Science Funding Landscape in Central and South Americas and  Caribbean Region
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Science Funding Landscape in Central and South Americas and Caribbean Region. The National Council for Scientific and Technological Development. José Oswaldo Siqueira, Ph.D Director. July, 2009. Organization of the Higher Education, Science and Technology in Brazil. Ministry of S&T.

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Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Science Funding Landscape in Central and South Americas and Caribbean Region

The National Council for Scientific and Technological Development

José Oswaldo Siqueira, Ph.D

Director

July, 2009


Organization of the higher education science and technology in brazil

Organization of the Higher Education, Science and Technology in Brazil

Ministry of S&T

National Council

S&T - CCT

Executive Secretariat

SEPED

SETEC

SEPIN

SECIS

FINEP

Research and Projects Financing

CNPq

National Council for Scientific and Technological Development

CGEE

Strategical Studies and Management Center

CNEN

National Commission of Nuclear Energy

AEB

Brazilian Space Agency


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Proposed budget

Sectorial Funds

National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development - FNDCTBudgetary Execution for S & T(R$ millions)

Investment in S & T is expanding


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Sectoral Funds For R & D

A promising future for S&T in Brazil

  • Expansion of investments by adding US$ 1,3 billion per year

  • 17,5% of the economic domain intervention contribution;

  • A total of 16 Funds for R&D in strategic areas;

  • Participation of Governmental , Industry and Service sectors

  • Stability for R&D budget and investments-FNDCT

    Shared management with industry and academic communities;

  • Congress passed the law of The National Fund for Scientific and Technological Development – FNDCT

  • Plan of Action (PAC) for S&T launched by Federal Government:

    A total of US$ 23 billion is being invested in a four-year period in strategic areas -Biotechnology, Bioenergy, Biodiversity, Innovation, Agriculture and Health


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Plano de Ação 2007-2010

Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação para o Desenvolvimento Nacional

Governo

Política

Financiamento

Pesquisa & Serviço

$

$

Formação de RH

Pesquisa básica

e aplicada

Inovação

P&D

Institutos Tecnológicos

Centros de P&D

Empresas

Universidades

publicações

conhecimento

produtos novos,

patentes

$

State Policy

Principais atores institucionais

Priorities

&

Funds

Coordenation

&

Governance


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Science & Technology Overall Budget

(2000-2006) and Proposed (2007-2010)

R$ billions

6

5

4

3

2

1


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Empresas

Agências

CNPq

FINEP

CAPES

FAPs

Outros

MS

Petrobras

BNDES

Acadêmico – Independente

Aplicado – Estruturado

Structure of Funding of the S &T System

Sibratec

IPTs

Institutos

Federais de C&T

Institutos do MCT

Entidades Associadas

Núcleos de P,D&I

Institutos Nacionais de C&T

Núcleos de Excelência - Pronex

Universidades

Redes Temáticas

Grupos de Pesquisa

Cortesia Dr. M. Zago


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Outros parceiros

Agências de Fomento

a Serviço do Desenvolvimento

FAP´s

Fomento

e Bolsas

“ICT`s”

(Regional)

Infra-estrutura e

Inovação Tecnológica

e Política Industrial

“Jurídica - Empresas”

Pós-Graduação

Regulação

Bolsas

“Universidades”

Política

Fomento

Bolsas

“Pesquisadores”


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

The National Council for Scientific and Technological Development

  • It was established in 1951 as an officce to coordinate research projects in nuclear technology

  • Today is the major Federal Funding Agency for S&T

  • Mission: Promote scientific and technological development

    and contribute to the national S&T policies through

    capacity-building and financing of research projects

  • Technical Staff: 723 S&T annalists and administration

    personnel

  • Handled more than 80,000 Research Grant & Scholarship Applications in 2008

  • Budget of at R$ 1,42 Billion for the fiscal year of 2008


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

GOVERNO FEDERAL

Ministério da

Ciência e Tecnologia

  • Policy and Funding for Scientific and Technological Development

  • Human Resources Qualification to Create Critical mass and Scientific Competence

  • Novel knowledge for technological Innovation and Social Development


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

CNPq’s Organization Chart

Deliberative

Council

CNPq President

Vice President

Directorate of Thematic and Sectorial Programs - DPT

DAD

DPH

Major Areas

Earth and Environmental Sciences

Biological and Health Sciences

Agriculture and Biotechnology

General Coordination

Technical Coordination

Scientific Adv. Committee

Tech.& Administrative Staff


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

CNPq´s Total Investiments : 1998-2008

(%) distribution

Scholar.

Research Grant

40

26

29

28

28

28

29

23

10

17

60

74

71

72

72

71

72

77

90

83

1400

1200

42

FNDCT

1000

Fundos

Setoriais

800

Investimento (Milhões R$)

600

58

400

200

0

1998

2000

2002

2004

2006

2008

Fiscal year

Siqueira, 2009

Fonte: CNPq / AEI


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Budget Composition and Allocation

Total PPA / CNPq R$ 0,83 Bi

Fiscal Year 2008

Total Executado R$ 1,42 Bi

Scholarships

Siqueira, 2009


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Allocation of CNPq’s Investments

Adm

9%

Research

31%

Scholarships

60 %

Total Budget

R$ 1,42 Bi

2008

Federal Budget

R$ 0,83 Bi


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

MERIT REVIEW PROCESS AT CNPq

Through its merit review process, CNPq ensures that proposal submitted are reviewed in a fair, competitive, transparent, and in-depth manner

2

PROPOSAL SUBMITTED

3

PROPOSAL RECEIVED

1

OPPORTUNITY ANNOUNCED

PHASE I

PROPOSAL PREPARATION AND SUBMISSION

45 DAYS

6

TC

RECOMMEN-DATION

7

TECHNICAL DIRECTOR REVIEW

4

REVIEWERS SELECTED

5

PEER REVIEW (TC)

PHASE II

PROPOSAL REVIEW AND PROCESSING

30 DAYS

9

AWARD FINALIZED

(GRANT AGREEMENT)

8

BUSINESS REVIEW

Money at coordinators account

PHASE III

AWARD PROCESSING

Lattes Plataform ( Academic data base )


Cnpq s investments in research and development

CNPq´s Investments in Research and Development

  • Support the highest-quality fundamental and applied research and building capacity for S&T through national competitive grant programs across all disciplines

  • Provides a wide range of complementary schemes to support:

    • Researchers at different stages of their careers

    • Post-doctoral training in all academic fields and also in industry

    • Post-graduate programs by providing scholarships to newly-awarded doctors in relevant themes

    • Under-graduate research scholarship to stimulate scientific career

    • Research technical support by offering scholarships to lab assistants


Cnpq s investments in research and development1

CNPq´s Investments in Research and Development

  • Provide special programs to establishes and expand research networks and collaborations

  • Establishes partnerships with State Agencies for the regional development of S&T

  • The development and establishment of Centers of Research Excellence

  • Establishes partnerships with other government sectors and organizations to support projects in S,T&I

  • Funding for knowledge and technology transfer to enhance life quality and social development

  • International scientific exchanges and research cooperation


Cnpq s granting instruments

CNPq´s Granting Instruments

  • Research Productivity Fellowship Program

  • Human Resource Qualification (in country and abroad);

  • Short Term Duration Grants:

    Congresses, Visiting Scientists, Travel expenses, and Scientific Missions;

  • Call for Research Proposals:

  • - Universal - Nationwide Competitive Grant´s Program:

  • Individual research projects in all fields (smalls

  • expenses / equipments);

  • - Thematic Calls for Sectorial Funds Strategic areas

  • Agreements and Partnerships – Research Grants and Scholarships

  • Calls or Contracts (institutional, ministries, government

  • organizations, and international agencies - donations);

  • Partnerships with State Funding Agencies

  • (Several programs: PRONEX-Regional Excellence Centers and INCTs)


Academic technological scholarships

Academic & Technological Scholarships

Academic Scholarships

Technological Scholarships

Scientific

Initiation Jr

High

School

Scientific

Initiation

ITI

Under-

graduate

MSc

PhD

In Country

Abroad

Doct.

Sandwich

RHAE

Graduate

PD

PD

Abroad

RSD

DTI

Pos-

Doctoral


Special programs

Special Programs

Grants

Millennium

Science

Initiative

National

Networks

PRONEX

INCT´s

Regional

Networks

PPP

Young

Researchers

Universal

Proof of

Principle


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Conselho Nacional do Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico

GOVERNO FEDERAL

Ministério da

Ciência e Tecnologia

Investiments in Scholarships-Year 2009

Modalidade

Quantidade

Total (mil R$)

ICJr

10.000

12.000

PIBIC - IC

23.000

82.800

Mestrado

11.000

147.180

Doutorado

9.000

230.184

DTI, EXP e ITI

9.800

117.600

PD Jr

1000

36.720

DCR

600

27.360

PQ + Grant

12.000

228.600

Total

76.400

882.444

CAPES another 49,000 graduate scholarships


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

123

R$ 606 milhões

FAPs

R$ 212 milhões

CAPES

R$ 30 milhões

MS

R$ 19 milhões

BNDES

R$ 24 milhões

Petrobras

R$ 21 milhões

CNPq

R$ 110 milhões

FNDCT

R$ 190 milhões

INCT – Institutos Nacionais de Ciência e Tecnologia

National research network

Reviewed by an International Committee


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Outras7

Nuclear2

Antártica e Mar3

Energia7

Biodiversidade

Meio Ambiente7

Saúde 39

123

Agronegócio 9

Amazônia7

TICs7

Engenharias, Física

Matemática14

Ciências Sociais10

Biotecnologia/

Nanotecnologia11

Áreas do Conhecimento ou de Tecnologia


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazônia

Pará

Ceará

Rio Grande do Norte

Paraíba

Universidade Federal de

Pernambuco

Acre

Rondônia

Sergipe

UNB

Universidade Federal de Viçosa

Mato Grosso

Minas Gerais

Goiás

Mato Grosso do Sul

Espírito Santo

SEDE

USP

Diretoria de Hidrografia e Navegação

INPE

UFRJ

FIOCRUZ

CTA

Laboratório Nacional de Computação Científica

UNICAMP

Paraná

Santa Catarina

Fundação Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

Exemplo

Instituto Nacional de C&T para Mudanças Climáticas

NATIONWIDE RESEARCH NETWORK COORDINATED BY A LEADER TEAM


Groups of excellence pronex jointly operated with state agencies

Groups of Excellence - PRONEX Jointly operated with State Agencies

  • Target: Outstanding research groups;

  • Strategy: Stimulation of state-wide interdisciplinary projects;

  • Goals: Increase of nation-wide S&T competence and decrease of regional imbalance;

  • 292 projects distributed in all States.

    Total funding more than US$ 100 millions


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico

80

200

Estados (FAPs)

94

46

CNPq/FNDCT

147

61

Valores (R$ milhões)

100

44

40

31

54

2008

2010

1996

2001

1997

2002

1998

2004

2003

2005

2006

2007

Recursos PRONEX: 1996 – 2010


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Agriculture

Health Science

Projeto

Genoma

Genoma Nordeste-ProGeNe

Regional da Amazônia

Leishmania chagasi

Paullinia cupana

(guaranazeiro)

Agriculture

Genoma do Estado da Bahia

Crinipellis perniciosa

Health Science

Health Science

Genoma Centro-Oeste

Paracoccidioides brasiliensis

Genoma do Estado de Minas Gerais

Schistosoma mansoni

Agriculture

Agriculture

Genoma Rio de Janeiro - RioGene

Genoma do Estado do Paraná

Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus

Herbaspirillum seropedicae

Health Science

Consórcio

Trypanosoma cruzi

Agriculture

Projeto Rede Sul de Análise de Genomas e

Biologia Estrutural

Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae

National Genome Network


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

CPAMN

UEMA

UESPI

UFMA

UFPI

UERN

CNPAT

UFRN

CNPC

UNIFOR

CNPA

UFPB

CPqAM

UNICAP

IPA

UFAL

UFS

CPqGM

UNIT

UNIFACS

UESB

INCAPER

UFES

Northeast Biotechnology Network

EMBRAPA T.C

R$ 18,6 millions

RESEARCH AND CAPACITY BUILDING

To develop products and processes innovation for Agriculture, Health, Industry and Natural Resources

We are preparing to launch

Bionort Network


Brazil s policy for international cooperation according to the plan of action for s t 2007 2010

Brazil´s Policy for International Cooperation According to the Plan of Action for S&T 2007-2010

  • MAJOR OBJECTIVE

    To expand and consolidate international cooperation through the enhancement of cooperation instrument and improved management strategies:

  • Diversify and expand strategic bilateral and multilateral partnerships with developed and underdeveloped countries

  • Assume a pro-active policy to establish cooperation in frontier science, cutting edge technology and integrated projects in prioritized areas and spontaneous academic and industry demands

  • Strength and expansion of Brazil representation in international organisms and S&T related protocols


Brazil s agenda for international cooperation in s t

Brazil´s Agenda for International Cooperation in S&T

  • To establish a plan of actions for cooperation in accordance to country’s priorities

  • To coordinate and expand high level bilateral cooperation with USA, EU, Japan, China, and Ukraine

  • To identify opportunities for Asia, Africa and Latin America. Emphasis in food production in underdeveloped countries

  • Main areas of interest for cooperation are: Biofuel, Biotechnology,Animal Health, Nanotechnology, Space and Nuclear Sciences,, Amazon, Conservation and Biodiversity

  • use and Global change mitigation


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

MCT

Authority

CNPq

Agency

Level II

“Technical”

Office Division

Cooperation Agreement

  • Actors

  • Researchers

  • Leaders/Groups

  • Unit/Dept./Labs/Faculty

Level III

“Academic”

Foreign Institutions

Brazilian Institutions

INSTRUMENTS

  • Joint-call for proposals

  • Exchange / mobility programs

  • Training / capacity building

  • Technology development/transfer

Government Policy for International Cooperation

Level I

“Political”

Diplomatic Representation

Framework Agreement

Hierarchy and Level of International Cooperation


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

CNPq’s Strategy for International Cooperation

  • To promote human resources capacity in S&T to expand national competence;

  • To support scientific and technological development;

  • To promote technological innovation;

  • To contribute to the inclusion of brazilian groups and institutions at international scientific and technological communities;

  • To collaborate with capacity building of underdevelopment countries.


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

COOPERATION STRATEGIES

  • Bilateral and multilateral programs and agreements

    - Joint projects and research networks in prioritized areas and themes

    - Exploratory missions for scientific and technological cooperation

    - Building capacity through training of foreign students in Brazil

    - Mobility of scientists and students for training and research projects

  • Bilateral agreement with Latin American Countries –

    Argentina, Cuba, Colombia, Chile, México, Uruguay, Venezuela, Peru, Costa Rica, and Equador

    - PROSUL – R$ 14 millions for the period 2001-2006

    - CIAM: Science and Engineering – R$ 1,2 million

  • Graduate Scholarship for Foreign Students in Brazil

    - PEC-PG: total 209 from 2002-2007

    - Brazil – Argentina Pos-doc Program: Brazil granted 20 scholarships

    - CNPq / TWAS (Doctorate and Post-doc): 40 doctorates

    and 10 post-docs


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Research and Capacity Building Through

International Collaboration at CNPq

  • Thematic programs ( Atlantic Forest , Marine Science, etc);

  • Joint research projects in areas of common interest (Bilateral Agreements: KOSEF, NSF, CNRS, CONICET, CONACYT, GRICES, etc);

  • Multilateral projects of R&D cooperation – Special Actions (PROSUL, PROÁFRICA, CPLP, IBAS);

  • R&D Projects related to Multilateral Programs (CYTED, CIAM, CERN);

  • International Organizations: contribution and participation

  • for scientific projects development and capacity-building;

  • Investments of R$ 14 million (2001 – 2006)


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

International Cooperation in Biotechnology

  • Argentina / Brazil (CBAB)

  • - Joint-Calls for training courses at post-graduate level in Proteomic, Bioinformatics, Vaccines, Biosafety, and DNA Sequencing Biotechnology.

  • - Total Investments: R$ 2,9 Million.

  • Germany / Brazil

  • - Exchanges and Training Scientific (R$ 0,64 Million)


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

BILATERAL COOPERATION

  • Joint Projects:

  • - 42 agreements (10 with Latino America) involving

  • 24 Countries

  • Annual call for proposals to support exchanges / mobilities

  • Thematics:

  • - CIAM (Materials – Americas)

  • Nanotechnology Nets (France)

  • AKA Finland (Biomass for energy and photonics)

  • European Union (Biofuels)


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

MULTILATERAL COOPERATION

To Support Projects in S,T&I:

- Prosul- Proáfrica

- CYTED- Ciências Sociais CPLP

- CERN (Suíça) - IBAS (Índia, Brasil e África do Sul)

- União Européia - UE- Observatório Pierre Auger

Thematics:

- Atlantic Forrest- Marines Sciences

Capacity Building (Scholarship):

- PEC-PG- TWAS

Cooperation with Internationals Organisms


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

PROSUL

Programa Sul-Americano de Apoio

às Atividades de Cooperação em Ciência e Tecnologia

Objetivo:

apoiar atividades de cooperação em C,T&I entre grupos brasileiros e dos demais países sul-americanos, que contribuam para o desenvolvimento científico e tecnológico da região, mediante a geração e a apropriação de conhecimento e a elevação da capacidade tecnológica dos países, em temas selecionados por sua relevância estratégica.

Financiamento (Editais e Projetos Especiais):

mobilidade de pesquisadores brasileiros e sul-americanos, e pequenas despesas de custeio, conforme o estabelecido em editais.

Recursos Aplicados desde 2002: R$ 21,5 Milhões


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

PROÁFRICA

Programa de CooperaçãoTemática em Matéria de C&T

Objetivo

  • Apoiar o intercâmbio entre pesquisadores brasileiros e de países

    africanos, preferencialmente, de língua portuguesa

    Apoio financeiro (Editais e Projetos Especiais):

  • Missões exploratórias, projetos e eventos

    Países Participantes

  • 21 países: África do Sul, Argélia, Angola, Benin, Burkina

    Fasso, Cabo Verde, Camarões, Costa do Marfin, Guiné Bissau, Líbia,

    Moçambique, Namíbia, Nigéria, Níger, Quênia, Senegal, Tanzânia,

    Tunísia, Uganda, Zimbábue, além de São Tomé e Príncipe.

    Recursos Aplicados desde 2005: R$ 7,3 Milhões


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

CPLP

Programa de Cooperação em Matéria

de Ciências Sociais para a Comunidade

dos Países de Língua Portuguesa

Objetivo

  • Apoiar o intercâmbio de pesquisadores com atuação na área de

    Ciências Sociais entre os países da CPLP

    Apoio financeiro (Editais e Projetos Especiais):

  • Missões exploratórias, projetos e eventos

    Países Participantes

  • 6 países:

    - Angola, - Cabo Verde, - Guiné Bissau,

    - Moçambique, - Portugal e - São Tomé e Príncipe

    Recursos Aplicados desde 2005: R$ 2,0 Milhões


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

PEC-PG

Programa de Estudantes

Convênio de Pós-Graduação

Iniciativa CNPq – CAPES – MRE

- Objetiva a formação de RH, com vistas a possibilitar estrangeiros de países em desenvolvimento, a realização de pós-graduação em Instituição de Ensino Superior brasileira

- Constitui atividade de cooperação educacional exercida exclusivamente com os países os quais o Brasil mantém Acordo de Cooperação Cultural e Educacional.

- Concede bolsas de Mestrado, (até 24 meses – Bolsa do CNPq) e Doutorado (até 48 meses – Bolsa da CAPES)


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

PEC-PG

Programa de Estudantes

Convênio de Pós-Graduação

Iniciativa CNPq – CAPES – MRE

  • Forma de Implementação:

    Implementado sob a forma de edital, lançado anualmente na segunda

    quinzena de maio.

  • Candidaturas:

    Submetidas nas embaixadas e consulados brasileiros nos países

    participantes do Programa.

  • Paises Participantes: 54 países, sendo 29 países da África, Ásia e Oceania e 25 países da América Latina e Caribe.


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Convênio CNPq/TWAS

Bolsas de Doutorado e Pós-Doutorado no Brasil

  • Objetiva a capacitação de recursos humanos por intermédio de

    concessão de bolsas de doutorado pleno e de pós-doutorado no

    Brasil a estrangeiros oriundos de países em desenvolvimento.

  • Concede desde 2004, até 40 bolsas de Doutorado e 10 de

    Pós-Doutorado para jovens pesquisadores de países em

    desenvolvimento em instituições de pesquisa brasileiras

  • América Latina: 10 bolsistas de Doutorado e 2 de Pós-Doutorado (aproximadamente 20% do Programa)


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Convênio CNPq/TWAS

Bolsas de Doutorado e Pós-Doutorado no Brasil

  • Forma de Implementação

    O Acordo CNPq/TWAS é implementado por meio de chamada,

    publicada na página eletrônica da TWAS, aberta anualmente até

    dia 31 de agosto

  • Candidaturas

    Submetidas ao CNPq e à TWAS, por envio dos documentos

    requeridos (www.twas.org)

    - Países Participantes

    Todos os países em desenvolvimento


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

CYTED

Programa Ibero-Americano de Ciência e

Tecnologia para o Desenvolvimento

Redes Temáticas, Projetos de Pesquisas e Projetos de Pesquisa

Consorciados. Investimentos de US$ 500 mil anuais.


Jos oswaldo siqueira ph d director

Thank you

Please contact us :

José Oswaldo Siqueira

Director of Thematic and

Sectorial Programs – CNPq

e-mail: [email protected]

[email protected]

http://www.cnpq.br


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