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Factors Influencing Long-Term Memory Storage

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Factors Influencing Long-Term Memory Storage. Working Memory Behavioral Factors: Prior Knowledge Verbalization Co-constructed Narratives Prior Misconceptions Self Explanation

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Factors Influencing Long-Term

Memory Storage

Working Memory Behavioral Factors:

Prior Knowledge Verbalization

Co-constructed Narratives

Prior Misconceptions Self Explanation

Writing

Expectations Enactment

Repetition and Review

Rehearsal

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Working Memory

I Know

I Know

Working Memory- New information jogs your memory and reminds the learner of something they know, this helps to retrieve it to the working memory. Existing knowledge and new knowledge must be connected in the working memory for it to be effective.

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Prior Knowledge

Prior Knowledge: Connecting new information to existing knowledge happens when you actually have information that relates to the new knowledge

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Prior Misconceptions

?

Prior Misconceptions- Information that is incorrect prevents learners from accepting new information.

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Formed about what we see and hear: based on knowledge or misconception about how things should be.

Expectations

Halo Effect- people expect good behavior from someone me they admire and will perceive their behavior as positive.

Horns Effect- People expect negative behaviors from someone they do not like and they will perceive their behavior as negative.

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Behavioral Factors

  • Verbalization
  • Co-constructed Narratives
  • Self explanations
  • Writing
  • Expectations
  • Enactment
  • Repetition and Review
  • Rehearsal

“Activities that occur during learning”

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Verbalization

Talking about your experiences facilitates long-term memory storage.

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Co-Constructed Narratives

Parents talking with their child about the things they do and the places they go improves their memory.

Co-Constructed Narratives: Helps to make better sense of and event and gives it a name for encoding.

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Self-Explanation

Use Self talk to

help understand

difficult information.

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Writing

  • Book Reports
  • Answering Chapter Questions
  • Taking Notes

Writing about your experiences facilitates long-term memory storage.

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Enactment

Enactment- Physical actions that in some way reflect what is being learned.

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Repetition and Review

Spacing Effect- Retention and performance is increased by

reviewing and practicing new information at periodic intervals.

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Rehearsal

Repeat after me !

Rehearsal: Repeating information over and over again so that it

will be in the working memory.

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