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MODULE 1 UNIT 1. Basic Hazard and Risk Assessment. Unit 1 Learning Objectives. AT THE CONCLUSION OF THIS UNIT THE STUDENT WILL DESCRIBE HOW TO RECOGNIZE A HAZARDOUS MATERIAL THAT IS MARKED AND PERFORM ASSESSMENT ON THE DEFENSIVE ACTION NECESSARY TO PREVENT THE INCIDENT FROM GETTING LARGER.

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MODULE 1 UNIT 1

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Module 1 unit 1

MODULE 1UNIT 1

Basic Hazard and Risk Assessment


Unit 1 learning objectives

Unit 1 Learning Objectives

  • ATTHE CONCLUSION OF THIS UNIT THE STUDENT WILL DESCRIBE HOW TO RECOGNIZE A HAZARDOUS MATERIAL THAT IS MARKED AND PERFORM ASSESSMENT ON THE DEFENSIVE ACTION NECESSARY TO PREVENT THE INCIDENT FROM GETTING LARGER.


Student performance objectives

Student Performance Objectives

  • Describe how to perform a scene survey

  • Identify basic contents of small containers based on shape and size.

  • Identify basic contents of highway transport containers based on shape and size

  • Identify basic contents of rail transport containers based on shape and size.


Student performance objectives1

Student Performance Objectives

  • Identify basic contents of fixed site containers based on shape and size.

  • Identify radioactive materials based on markings and placards.

  • Describe how to make a damage assessment on containers.

  • Recognize specialized marking systems and products.


Student performance objectives2

Student Performance Objectives

  • Describe how to obtain further information on a material in an incident.

  • Describe how to assess the scene of an incident weighing risk vs. benefit.


Hazard and risk assessment

Hazard and Risk Assessment

  • Gather information at the scene

    • Size-up

    • Situational awareness


Hazard and risk assessment cont

Hazard and Risk Assessment (cont.)

  • Gather information from resources


Surveying the scene

Surveying the Scene

  • Containers

  • Products

  • Environment


Containers

Containers

  • Physical state of product

    • Solid

    • Liquid

    • Gas

  • Pressure

    • Non pressure, low, medium, high

  • Quantity


Containers cont

Containers (cont.)

  • Non Bulk

    • Less than 119 gallons

  • Bulk


Non bulk containers

Drums

Pails

Bags & Sacks

Boxes & Crates

Carboys

Cylinders

Bottles and Jars

Dewars

Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBC)

Non Bulk Containers


Bulk containers

Bulk Containers

  • Highway

  • Rail

  • Storage Tanks


Tanks and containers

Tanks and Containers


Dot 406 mc 306 non pressure tank

DOT 406/MC 306Non-pressure Tank


Dot 407 mc 307 low pressure chemical tank

DOT 407/MC 307Low Pressure Chemical Tank


Mc 312 corrosive liquid tank

MC-312Corrosive Liquid Tank


Mc 331 high pressure tank

MC-331High Pressure Tank


Mc 338 cryogenic liquid tank

MC-338Cryogenic Liquid Tank


Compressed gas tube trailer

Compressed Gas/Tube Trailer


Dry bulk cargo tanker

Dry Bulk Cargo Tanker


Inter modal containers

Inter-Modal Containers


Railroad cars

RAILROAD CARS


Railroad tank cars pressure

Railroad Tank CarsPressure


Railroad tank cars non pressure

Railroad Tank CarsNon-pressure


Railroad tank cars other

Railroad Tank CarsOther


Railroad tanks cars others cont

Railroad Tanks CarsOthers (cont.)


Storage containers

Storage Containers


Storage containers cont

Storage Containers (cont.)


Storage containers cont1

Storage Containers (cont.)


Radioactive material containers

Radioactive Material Containers

  • Excepted (including strong, tight)

  • Type A

  • Type B

  • Type C


Radioactive material containers cont

Radioactive Material Containers (cont.)

  • Industrial Package I (essentially Excepted)

  • Industrial Package II

  • Industrial Package III


Damage assessment

Damage Assessment

  • Container Stressors

  • Container Breaches

  • Release Events

  • Dispersion patterns


Products

Products

  • Hazards

  • Routes of exposure

  • Appropriate PPE

  • Decontamination

  • Medical care


Specialized marking systems

Specialized Marking Systems

  • Pipelines

  • Pesticide Labels

    • Danger

    • Warning

    • Caution


Radioactive markings

Radioactive Markings


Radioactive markings at facilities

Radioactive Markings at Facilities


Rail markings

Rail Markings


Obtaining additional information

Obtaining additional Information


Environment

Environment

  • Be alert for sources of ignition, conduits from the site (such as sewers or drains), streams and bodies of water, and other means of transportation.


Risk vs benefit

Risk vs. Benefit

  • Benefits

    • Save Lives

    • Reduce damage to property

    • Protect the environment

  • Risks

    • Injury or Death


Risk vs benefit cont

Risk vs. Benefit (cont.)

  • Protecting Lives

    • Yourself

    • Fellow Responders

    • The General Public

    • The Victim


Risk vs benefit cont1

Risk vs. Benefit (cont.)

  • Protecting Property

  • Protecting the Environment


Exercise 1

Exercise 1

  • Basic Hazard and Risk Assessment


Hazard risk assessment

Hazard & Risk Assessment


Slide one

Risk = Low

Victim is alive with no protective equipment.

What PPE can we wear

Little if any Contamination

Benefit = High

Victim will live with assistance

Slide one


Hazard risk assessment1

Hazard & Risk Assessment


Slide two

Risk = Moderate

Victim may still be alive.

What type of PPE can we wear

Little if any Contamination

No evidence of the problem being chemical

Benefit = Moderate

Victim, if alive, will probably continue to live.

Slide two


Hazard risk assessment2

Hazard & Risk Assessment


Slide three

Risk = High

Victim probably is not alive.

Will your PPE protect you?

We will get contaminated

Benefit = Moderate

Victim even if alive may not continue to live

Slide three


Hazard risk assessment3

Hazard & Risk Assessment


Slide four

Risk = High

We do not even know if there is a victim.

Heavy Contamination is probable

Benefit = Low

If we can not survive without an SCBA, how can the victim?

Slide four


Summary

Summary

  • Information is needed about the:

    • Container

    • Product

    • Environment


Summary cont

Summary (cont.)

  • First responders must conduct a “risk vs. benefit” analysis to help make decisions about the defensive actions they can take to save lives, protect property and the environment.


Unit one quiz

UNIT ONE QUIZ


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