A Human Right
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A Human Right. “A [human] right is not something that somebody gives you; it is something that nobody can take away." Eleanor Roosevelt. “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.” Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Whose Right to Food?.

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A Human Right

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A Human Right


“A [human] right is not something that somebody gives you; it is something that nobody can take away."

Eleanor Roosevelt

“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.”

Universal Declaration of Human Rights


Whose Right to Food?

  • •854 million chronically hungry people

  • •2 billion people suffer from

  • micronutrient deficiencies

  • •25 million children and 250 million

  • adults are obese


International Law

•The right of everyone to an adequate standard of living,

includingadequate food

•The fundamental right of everyone to befree from hunger

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 156 State Parties


Food Security & Right to Food

Common Elements:

•Every Human Being

•Everywhere

•Can Produce or Procure

•Safe, Sufficient, Nutritious Food

•Culturally Acceptable

•For Active & Healthy Life


Right to Food is more

Every Person

States

Everyone

Right

Obligations

Responsibilities

Human Rights Principles - Accountability


FOOD SECURITY

ACCESS TO FOOD

FOOD UTILIZATION

AVAILABILITY

TO FOOD

STABILITY

ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF NEEDS


RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

FOOD SECURITY

ACCESS TO FOOD

FOOD UTILIZATION

AVAILABILITY

TO FOOD

STABILITY

ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF NEEDS

RULE OF LAW

EMPOWERMENT

HUMAN DIGNITY

NON-DISCRIMINATION

PARTICIPATION

TRANSPARENCY

ACCOUNTABILITY

ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS


Levels of state obligations

RESPECT

PROTECT

FULFIL


Right to Food Guidelines

• Adopted by the FAO Council in

November 2004

•Practical Tool to Implement

Human Rights Obligations

•Enabling Environment,

Assistance & Accountability


Fao’s Mandate

FAO Constitution since 1965

“...and thus ensuring humanity’s freedom from hunger”

World Food Summit 1996

Rome Declaration on World Food Security reaffirms the right to food

Guidelines

adopted in 2004 and follow-up decided


Value of Right to Food Guidelines

•Agreed definitions

•Principles into Practice

•Coordination Framework

•Advocacy

•Sound Food Security Policies

& Processes


Right to Food Unit

•World Food Summit Follow Up

•Guidelines Follow Up

•Research

•Information and Awareness

•Capacity Strengthening

•Country Assistance


Seven practical steps

Identification of Hungry People

Assessment

Strategy

Institutions

Legal Framework

Monitoring

Recourse


Summary

  • • The Right to Food is a Human Right

    • Rights

    • Obligations

    • Responsibilities

    • • Right to Food Guidelines

    • All States

    • Right to Food Unit

    • • It Can Be Done


HUMAN RIGHT TO FEED ONESELF IN DIGNITY

  • Viale delle Terme di Caracalla - 00100 Rome, Italy

  • Tel.: (+39) 06 57055475 - Fax: (+39) 06 57053712

  • www.fao.org/righttofood - E-mail: [email protected]


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