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The End of Apartheid and South Africa Today. World Studies. International Pressure. The Apartheid government of South Africa faced considerable external pressure against their actions. United Nations had condemned Apartheid since the early 1960’s and promoted economic sanctions.

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The end of apartheid and south africa today

The End of Apartheid and South Africa Today

World Studies


International pressure
International Pressure

  • The Apartheid government of South Africa faced considerable external pressure against their actions.

  • United Nations had condemned Apartheid since the early 1960’s and promoted economic sanctions.

  • Pope John Paul II delivered an anti-Apartheid speech in 1985; in 1988 called for economic sanctions against South Africa

  • Some European countries (Sweden) supported the ANC financially.

  • United States and UK eventually enacted some sanctions against South Africa(1985)





Pre 1994
Pre- 1994

  • In 1989, FW de Clerk takes over as President of South Africa.

  • He quickly begins to dismantle Apartheid.

  • Repeals discriminatory laws

  • Released Mandela (and others) from prison.

  • Lift the ban on ANC and other anti-Apartheid groups.


The election of 1994
The Election of 1994

  • The 1994 election would be the first “free” election in South Africa’s history.

  • All adults regardless of race could vote!

  • Since SA was 80% black, it was understood that a black candidate would win.

  • Results (Top 3)

  • ANC (Mandela)

    • 63%

  • National Party (de Klerk)

    • 20%

  • Inkatha(Buthelezi)

    • 11%


Nelson mandela
Nelson Mandela

  • “Madiba”

  • 1918- present (94 years old)

  • Ethnically Xhosa

  • Jailed 27 years

  • Won Nobel Peace Prize (along w/ de Klerk)

  • July 18th: Mandela Day


Madiba votes
Madiba Votes!



Now what
Now what?

  • Following the 1994 Election, the potential for revenge against the white minority existed.

  • Mandela promoted reconciliation between blacks and whites in order to avoid a “bloodbath.”

    • 1995 Rugby World Cup

    • Appointed whites to government positions

    • TRC



Truth and reconciliation commission trc
Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC)

  • “Restorative Justice”

  • Led by Bishop Desmond Tutu

  • Goals

  • Listen to victims tell of human rights abuses during Apartheid.

  • Restore victims’ dignity; help with rehab

  • Offer amnesty in exchange for testimony (849 out of 7,112)




Desmond tutu
Desmond Tutu

  • 1931- present

  • Anglican Bishop

  • Xhosa

  • Activist during Apartheid

  • Headed the TRC

  • Nobel Peace Prize winner


World cup 2010
World Cup 2010

  • Most popular sporting event in the world.

  • South Africa was first African nation ever to host the World Cup.

  • Pros

    • Increased tourism, spending in SA

  • Cons

    • Poor were “relocated” to beautify city.

    • Locals not allowed to sell at events





South africa in 2013
South Africa in 2013

  • South Africa finds itself between two “worlds.”

  • Striving to become more “developed,” still faces many issues associated with “developing” nations.

  • +

    • Stable democracy

    • Strong infrastructure

    • Economic base (manufacturing, mining)

  • -

    • Unemployment/ poverty

    • HIV/AIDS

    • Political corruption


Night night
Night night.


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