How do you respond to a Depression?. Economic Cycle. Prosperity. Recovery. Recession. Depression. By the numbers…. A depression is different than a recession because: Unemployment drops even further (usually more than 10% are unemployed)
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You might ask, what do we do when a recession or depression hits? Who is responsible for action?
These things only led the a large federal deficit. So Bennett had to cut back on spending and cancel many of these programs
1930 – Bennett defeats King
Starts relief camps for unemployed single men
Men worked on public projects and received 20 cents a day, room and board
Bennett also raised tariffs
Plan was to force other countries to lower tariffs
This didn’t work
Canadian citizens address the Depression in many different ways
Charities and churches
Collecting public relief
Fed. and prov. gov’t passed responsibility to municipalities
Feds wanted nothing to do with Depression
Provinces were helpless
This cost King the election
This is the beginning of what is referred to as Canada’s “social safety net”
Maximum work week
Regulation of working conditions
Families were given relief payments for children until these children reached the age of 16. Because of this, most of these young men left home to reduce the burden on their families.
Thousands of unemployed rode freight trains to the west looking for work which didn't exist.
The Conservative government of Bennett set up work camps to prevent the growing unrest among this wandering mass of young unemployed workers
The camps were located in remote areas such as northern Ontario and B.C.'s interior.
Inmates called these camps "slave camps". They lived on war surplus clothing, bunked in tar-paper shacks, ate army rations and were forced to work six and a half days a week for twenty cents a day.
Due to the conditions these workers found themselves in, they formed the Relief Camp Workers Union (RCWU) in 1932
In the spring of 1935, RCWU went on strike.
They filled the streets of Vancouver shouting "Work & wages" and "When Do We Eat?".
They demanded real work wages, better food, clothing and shelter, and an end to military discipline.
Despite the overwhelming public support of "our boys", the federal government refused to negotiation with strikers.
After this, the strikers voted to take their grievances to Parliament Hill in Ottawa.
This mass journey to Ottawa was known as the “On-to-Ottawa” Trek