kaveh aminzadeh school of population health university of auckland
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
adolescent wellbeing & Neighbourhoods

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 16

adolescent wellbeing & Neighbourhoods - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 138 Views
  • Uploaded on

Kaveh Aminzadeh School of Population Health University of Auckland. adolescent wellbeing & Neighbourhoods. Adolescent Wellbeing. Concerns Positive Youth Development “Problem-free is not fully prepared …” Pittman, 1991)

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' adolescent wellbeing & Neighbourhoods' - celina


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
kaveh aminzadeh school of population health university of auckland
KavehAminzadeh

School of Population Health

University of Auckland

adolescent wellbeing &Neighbourhoods

adolescent wellbeing
Adolescent Wellbeing
  • Concerns
  • Positive Youth Development
    • “Problem-free is not fully prepared …” Pittman, 1991)
    • Development takes place through the processes of reciprocal interactions between individual and environment (Bronfenbrennar, 1981)
neighbourhoods
Neighbourhoods
  • Importance for Adolescents
  • Neighbourhood & Wellbeing
    • Neighbourhood characteristics as Stressors/Resources influencing health directly/indirectly
    • Social Capital Theory (Putnam, 1995)
  • Limited Previous Studies
    • Adult-centred/inappropriate methods

(Morgan 2009 & Borges 2010)

why multilevel analysis
Why Multilevel Analysis?

(Manski, 1995)

Individual Characteristics

Environment

methodology
Methodology
  • Youth 07 dataset
    • Nationally representative random sample
    • 9107 students (years 9-13), 96 schools [Response rate: 84% of schools & 74% of students]
    • Geo-coding procedure
defining neighbourhood
Defining Neighbourhood
  • Census Area Unit

9107students ,1188 Neighbourhoods

5567 Students,

262 Neighbourhoods

individual level measures
Individual level measures
  • Demographic variables
    • Gender, Age, Ethnicity & Socioeconomic Status
  • Emotional Wellbeing (Diener 2009)
    • WHO-5 Wellbeing Index
      • Cheerful/Good spirits; Calm/Relaxed; Active/Vigorous; Fresh/Rested; Interested in life
    • General Mood
    • Life Satisfaction
neighbourhood level measures
Neighbourhood level measures
  • Social Cohesion (e.g. Do the people in your neighbourhood help each other? Are they friendly?)
  • Membership in Community Organisations (e.g. Do you belong to a volunteer group who help with disabilities?)
  • Residential Stability (In the past year how many times have you moved home?)
  • Neighbourhood Facilities(e.g. park, sports field)
  • Neighbourhood Physical Disorders(e.g. Graffiti, rubbish)
analysis
Analysis
  • Bivariate Analysis
  • Multilevel Analysis
    • Cross classified random intercept multilevel model
    • Examining cross-level Interaction between individual SES and the main effects
results bivariate association
Results – Bivariate Association

P = 0.0044

n = 262

P < 0.0001

Psychological Wellbeing

slide12

P = 0.06

Psychological Wellbeing

High membership

Medium membership

Low membership

Socio-economic Deprivation

summary of findings
Summary of Findings
  • Significant positive association between adolescent wellbeing and neighbourhood social cohesion & youth membership.
  • No association between adolescent wellbeing and neighbourhood facilities, neighbourhood physical disorders & residential stability.
  • Buffering effect of neighbourhood youth membership for students in high SED.
discussion
Discussion
  • Strengths
    • Nationally representative data; Multilevel analysis; Validated measures of positive outcome;
  • Limitations
    • Cross-sectional design; Only including adolescents at school; Limited in defining neighbourhood
future research
Future Research
  • Including data from both adolescents and adults
  • How to increase social cohesion
  • How to increase youth participation in community affairs
acknowledgment
Acknowledgment
  • Students, staff and schools participating with the Youth’07 survey
  • Youth’07 was funded by
    • Health Research Council, Department of Labour, Families Commission, ACC, SPARC, ALAC, and Ministries of Youth Development, Justice and Health
ad