMPLAN


Questions
Questions? Input-Output Modeling-Doña Ana and Luna


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