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AMERICA ENTERS THE WORLD. Expansionism v. Imperialism Formal v. Informal Empire . AMERICA ENTERS THE WORLD. American Foreign Policy Before 1890s Monroe Doctrine (1823) Why Overseas Involvement in the 1890s Closing of the internal frontier Desire to acquire overseas markets

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AMERICA ENTERS THE WORLD

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AMERICA ENTERS THE WORLD

  • Expansionism v. Imperialism

  • Formal v. Informal Empire


AMERICA ENTERS THE WORLD

  • American Foreign Policy Before 1890s

    • Monroe Doctrine (1823)

  • Why Overseas Involvement in the 1890s

    • Closing of the internal frontier

    • Desire to acquire overseas markets

    • Racial nationalism (“civilizing mission”)

      • A progressive urge?

    • Prestige factor

      • Alfred Thayer Mahan


AMERICA ENTERS THE WORLD

  • Spanish-American War: an important break with previous patterns of U.S. expansion

  • Cuba and the Spanish-American War of 1898

    • Cuban revolution (“Butcher Weyler”)


AMERICA ENTERS THE WORLD

  • Sinking of the U.S.S. Maine –

  • February 1898


AMERICA ENTERS THE WORLD

  • Teller Amendment

  • “A splendid little war”


AMERICA ENTERS THE WORLD

  • Acquisition of colonies: Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines

  • Anti-Imperialist League


AMERICA ENTERS THE WOLRD

  • Platt Amendment and Cuban independence

  • Filipino-American War

    • Emilio Aguinaldo

    • Insular Cases (1901)

    • Balangiga

    • Gen. Jacob Smith


AMERICA ENTERS THE WORLD

  • Creating a New American Foreign Policy

    • Teddy Roosevelt and Big-Stick Diplomacy in Latin America

      • Panama and the Canal Zone

      • Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine


Haitian Occupation: 1915-1934


James Weldon Johnson

Warren G. Harding


AMERICA ENTERS THE WORLD

  • William Taft and Dollar Diplomacy

  • Woodrow Wilson and Moral Diplomacy


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