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Mgmt 583 Labor Relations. Chapter 4:Union Structure and Government Fall 2007. Growth in Healthcare Industry. Union membership is in decline, but hospitals offer growth opportunities for unions. 14.6% in bargaining units. 12.6% are union members (8.2% in private hospitals). Up 2% since 2005.

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mgmt 583 labor relations

Mgmt 583 Labor Relations

Chapter 4:Union Structure and Government

Fall 2007

growth in healthcare industry
Growth in Healthcare Industry
  • Union membership is in decline, but hospitals offer growth opportunities for unions.
    • 14.6% in bargaining units.
    • 12.6% are union members (8.2% in private hospitals).
    • Up 2% since 2005.
hospital bargaining units
Hospital Bargaining Units
  • Eight predetermined categories:
    • Physicians
    • Registered nurses
    • Other professional employees
    • Medical technicians
    • Skilled maintenance workers
    • Clerical workers, guards
    • Other nonprofessional employees
  • No unit, however, will be certified that has fewer than six employees.

Source: American Hosp. Ass\'n v. NLRB, 499 U.S. 606 (1991).

union structure locals
Union Structure: Locals

Membership Meeting


Vice President

Secretary Treasurer Sergeant-at- Arms


the local
The Local
  • Represents the members of the BU in the day-to-day dealings with the employer.
  • How local jurisdiction is defined:
    • Type of work performed (craft v. industrial).
    • Specific geographic area (city or employer or facility).
    • Type of activity (bargaining, grievance handling, etc.)
    • Level of union governance (local v. national)
the local1
The Local
  • Remember that in IR there are only two partie: employer & union.
  • Employees are members of the union which represents them.
  • Member rights are protected by:
    • The Constitution of the local
    • CBA
  • Most union members do not participate in local business meetings (< 1/3).
independent local unions
Independent Local Unions
  • Some unions may be independent of a national or the AFL-CIO
  • Independent Local Unions (ILU) represent employees of a single employer and no other.
union structure locals1
Union Structure: Locals
  • Two major committees:
    • Executive Committee
      • President
      • Vice-president
      • Recording secretary
      • Financial secretary
      • Treasurer
      • Sergeant-at-arms
      • Shop Stewards
      • Business agents (craft unions)
    • Negotiation Committee
union structure locals2
Union Structure: Locals
  • Negotiation Committee
    • Chief negotiator
    • Representative from the national
    • Cost specialist
    • Note taker/secretary
    • Language draftsman
union structure locals3
Union Structure: Locals
  • Duties of the Shop Steward
    • Ensures first-line supervisors comply with the CBA
    • POC for initial grievance handling
    • Collects dues
    • Disseminates union information
    • Solicits support for union activities
  • Note: Usually enjoys superseniority
union structure nationals1
Union Structure: Nationals
  • Originally nationals represented workers in a single industry as their names may imply.
    • “International” unions are such because they include Bus in Canada.
  • They have elected presidents but full-time professional staffs.
    • Presidents are elected at the national convention by delegates chosen by the locals.
union structure nationals2
Union Structure: Nationals
  • Local-National Relationships
    • Responsible for organizing new locals
    • Charters locals
    • Requires national approval for:
      • Strikes
      • Contract ratification
    • Maintains strike fund
    • Maintains union pension funds
    • Provides IR support and expertise
union structure nationals3
Union Structure: Nationals
  • Local-National Relationships
    • Promotes union legislative agendas
      • Health and safety laws
      • Equal pay laws
      • Civil rights laws
      • Minimum wage laws
      • Repeal right-to-work laws
      • Trade restrictions
union structure nationals4
Union Structure: Nationals
  • National Goals:
    • Organizing to increase numbers and control a greater share of the labor market.
    • Enhance the satisfaction of existing members [aids retention].
  • Focus most strategic activities toward:
    • Corporate campaigns
    • PACs
    • Education
union structure afl cio
Union Structure: AFL-CIO


(9 million workers)

National Unions

(53 Independent Unions)

Local Unions

union structure afl cio1
Union Structure: AFL-CIO
  • President John J. Sweeney (1995- )
  • AFL-CIO was formed in 1955 when the AFL and the CIO mergered.
union structure afl cio2
Union Structure: AFL-CIO
  • Primary Activities are Political:
    • Supporting pro-union candidates in national, state and local elections.
    • Increasing overall union membership.
      • Union Summer – an organizing campaign.
      • Organizing Institute – trains organizers.
    • Provides support to achieving political agendas.
afl cio political agendas
AFL-CIO Political Agendas
  • Anti-Right-to-Work
  • Pro-Affirmative Action
  • Anti-English as an Official Language
  • Anti-Balanced Budget Amendment
  • Anti-School Vouchers
  • Anti-Teacher Competency Testing
  • Anti-Privatization of Public Sector
  • Pro-Regulation of HMOs
  • Anti-Free Trade (including NAFTA)
  • Pro-Increasing the Minimum Wage
afl cio political agendas1
AFL-CIO Political Agendas
  • In August 2006, the AFL-CIO announced it would spend $40 million on get-out-the-vote operations for the 2006 midterm elections.
  • Increased effort to organize service and administrative professions.
  • Increased effort to organize public employees.
  • Increased union mergers (attempting to achieve economies of scale)
change to win
Change to Win
  • Change to Win Federation formed by seven unions who want to place more emphasis on organizing and less on PACs.
    • SEIU (Andrew Stern)
    • IBT (James Hoffa)
    • United Food and Commercial Workers Union
    • UNITE HERE (Union of Needletrades, Industrial, and Textile Employees and the Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees union)
    • Laborers International Union of North America
    • United Farm Workers,
    • United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America

OPEIU International (140,000 members, 209 locals)

Washington State Labor Council

Source: Office and Professional Employees International Union Local

change to win1
Change to Win
  • On September 27, 2005, Change to Win held its founding convention in St. Louis, Missouri.
  • Anna Burger, elected Chair of the Change to Win Federation.
  • At least 75% of Change to Win\'s resources and budget must to be allocated to organizing programs.
  • Have target Wal-Mart as a “must organize.”
international brotherhood of teamsters
International Brotherhood of Teamsters
  • Second time they have left the AFL-CIO.
    • 1960 – expelled
    • 1987 – readmitted
    • 2005 - left on own accord
  • About 1.4 million members (2004).
additions to change to win s ranks since 2005
Additions to Change to WIN’s Ranks since 2005
  • Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers BLE
  • Brotherhood of Maintenance of Way Employees BMWE
  • Graphic Communications International Union GCIU
  • National Association of Government Employees NAGE
  • Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union RWDSU
about exam i
About Exam I
  • Bring two blue books
  • Four Part Test:
    • Part I Short Answer Essay (6 of 8) 6 points ea.
    • Part II Definitions (10 of 12) 2 points ea.
    • Part III Essay (3 of 5) 12 points ea.
    • Part IV Matching (all) 8 total points.
    • Bonus 5 points.
  • Two hours
general instructions for exams
General Instructions for Exams
  • Closed books, no notes.
  • Students are expected to do their own work.
  • No hats, caps, or visors (or reverse the bills) during exams.
  • No cell phones, palm pilots or similar devices during examinations.
  • Once the exam begins no one may leave the room unless their exam is completed.