Jackie Robinson. Ehn Nishioka Jayden Takata. First Black player in major league baseball.
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In 1947 Jackie Robinson became the first black major league baseball player in the history of the game. He left a lasting impact upon the game, system and on the movement of mixing different colored players into professional sports his impact is still felt to this day. He suffered terrible racial prejudice and abuse but endured to create a new legacy. (http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/people-timelines/22-jackie-robinson-timeline.htm)
After his first year in the major leagues he won the prestigious rookie of the year award in the year 1947 showing that he was here to stay and change the way the game would be played. He posted magnificent numbers that towered over his competition in order to win his award and was later featured on the cover of time magazine. (http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/people-timelines/22-jackie-robinson-timeline.htm)
In 1949 he earned the most valuable player award for posting the best numbers and contributing the most to his teams success as he overshadowed his fellow teammates and other players in the league. He overcame huge adversity from just two years prior to come out on top of the competition showing that African Americans could compete to the level of white play. (http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/people-timelines/22-jackie-robinson-timeline.htm)
Through out his decade in the major leagues Robinson posted considerable numbers as he endured racial prejudice and harassment from those who feared change his impacted the game in more ways with his appearance rather than the numbers he put up. He left a lasting legacy that is remembered to this day and has led the way for a revolution in professional baseball. (http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/people-timelines/22-jackie-robinson-timeline.htm)
He played a decade in major league baseball. He went from being hated and stereotyped to becoming a beloved player that the fans couldn’t get enough of. In 1956 he was traded to the new york giants however he felt that it was time to retire as he had enjoyed his time playing in the bigs and felt it was time to pursue more political goals and help the civil rights movement yet his impact that he left on baseball echoes throughout the baseball hall of fame and in every fans hearts. (http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/people-timelines/22-jackie-robinson-timeline.htm)
Following his retirement in 1956 he pursued a new movement as he contributed in helping support the civil rights movement to increase racial equality and lessen any prejudiced stereotypes that black people were faced with. He pushed for equality for future generations. (http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/people-timelines/22-jackie-robinson-timeline.htm)
He became a vocal supporter of Martin Luther King Jr. and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/people-timelines/22-jackie-robinson-timeline.htm) He supported king’s speeches as he also envisioned a world in which there was racial equality and peace and happiness that future generations of youth could enjoy.
Robinson responded to Presidential civil rights comments amid continuing controversy over school desegregation efforts in Little Rock, AR, and the South. In September 1957, Governor OrvalFaubus had ordered the Arkansas National Guard to prevent entry of nine African American students into that city's Central High School. President Eisenhower reluctantly sent U.S. troops to enforce the school's integration. From his position as a prominent executive of the Chock Full o'Nuts Corporation, Robinson continued his advocacy of social justice. (National Archives and Records Administration, Dwight D. Eisenhower Library, Abilene, KS)(http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/jackie_robinson_letter/)
“He led America by example. He reminded our people of what was right and he reminded them of what was wrong. I think it can be safely said today that Jackie Robinson made the United States a better nation.” – American League President Gene Budig
“He knew he had to do well. He knew that the future of blacks in baseball depended on it. The pressure was enormous, overwhelming, and unbearable at times. I don’t know how he held up. I know I never could have.” – Duke Snider
“Jackie’s feat was a watershed moment in the history of our country. Blacks had struggled for years against Jim Crow laws, discrimination in voting rights, and even simple human decencies such as where they could use a rest room, what hotels they could stay in or what part of the bus that they could sit. In baseball many white fans were upset that blacks would be coming to see Robinson in stadiums that they would not have been allowed in before. Players from other teams heckled Robinson, he received hate mail, people sent made death threats, and he was spiked and spit on. But Jackie Robinson kept his pledge to Dodgers owner Branch Rickey not to lash out at his tormentors, as Rickey told him that he needed a man “with enough guts not to strike back.” In doing so his on field performance and poise under pressure won him the National League Rookie of the Year honor in 1947.” (http://padresteve.com/2010/01/18/jackie-robinson-and-dr-martin-luther-king-they-changed-america/) His actions forever changed the world to make it a much better place with more equality and people see more eye to now.