Factors Influencing Long-Term Memory Storage. Working Memory Behavioral Factors: Prior Knowledge Verbalization Co-constructed Narratives Prior Misconceptions Self Explanation
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Working Memory Behavioral Factors:
Prior Knowledge Verbalization
Prior Misconceptions Self Explanation
Repetition and Review
Working Memory- New information jogs your memory and reminds the learner of something they know, this helps to retrieve it to the working memory. Existing knowledge and new knowledge must be connected in the working memory for it to be effective.
Prior Knowledge: Connecting new information to existing knowledge happens when you actually have information that relates to the new knowledge
Prior Misconceptions- Information that is incorrect prevents learners from accepting new information.
Formed about what we see and hear: based on knowledge or misconception about how things should be.
ExpectationsHalo Effect- people expect good behavior from someone me they admire and will perceive their behavior as positive.
Horns Effect- People expect negative behaviors from someone they do not like and they will perceive their behavior as negative.
“Activities that occur during learning”
Talking about your experiences facilitates long-term memory storage.
Parents talking with their child about the things they do and the places they go improves their memory.
Co-Constructed Narratives: Helps to make better sense of and event and gives it a name for encoding.
Use Self talk to
Writing about your experiences facilitates long-term memory storage.
Enactment- Physical actions that in some way reflect what is being learned.
Spacing Effect- Retention and performance is increased by
reviewing and practicing new information at periodic intervals.
Repeat after me !
Rehearsal: Repeating information over and over again so that it
will be in the working memory.