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Esthetica - moderne periode I: Hume. Introductie Hume Wat is “smaak”? Historische context: Baumgarten; empiristische esthetica Algemene aspecten van Hume ’ s filosofie “Of the standard of taste”: Hume over de esthetische ervaring. David Hume. 1711-1776

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Esthetica moderne periode i hume
Esthetica - moderne periode I: Hume

  • Introductie Hume Wat is “smaak”?

  • Historische context: Baumgarten; empiristische esthetica

  • Algemene aspecten van Hume’s filosofie

  • “Of the standard of taste”: Hume over de esthetische ervaring


David hume
David Hume

  • 1711-1776

  • A Treatise of Human Nature (1739-40)

  • Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary (1741 sqq.)

  • An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding (1748)

  • An Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals (1751)

  • The Natural History of Religion (1757)

  • History of England (6 vols., 1754-1762)

  • Dialogues concerning Natural Religion (1778)




Historische context baumgarten
Historische Context: Baumgarten

  • § 1: scientia cognitionis sensitivae

  • § 17: infra distinctionem

  • § 14: finis est perfectio cognitionis sensitivae, haec autem est pulchritudo

  • § 18: pulchritudo est consensus cogitationum inter se ad unum, quid phaenomenon sit


Context empiristische esthetica
Context: Empiristische esthetica

Shaftesbury (Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of S.; 1671-1713): The Moralists, 1709; Characteristics 1711

Joseph Addison (1672-1719): Essays in the “Spectator”

Francis Hutcheson (1694-1747): An Inquiry into the Origins of our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue 1725

Edmund Burke (1729-1797): A philosophical Enquiry into the Origins of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful 1757

William Hogarth (1697-1764): The Analysis of Beauty 1753


Hume

  • Experiment; science of man“render all our principles as universal as possible, by tracing up our experiments to the utmost, and explaining all effects from the simplest and fewest causes, ‘tis still certain we cannot go beyond experience”

  • Perceptions: Impressions - ideas

  • Reason vs. Sentiment; ‘moral’ certainty

  • Standards not fixed a priori

  • Truth niet centraal voor esthetische oordelen If we take in our hand any volume; ... let us ask, Does it contain any abstract reasoning concerning quantity or number? No. Does it contain any experimental reasoning concerning matter of fact? No. Commit it then to the flames: for it can contain nothing but sophistry an illusion.


Hume esthetische ervaring
Hume: Esthetische Ervaring

  • Delicacy

  • Practice in a particular art

  • Comparison

  • Free from all prejudice

  • Context

  • The “good critic”

  • All sentiment is right


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