Personality and mate preferences
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Personality and Mate Preferences. Kali Thomas Tatianna Smith Tatiana Hughes. Video Clips. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hqbl6noBCK4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d1cSrS6UjGg. Study Objectives.

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Personality and Mate Preferences

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Personality and mate preferences

Personality and Mate Preferences

Kali Thomas

Tatianna Smith

Tatiana Hughes

Botwin, D., Buss, D. D., & Shackelford, T. K. (1991). Personality and mate preferences: Five factors in mate selesction and marital status, Journal od Personality, 65(1), 107-136.


Video clips

Video Clips

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hqbl6noBCK4

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d1cSrS6UjGg

Botwin, D., Buss, D. D., & Shackelford, T. K. (1991). Personality and mate preferences: Five factors in mate selesction and marital status, Journal od Personality, 65(1), 107-136.


Study objectives

Study Objectives

  • Testing the hypothesis to decipher how the sexes differ in regard to personality dimensions of Conscientiousness and Intellect-Openness

  • To find out what people look for in a long term mate

  • To find out the extent to which couples are matched on specific personality traits

  • To find out if people consciously seek out mates with similar personalities

  • To determine if people’s mates are their original preferences

  • To determine if there is a correlation between a failure to get one’s ideal preference and marital unhappiness

Botwin, D., Buss, D. D., & Shackelford, T. K. (1991). Personality and mate preferences: Five factors in mate selesction and marital status, Journal od Personality, 65(1), 107-136.


Procedures

Procedures

  • There were a total of 118 undergrads consisting of 59 dating couples. There was a total of 214 individuals consisting of 107 newlyweds.

  • First, participants completed a demographic questionnaire at home

  • In the lab, while separated from their partners, participants answered marital satisfaction questions about their partner and their personal mate preferences.

  • Then the couples were interviewed together.

  • After the interview, the interviewers rated each participant using a bipolar rating scale.

Botwin, D., Buss, D. D., & Shackelford, T. K. (1991). Personality and mate preferences: Five factors in mate selesction and marital status, Journal od Personality, 65(1), 107-136.


Results

Results

  • For both the married and dating couples, there were no significant differences in regard to age, political views, religion, and academic background.

  • Women are more specific about what personality traits they look for in a mate such as extraversion and openness.

  • Couples have low levels of matching in areas such as agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness.

  • Men and women both desire mates with similar personalities.

Botwin, D., Buss, D. D., & Shackelford, T. K. (1991). Personality and mate preferences: Five factors in mate selesction and marital status, Journal od Personality, 65(1), 107-136.


Results continued

Results continued..

  • Both men and women select mates who match their preferences.

  • Agreeableness, emotional stability, and openness are correlated with marital happiness.

  • Women tend to look for agreeableness, emotional stability, and openness in mates because they are good predictors of men’s ability to successfully provide.

  • Inability to match up with preferred mate is not a precursor for marital unhappiness.

Botwin, D., Buss, D. D., & Shackelford, T. K. (1991). Personality and mate preferences: Five factors in mate selesction and marital status, Journal od Personality, 65(1), 107-136.


Study strengths

Study Strengths

  • Including both married and dating couples helps to determine differences.

  • They clearly define their objectives.

Botwin, D., Buss, D. D., & Shackelford, T. K. (1991). Personality and mate preferences: Five factors in mate selesction and marital status, Journal od Personality, 65(1), 107-136.


Study weaknesses

Study Weaknesses

  • Part of the questionnaires were filled out at the participants’ homes, so the environment was not controlled.

  • They don’t specify if they had unmarried couples rate relationship satisfaction.

  • They don’t go into detail about the content of the interview.

  • They don’t mention what the interviewers rated the participants on.

Botwin, D., Buss, D. D., & Shackelford, T. K. (1991). Personality and mate preferences: Five factors in mate selesction and marital status, Journal od Personality, 65(1), 107-136.


Quiz time yay

Quiz Time!! (YAY!!!)

1.) Which of the following was NOT one of the study’s objectives?

A.) to find what people look for in a long term mate

B.) to find out if people consciously seek out mates with similar personalities

C.) to predict the rate of divorce

D.) to determine if people’s mates are their original preferences

2.) Women tend to look for the following in a mate…

A.) Extraversion

B.)Neuroticism

C.) Openness

D.) Both A and C

3.) Which of the following is NOT a predictor of men’s ability to successfully provide?

A.) Agreeableness

B.) Physical Strength

C.)Emotional Stability

D.) Openness

Answers: 1)c 2)d 3)b

Botwin, D., Buss, D. D., & Shackelford, T. K. (1991). Personality and mate preferences: Five factors in mate selesction and marital status, Journal od Personality, 65(1), 107-136.


Almost done

Almost done…

  • T/F: There were no significant differences in regard to age, political views, religion, and academic background in couples.

  • T/F: Couples have high levels of matching in areas such as agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness.

  • T/F: Only women desire mates with similar personality traits.

Answers: 1)T 2)F 3)F

Botwin, D., Buss, D. D., & Shackelford, T. K. (1991). Personality and mate preferences: Five factors in mate selesction and marital status, Journal od Personality, 65(1), 107-136.


References

References

Botwin, D., Buss, D. M., & Shackelford, T.K. (1997). Personality and mate preferences: Five factors in mate selection and marital status. Journal of Personality, 65(1), 107-136.

Botwin, D., Buss, D. D., & Shackelford, T. K. (1991). Personality and mate preferences: Five factors in mate selesction and marital status, Journal od Personality, 65(1), 107-136.


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