Reducing passenger vehicle ghg emissions
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Reducing Passenger Vehicle GHG Emissions. Tom Cackette California Air Resources Board SEI Roundtable Next Steps Post-Kyoto: U.S. Options Session 1: Where Are We Now?. Climate Change In CA. Climate Change in CA Past 100 Years. Higher temperature (0.7 °F) Sea level rise (3-8 inches)

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Reducing Passenger Vehicle GHG Emissions

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Reducing passenger vehicle ghg emissions

Reducing Passenger Vehicle GHG Emissions

Tom Cackette

California Air Resources Board

SEI Roundtable

Next Steps Post-Kyoto: U.S. Options

Session 1: Where Are We Now?


Climate change in ca

Climate Change In CA


Climate change in ca past 100 years

Climate Change in CAPast 100 Years

  • Higher temperature (0.7 °F)

  • Sea level rise (3-8 inches)

  • Spring run-off decrease (12%)

1984

2002


Climate change in ca next 100 years

Climate Change in CANext 100 Years

  • Temperature increase 7 to 10 oF

    • Heat stress related deaths

  • Sea level rise 11 to 16 inches

    • Property damage

    • Saltwater contamination of fresh water supply

  • Sierra snow pack reduced 73 to 89 percent

    • Winter/spring flooding

    • Not enough irrigation water in summer


Pavley bill

Pavley Bill

  • Signed by Governor - 2002

  • Requires reduction of greenhouse gas emissions

    • New passenger vehicles sold in California

    • 2009+ models

    • Maximum feasible reduction

    • Cost beneficial to consumer


Clear public support

Clear Public Support

“What about the state law that requires all automakers to further reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases from new cars in California by 2009? Do you support or oppose this law?”

  • 2004:81% support

  • 2003:80% support

  • 2002:81% support


Vehicle sources of greenhouse gas emissions

Nitrous Oxide

HFCs

Catalyst

CO2

A/C compressor

Vehicle Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

CO2

Methane

Transmission

Engine


Available technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions

2005 Chrysler 300C Hemi

Automated Manual Transmission

Audi TT

Audi TT

3.2 V6

Cylinder Deactivation

Available Technologiesto Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions

6%1

7%

1 % CO2 reduction, large car


Available technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions1

Acura RSX

Honda Accord

Toyota Matrix

Available Technologiesto Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Variable valve timing & lift

4%


Available technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions2

2005 Audi

Volvo S60

BMW 5 Series

Available Technologiesto Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Gasoline Direct Injection

w/dual cam phasers

1%

BMW Valvetronic

(continuously variable valve timing & lift)

6%

8%

Turbocharger

w/ engine downsize


Emerging technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions

2005 Chevrolet Silverado

Integrated Starter/Generator

Homogeneous Combustion

Compression Ignition

Camless valve actuation

Emerging Technologiesto Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions

4%

16%

6%


Fleet average emission standards

Fleet Average Emission Standards

~22% reduction

in 20121

~30% reduction

in 20161

1 Compared to 2002 models


Regulation reduces ca climate change emissions

Regulation Reduces CAClimate Change Emissions*

-19%

-27%

* Fleetwide


Average price increase of new low ghg vehicles

Average Price Increase of New, Low GHG Vehicles


Average price increase of new low ghg vehicles1

Average Price Increase of New, Low GHG Vehicles


Net savings for vehicle purchaser

Net Savings for Vehicle Purchaser


Net savings for vehicle purchaser1

Net Savings for Vehicle Purchaser


Economic impacts

Economic Impacts

  • More jobs (53,000)

  • Higher income ($5 billion/year)

  • Positive impacts on low income communities

  • Increase in number of businesses

  • Slightly lower smog emissions (3 tpd)

  • Vehicle sales (~4% lower after 2015)


Further information california air resources board

Further InformationCalifornia Air Resources Board

Tom Cackette [email protected]

916-322-2892

Chuck [email protected]

916-322-6964


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